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Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 44: Secession.—schemes of compromise.—Civil War.—Chairman of foreign relations Committee.—Dr. Lieber.—November, 1860April, 1861. (search)
a week later took a more favorable view of it. Seward spoke again briefly January 31. Mrs. Seward diMrs. Seward did not approve her husband's concessions. Seward's Life, vol. II. p. 496. He read the speech befor To Whittier, February 5:— I deplored Seward's speeches. January 12 and 31. The first heit in their disapproval of the propositions of Seward and Adams. But the writers, whether for or agot history. The relations of both Lincoln and Seward to Sumner, and all they are known to have said a letter to the London Times to remove it. Seward's Life, vol. III. pp. 29, 30, 37; Weed's Lifently wrote with the same thought her letter to Seward, Dec. 8, 1861. Seward's Life, vol. III. p.Seward's Life, vol. III. p. 32. Cobden, however, took him less seriously, thinking him a kind of American Thiers or Palmerston said than on things yet actually done. But Mr. Seward knows Europe less well than you do; and the ife, pp. 386, 387. I only wish you had been in Seward's place. There is a great fear here that he h[35 more...]
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 45: an antislavery policy.—the Trent case.—Theories of reconstruction.—confiscation.—the session of 1861-1862. (search)
t before the attack on Fort Sumter (April 10), Seward instructed Adams not to consent to draw into drom the want of an avowed antislavery policy. Seward's Life, vol. III. p. 57. In less than a year e kept my temper, and with the President and Mr. Seward have stated the case always in the interest t a period of distraction and hesitation,—with Seward resisting, great masses of men hostile or uncog practically abandoned; but Sumner as well as Seward was constrained by anxiety to put the argumentear not. Then there goes with the settlement Mr. Seward's unhappy declaration to Mr. Adams that he ht a dinner by the Secretary of War, where were Seward, Chase and two of three senators, while we werrent case. Speaking of the course of England, Seward said he had no memory for injuries, and that ind that it was absolutely an unauthorized act. Seward told me that he was reserving himself in orderat hand. On July 13 the President revealed to Seward and Welles on a drive that he had about come t[31 more...]
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 46: qualities and habits as a senator.—1862. (search)
as a limitation to his sphere that he did not draw many statutes. General Butler's Book, p. 314; G. S. Boutwell in the Boston Globe, Sept. 28, 1890. This mechanical work falls largely to the solicitors of the departments, or to promoters of bills; The bankrupt bill, which has long engaged the attention of Congress, was drawn by an eminent judge,—John Lowell, of Boston. and Sumner did as much of it as most men holding his relation to general affairs,—as much, for instance, as Webster or Seward. Wilson probably did not, while chairman of the committee on military affairs during the Civil War, draw one of the bills reported by him,—all being supplied by the Secretary of War, whose proper business it is to adjust the details of the military system. The mass of senators and representatives at that time were accustomed to leave Washington immediately after the adjournment. The custom has been somewhat modified by the greater number of members who have become renters or proprieto<
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 47: third election to the Senate. (search)
g for a victory, and the battle of Antietam was so regarded. I protested against the delay, and wished it to be put forth—the sooner the better—without any reference to our military condition In the Cabinet it was at first opposed strenuously by Seward, who from the beginning has failed to see this war in its true character, and whose contrivances and anticipations have been those merely of a politician who did not see the elemental forces engaged. But he countersigned the proclamation, which rebellion crumble like your Sepoy rebellion, which for awhile seemed as menacing to your Indian empire as ours has been to our republic. I believe I have avoided in my letters any very confident prediction. I have never seen our affairs with Mr. Seward's eyes; but I have from the beginning seen that our only chance against the rebellion was by striking slavery; and it seemed to me that these mighty armaments on both sides, and their terrible shock, were intended to insure its destruction. It
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 48: Seward.—emancipation.—peace with France.—letters of marque and reprisal.—foreign mediation.—action on certain military appointments.—personal relations with foreigners at Washington.—letters to Bright, Cobden, and the Duchess of Argyll.—English opinion on the Civil War.—Earl Russell and Gladstone.—foreign relations.—1862-1863. (search)
tors individually stated their objections to Mr. Seward's continuance in the Cabinet. When Mr. LincS. P. Chase, pp. 473-475; Welles's Lincoln and Seward, pp. 81-85; and Nicolay and Hay's Life of Linc had special objection to other members except Seward. He had agreeable relations with Blair, who d his place on the committee, after saying that Seward had slapped the House of Representatives in thve come to pass in our foreign relations. Mr. Seward quite early in the Civil War became a partisinterested the President, till at last on Saturday Seward came to me with a most urgent message frotively to my objections. The original idea is Seward's, who drew the first bill. I said to Grimesll be no letters, at least for the present. Mr. Seward has been obliged to yield. To Lieber, Maour government and the insurgents. Adams to Seward, Oct. 10 and 17, 1862. He must have foreseen t in the course of the Cabinet. Adams wrote to Seward, October 16, that the government has within th[43 more...]
