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Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 44: Secession.—schemes of compromise.—Civil War.—Chairman of foreign relations Committee.—Dr. Lieber.—November, 1860April, 1861. (search)
urned to the support of the propositions he had offered and later rejected. Everett, Winthrop, and A. A. Lawrence, members of the Boston Union Committee, sat near Adams as he was speaking; and when he closed, Everett gave him congratulations and approval. Another hearer was Cassius M. Clay, who approved Adams's propositions indicated his disposition to abandon the personal liberty laws of the States. Everett approved the Crittenden Compromise in a letter to the author of it; but Winthrsence of regular delegates the State might be misrepresented by volunteers. Everett, Winthrop, and other members of the Union committee from Boston, then in Washiapplauded, and Sumner's received with groans and hisses. A committee, of which Everett, Winthrop, and A. A. Lawrence were members, went to Washington to promote the adoption of the Crittenden propositions. Everett and Lawrence called on Sumner, and the former with much emotion urged him to enlist in some scheme of compromise; b
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 45: an antislavery policy.—the Trent case.—Theories of reconstruction.—confiscation.—the session of 1861-1862. (search)
ting within a month, as its first act, after verifying the titles of members to their seats, passed unanimously, and without even a reference, a joint resolution approving Captain Wilkes's brave, adroit, and patriotic conduct; and though there was not wanting a distrust in some quarters of the expediency or legality of Captain Wilkes's act, public opinion, as expressed by the press and even by publicists, very generally applauded it. Among those who in Massachusetts gave it sanction were Edward Everett, Theophilus Parsons, Caleb Cushing, C. G. Loring, George Sumner, Joel Parker, B. F. Thomas, G. T. Bigelow, R. H. Dana, Jr., Adams's Biography of Dana, vol. II. p. 259. and the editors of that conservative journal, the Boston Advertiser. It was, indeed, a perilous moment, perhaps the most perilous, in our Civil War. Public opinion in Great Britain had been running strongly against us, and a large party in that country was watching for a pretext to push intervention in favor of the
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 46: qualities and habits as a senator.—1862. (search)
nd his hands resting upon his crossed legs, he looks in dress and attitude and air the very model of an English country gentleman. A child would ask him the time in the streets, and a woman would come to him unbidden for protection. (Federal States, vol. i. pp. 236-237 ) Mrs. Janet Chase Hoyt, daughter of Chief-Justice Chase, incorporates the above description into one of her own, adding further details of Sumner's manner in the society of friends. New York Tribune, April 5, 1891. Edward Everett, in a eulogy, likened the fidelity of John Quincy Adams to his seat in the House of Representatives, to that of a marble column of the Capitol to its pedestal; Senator Casserly referred, March 31, 1871, to Sumner as the senator whom I do not see in his seat, which is very unusual, by the way. and the same tribute is Sumner's due. No private errand and no listlessness kept him from his public duty; and he attended with severe punctuality the sessions of his committee and of the Senate.
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 48: Seward.—emancipation.—peace with France.—letters of marque and reprisal.—foreign mediation.—action on certain military appointments.—personal relations with foreigners at Washington.—letters to Bright, Cobden, and the Duchess of Argyll.—English opinion on the Civil War.—Earl Russell and Gladstone.—foreign relations.—1862-1863. (search)
of freedom. McClellan was relieved from command in November, 1862, and from that time took no part in the war. Late in January following he accepted an invitation to visit Boston, where he was entertained with elaborate receptions (one at Mr. Everett's), and presented with a pitcher and a sword. Governor Andrew and other members of the State government were ignored in the festivities. It was almost the last effort of the expiring conservatism of Boston to rally on the old lines. The plo civilized age of recognizing a new power openly proclaiming this barbarism as its corner-stone. Works, vol. VII. p. 474. Of all American statesmen then active in public life Sumner was thought to be the most English in his tastes; Edward Everett was in retirement. and among them he was almost the only one who had any considerable English acquaintance. For many English friends he felt an affection equal to that which he felt for any of his own countrymen. He was, as was often remark
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 49: letters to Europe.—test oath in the senate.—final repeal of the fugitive-slave act.—abolition of the coastwise slave-trade.—Freedmen's Bureau.—equal rights of the colored people as witnesses and passengers.—equal pay of colored troops.—first struggle for suffrage of the colored people.—thirteenth amendment of the constitution.— French spoliation claims.—taxation of national banks.— differences with Fessenden.—Civil service Reform.—Lincoln's re-election.—parting with friends.—1863-1864. (search)
orks. It was, however, an investigation very congenial to Sumner. He wrote Lieber, March 17: I go home to work at my report on French spoliations. I am struck by the scrubs of the French Directory; but especially by the magnificent ability of Talleyrand, whose reply to our commissioners is a masterpiece. He was then only a beginner. The report was strongly commended by Reverdy Johnson, who spoke in favor of the printing of extra copies. It called out letters of hearty approval from Edward Everett and Caleb Cushing, who when in Congress, as members of committees, had made reports in favor of the measure. The National Intelligencer of May 17, 1864, described the report as very able and elaborate, and containing a thorough and exhaustive discussion of the question. Among correspondents who expressed their satisfaction with it was James B. Murray, of New York, the last surviving member of a committee appointed in that city fifty years before to urge on Congress the payment of the
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 50: last months of the Civil War.—Chase and Taney, chief-justices.—the first colored attorney in the supreme court —reciprocity with Canada.—the New Jersey monopoly.— retaliation in war.—reconstruction.—debate on Louisiana.—Lincoln and Sumner.—visit to Richmond.—the president's death by assassination.—Sumner's eulogy upon him. —President Johnson; his method of reconstruction.—Sumner's protests against race distinctions.—death of friends. —French visitors and correspondents.—1864-1865. (search)
