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ry and called the Independent Battalion, Mass. Cavalry Vols., and engaged in the expedition to St. John's River, Fla. By special order, dated Feb. 12, 1864, the Independent Battalion became 1st Battalion, 4th Mass. Cavalry, and under this organization was ordered to Virginia in May, 1864, and its subsequent history will be found with the 4th Mass. Cavalry. The 1st and 2d Battalions with the army of the Potomac took part in the marches and skirmishes which preceded the battles of Antietam and Fredericksburg. They took active part in the campaigns of 1863-64, a new battalion of four companies joining them at Warrenton, Va., in March, 1864. The regiment was stationed on provost duty at City Point in March, 1865, and served afterward in the defences of Washington until mustered out June 26, 1865. Present also at Poolesville, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancelloreville, Upperville, Gettysburg, Williamsport, Culpeper, Auburn, fortifications of Richmond and Cold Harbor.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Second regiment Massachusetts Cavalry. (search)
of the regiment, California furnishing four of these, were organized and mustered into service from February to May, 1863, under Col. Charles Russell Lowell, and, leaving Readville May 11, encamped near Washington, moving camp on June 23 to Poolesville, Md. On August 6 the detachment at Gloucester Point joined the main body at Centreville, Va., and the regiment was united with the 13th and 16th N. Y. Cavalries to form a brigade, with Colonel Lowell as brigade commander. On September 15 four coencamped for a time near Petersburg, it took part under General Sheridan against Johnston's army; participated afterward in the grand review at Washington, and, after remaining in camp in Fairfax County until July 20, 1865, was mustered out at Fair. fax Court House, being finally paid off and discharged Aug. 3, 1865, at Readville, Mass. Present also at Fort Reno, Poolesville, Summit Point, Luray, Tom's Brook, South Anna, White Oak Road, Dinwiddie Court House, Sailor's Creek and Appomattox.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Tenth battery Massachusetts Light Artillery. (search)
old Harbor; Petersburg; Hatcher's Run, July 5-7, 1865; Fall of Petersburg; Farmville, April 7, 1865. The 10th Battery, mustered into service Sept. 9, 1862, was recruited in Boston by Henry H. Granger, afterward senior First Lieutenant of the battery and Brevet Lieut. Colonel, U. S. Vols. It left the State Oct. 14, 1862, but did not go into action for some time, its first months of service being spent in organization and drill in camp near Washington. It was ordered Dec. 25, 1862, to Poolesville, Md., where it remained through the winter. The battery joined the Army of the Potomac July 8, 1863, becoming part of the 1st Division, 3d Army Corps, and took its part in the marching and manoeuvring of the rest of the year, going three times into action that autumn; at Auburn, Va., October 13; Kelly's Ford, November 7; and Mine Run, November 30. Upon the reorganization of the army in preparation for the campaigns of 1864, the battery joined the 2d Army Corps and fought with it through al
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Thirteenth regiment Massachusetts Infantry. (search)
9168150221,616 Totals,––––––––––––––1,712 The 15th Mass. Infantry was recruited in Worcester County, Mass., being partially based on militia companies already existing, and was mustered into the service of the United States July 12, 1861. Its colonel, Charles Devens, Jr., at the time of his appointment stationed at Fort McHenry, Md., as colonel of the 3d Battalion Rifles, M. V. M., joined the regiment in July. August 8 it left the State for Washington, and two weeks later moved to Poolesville, Md., and was stationed on the upper Potomac. It was the first to take part in the battle of Ball's Bluff; crossing the river the night of October 20, it engaged in action the next morning and shared in the final battle of the afternoon, meeting heavy loss in killed, wounded and prisoners. In February, 1862, the regiment moved to Harper's Ferry and engaged in reconnoitering in the Shenandoah valley. Returning to Washington, it joined the Army of the Potomac on the Pen
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Nineteenth regiment Massachusetts Infantry. (search)
7166128164165176247140148451,759 Totals,––––––––––––––1,871 The 19th Mass. Infantry was recruited at Lynnfield, Mass., having for a nucleus three companies of the 3d Battalion Rifles. Seven additional companies from the vicinity of Boston being soon added, the regiment left the State August 28, under Col. Edward W. Hincks (then Hinks), who had served as colonel of the 8th Infantry, M. V. M., during its three months service. It was stationed in camp near Washington until ordered to Poolesville, Md., September 12, and assigned to General Lander's Brigade. It took part at Ball's Bluff October 21, and remained engaged in guarding the upper Potomac until the spring of 1862. In March the regiment, as part of General Sedgwick's forces moved to the Shenandoah valley; returning to Washington March 25, it joined General McClellan's forces on the Peninsula, being assigned to the 3d Brigade, Sedgwick's Division, 2d Corps, Army of the Potomac. It went into action befor
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Twentieth regiment Massachusetts Infantry. (search)
d men,12–24254220216212217241240217235227382,353 Totals,––––––––––––––2,470 The 20th Mass. Infantry was recruited at Readville, Mass., in July and August, 1861. The officers having been mustered in during July and the main body of the regiment August 28, the command left the State September 4 under Col. William Raymond Lee, a graduate of West Point. As it was not yet recruited to the maximum, two officers remained in Massachusetts for further recruiting. The regiment was sent to Poolesville, Md., and took an active part at Ball's Bluff October 21, crossing the river at Harrison's Island about noon of that day and engaging in the battle of the afternoon with great loss. Colonel Lee was made prisoner and Lieutenant-Colonel Palfrey took charge of the regiment. Under his command it moved to the Shenandoah valley in March, 1862; returning to Washington, it embarked for the Peninsula, becoming part of Sumner's Corps, Army of the Potomac. It was engaged durin
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Thirty-ninth regiment Massachusetts Infantry. (search)
2851,357 Totals,–––––––––––––1,432 The 39th Mass. Infantry was organized at Lynnfield, Mass., in the summer of 1862; Co. D was mustered into service in July, and the remaining nine companies in August and the early days of September. It left the State for Washington September 6, under command of Col. P. Stearns Davis, and was active in guarding the Potomac, being posted at Edwards' and Conrad's ferries, serving in October at Seneca Creek and vicinity, and making winter quarters at Poolesville, Md. It was placed on guard and patrol duty at Washington from April to July, 1864, and moving then to Harper's Ferry, joined the Army of the Potomac at Funkstown, becoming part of the 2d Division, 1st Corps. It moved with the army to the Rappahannock, took part in the operations in the vicinity and in the Mine Run campaign. As part of the 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 5th Corps, it was active at the Wilderness May 4-6 and shared in the movement to Spotsylvania, losing at La