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 49: letters to Europe.—test oath in the senate.—final repeal of the fugitive-slave act.—abolition of the coastwise slave-trade.—Freedmen's Bureau.—equal rights of the colored people as witnesses and passengers.—equal pay of colored troops.—first struggle for suffrage of the colored people.—thirteenth amendment of the constitution.— French spoliation claims.—taxation of national banks.— differences with Fessenden.—Civil service Reform.—Lincoln's re-election.—parting with friends.—1863-1864. (search)
ieber had asked Sumner to request the President to read it. Lieber's Life and Letters, p. 345. I doubt if it would interest the President, who reads very little. Seward said to me two days ago: There was a great cry last year on the question whether the President read despatches before they are sent; but I am sure he never reads lay and Hay's Life of Lincoln, vol. IX. pp. 339-342.) A resolution of the Republican national convention was intended to call for a change in his case as well as Seward's. (New York Independent, June 20.) The President, in January, 1865, informed William Claflin, who had in 1864, as an active member of the Republican national comovernor Claflin, some years afterwards, gave an account of this conversation with Mr. Lincoln at a dinner of the Massachusetts Club in Boston. and particularly of Seward, in his Cabinet, weakened his position with that large body of loyal men who insisted on a direct and aggressive policy against slavery; and finally his treatment
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 50: last months of the Civil War.—Chase and Taney, chief-justices.—the first colored attorney in the supreme court —reciprocity with Canada.—the New Jersey monopoly.— retaliation in war.—reconstruction.—debate on Louisiana.—Lincoln and Sumner.—visit to Richmond.—the president's death by assassination.—Sumner's eulogy upon him. —President Johnson; his method of reconstruction.—Sumner's protests against race distinctions.—death of friends. —French visitors and correspondents.—1864-1865. (search)
he rebel armies. The interview was pleasant. Seward sent the commissioners on their arrival three ow is the Capitol? Is it finished? This gave Seward an opportunity of picturing the present admireowed Sumner escorting Mrs. Lincoln; and then Mr. Seward and daughter, Secretary Usher and wife, Senay, the 9th, and the President at once sought Mr. Seward, who had been kept in bed by his injury. Its last, Sumner drove with General Halleck to Mr. Seward's, whose murder had been attempted by anotheof Booth. He spoke words of consolation to Mrs. Seward, whom he was not to meet again, and then weus that no other victim has fallen, and that Mr. Seward is recovering. If you have an opportunity oin with him, and asked him to set me down at Mr. Seward's. He said that he must first stop at Mr. Jo of settlement before the next session. Mr. Seward shows considerable vitality. The broken jawth which for four years it has fraternized. Mr. Seward's disability causes a suspension of our dipl[5 more...]
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 51: reconstruction under Johnson's policy.—the fourteenth amendment to the constitution.—defeat of equal suffrage for the District of Columbia, and for Colorado, Nebraska, and Tennessee.—fundamental conditions.— proposed trial of Jefferson Davis.—the neutrality acts. —Stockton's claim as a senator.—tributes to public men. —consolidation of the statutes.—excessive labor.— address on Johnson's Policy.—his mother's death.—his marriage.—1865-1866. (search)
ste, and merely to wish you a Happy New Year. Seward assures me that his voyage To the West Indihat they are always frank with the President. Seward is rash and visionary, with a most wonderful wan, having in several instances prevailed over Seward. Referring to his interposition at this time,otwithstanding his political separation from Mr. Seward, their cordial personal relations continued,imself the criticism of being too partial to Mr. Seward's department. May 16 and 17, 1866, Congreom bad to worse. He is another James II, with Seward for his Sunderland. His apostasy is complete.hed, and the speeches of the President and of Seward, have done them no good. People are disgusted. Seward seems to have lost his wits as well as principles. The President, of course, is driven inal tour, his swinging round the circle, with Mr. Seward and General Grant and others as companions, late senator from New York; and above all of Mr. Seward, not a wise counsellor, who had failed to co[5 more...]
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 52: Tenure-of-office act.—equal suffrage in the District of Columbia, in new states, in territories, and in reconstructed states.—schools and homesteads for the Freedmen.—purchase of Alaska and of St. Thomas.—death of Sir Frederick Bruce.—Sumner on Fessenden and Edmunds.—the prophetic voices.—lecture tour in the West.—are we a nation?1866-1867. (search)
question will be presented. I sorrow for Seward, who seems to be more than usually perverse; bign a convention for a joint commission; but Mr. Seward retreated after the convention had been drawhave just perused the correspondence between Mr. Seward and Lord Stanley on the Alabama claims. Thehe information of the public and of Congress. Seward's Life, vol. III. p. 392. This was the first Sumner (Works, vol. XI. p. 348, note). It was Seward's decision, however, which determined the name (Seward's Life, vol. III. p. 369). The speech was widely distributed as a pamphlet in this couen consulted in advance as to the treaty, Mr. Seward submitted in 1862 to the Senate the draught hase. This caveat proved to be opportune; for Seward, though it was not then known, was already embsed the scheme summarily, saying it was one of Seward's, and he would have nothing to do with it. Thbeen tempted to renew a negotiation which in Mr. Seward's hands proved to be a diplomatic fiasco. [17 more...]
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, chapter 10 (search)
Among those known to have dined with him are Seward, Motley, Fish, Conking, Hooper. Reverdy Johnsake yourself at it home with me. I have seen Mr. Seward who is anxious as ever that you should carrylation. Sumner had, after consultation with Seward, called in the Senate for the correspondence wher cruisers fitted out in that country. Both Seward and Sumner were desirous that Mr. Bemis shouldnaturalization, with all its abominations, was Seward's work. He desires to he known as its author. There seems to be a new and favorable turn. Seward is sanguine, and Johnson writes that he shall soon. The naturalization treaty comes first. Seward then expects a commission to hear and determine aware, of course, that the feeling towards Mr. Seward will not help the treaties. At this moment likely that he would have invited Sumner to be Seward's successor. Sumner's name was mentioned in cliged to determine then if I would supersede Mr. Seward. The thought troubled me at the time; for h[1 more...]
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