ttle interest in the audience before him, being in this respect quite unlike Mr. Everett, who to the last was intent on oratorical effect. As observed in a previousncoln afterwards read to me the list of names with comments. I then pressed Mr. Everett for Paris. It was at a later day that he let me know of the treaty with Benelations with several friends with whom he had been more or less intimate. Edward Everett, whom he had known from youth, died Jan. 15, 1865. Their correspondence beolitics, they were sympathetic on literary and foreign questions. Some of Mr. Everett's later letters to Sumner concerned questions with England. Mr. Everett suppMr. Everett supported steadily the government during the Civil War, and gave his vote as citizen and member of the electoral college to Mr. Lincoln in 1864. Shortly before Mr. EverMr. Everett's death Sumner recommended his appointment as minister to Paris. On account of his duties as senator, he was obliged to decline the invitation of the Legislatur
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 51: reconstruction under Johnson's policy.—the fourteenth amendment to the constitution.—defeat of equal suffrage for the District of Columbia, and for Colorado, Nebraska, and Tennessee.—fundamental conditions.— proposed trial of Jefferson Davis.—the neutrality acts. —Stockton's claim as a senator.—tributes to public men. —consolidation of the statutes.—excessive labor.— address on Johnson's Policy.—his mother's death.—his marriage.—1865-1866. (search)
t different times, beginning with his first session, he commended the subject as deserving the speedy action of Congress; Ante, vol. III. p. 275. March 2, 1866, Congressional Globe, p. 1131. Lieber took an active interest in the question, as will be seen in his Life and Letters, pp. 169, 380, 410. but none took place till 1891. As usual, Sumner was on this subject a long way in advance of public opinion, or at least of public action. He wrote to Lieber, March 11, 1866:— When Mr. Everett was Secretary of State he did me the honor to consult me on a copyright treaty. I encouraged him to negotiate it. He did so, but the treaty was never acted on by the Senate. Last spring, when Sir Frederick Bruce arrived, I opened the subject with him, and he said that he should be glad to take it up; he would be delighted; it would be to him the God-send of his diplomatic life, for it would save his mission from being an absolute failure. Then came Lord Russell's refusal of all recipro
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, chapter 10 (search)
n all their fulness; but I hope for the best. Early in 1869 a plan was brought to a head which Sumner had long had in mind,.—a complete edition of his speeches and writings, revised and annotated by himself. Literary friends counselled him to undertake it; and he was prompted also by calls for copies of speeches long out of print, from different parts of the country. S. Austin Allibone wrote, Jan. 9, 1868: I have it much in my heart that there should be a handsome octavo edition (like Everett's) of your orations, etc. They should have a copious index; and do prepare autobiographical memoranda, with notices of your eminent friends in Europe and America. The senator had a statesman's ambition to place what he had done in permanent volumes, accessible for all time; and the American edition of Burke's works furnished the model. He had an instinct that it would not do to defer longer the cherished plan. To Dr. Howe he wrote:— I wish to be the executor of my own will in this
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 58: the battle-flag resolution.—the censure by the Massachusetts Legislature.—the return of the angina pectoris. —absence from the senate.—proofs of popular favor.— last meetings with friends and constituents.—the Virginius case.—European friends recalled.—1872-1873. (search)
tumn he dined occasionally at Mr. Hooper's. One habit of Sumner may be worth noting. Reaching, on his way to Mr. Hooper's, the gate of the Public Garden, at the head of Commonwealth Avenue, he always turned about to look at Story's statue of Everett standing in characteristic attitude with uplifted arm. The design has not escaped criticism, but Sumner liked it. His own statue and Everett's now front each other, though at quite a distance apart. The afternoon of Sunday, the day before leavinEverett's now front each other, though at quite a distance apart. The afternoon of Sunday, the day before leaving for Washington, he passed at Cambridge with Agassiz. On the evening of the same day He dined with the son of William H. Prescott, with whom he renewed the memories of friendly and sympathetic intercourse with the historian. Among the guests were the young Lord Roseberry, and Longfellow and his daughter, afterwards Mrs. Dana. His letters show how he kept English friends and affairs in mind. To Lady Hatherton he wrote, April 3:— I was glad that you remembered me, although you could
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 59: cordiality of senators.—last appeal for the Civil-rights bill. —death of Agassiz.—guest of the New England Society in New York.—the nomination of Caleb Cushing as chief-justice.—an appointment for the Boston custom-house.— the rescinding of the legislative censure.—last effort in debate.—last day in the senate.—illness, death, funeral, and memorial tributes.—Dec. 1, 1873March 11, 1874. (search)
In death he was borne through scenes familiar to his life,—through the streets of his native city, over the Cambridge bridge pressed so often by his feet, by the college he loved, by the homes of Story and Longfellow, along the shaded road he had so often trod with classmates and teachers, to that final resting-place of Boston's cherished dead, whose consecration he had witnessed in youth, there to renew companionship with Ashmun, Story, Greenleaf, Fletcher, Channing, Felton, Agassiz, and Everett, and to await The coining of Hillard and Longfellow. Here, beneath a stalwart oak, close by parents, brothers, and sisters, in the presence of classmates, friends, and of a sorrowing multitude, late in the afternoon when darkness was setting in, the Integer Vitae and A Mighty Fortress is our God were sung; the words of comfort, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord, were spoken, and the benediction given. Longfellow, Whittier, Holmes, and Emerson stood by the open grave; and there