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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Trees whittled down at Horseshoe. (search)
nd the Landrum house, which was outside of our skirmish line, and no signs of the enemy were seen in our front nor did there appear to be any activity in the enemy's line in our front, until late in the afternoon of that day. At the Wilderness. In addition to what I have said in regard to the selection of this line, one very important fact—one that will be fully appreciated by those conversant with that campaign—must not be overlooked. Johnson's division received the opening attack of Grant's army on May 5th, and during that day and night, and the succeeding day and night, were in line of battle, fighting almost continuously, resisting until late each night the frequent and furious charges of the enemy. There was no rest day or night for our men, until the night of the 7th. So intense was the fighting that on the night of May 5th, the commander of Pegram's brigade of Early's division, which had been sent to extend our left, sent word to General Johnson that the men could not
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.15 (search)
e color bearer killed. One among the bloodiest Contests of the great war of the Sixties. [For the privation of, and the list of the officers under fire on Morris Island, see Vols. XII, and XVIII, Southern Historical Society Papers, the latter by Hon. Abe Fulkerson, late Colonel 63rd Tennessee Infantry.—Ed.] The sharp combat at Bethesda Church, on the afternoon of May 30th, 1864, was the beginning of the series of battles at Cold Harbor, which wound up by the decisive repulse of Grant on June 3d. Our loss on that occasion, except in Pegram's brigade, was small, says General Early in his report, which is found in Vol. 51, Part 1, Series 1, of the War Records, Serial Number 107. He was at that time commanding Ewell's corps. Colonel Edward Willis, Son of Dr. Frances T. Willis, deceased, (of Virginia ancestry) late of this city and formerly of Georgia. See Southern Historical Society Papers, Vol. Xvii—Lee Monument Memorial Volume, pp. 160-167—for further testimony as to<
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), John Yates Beall, gallant soldier (search)
isons, and less than nine per cent. of Federal prisoners in Confederate hands died in southern prisons. The North had unlimited means for medical aid, but the South was badly in need of medicine and comforts. The Federal Government declared medicine a contraband of war, which is the only government ever known to have resorted to such harsh means. The Confederate Government urged an exchange of prisoners, which would have relieved much suffering, but the Federal government declined. General Grant asserted in 1864, that an exchange of prisoners would defeat his plan of attrition, depleting Confederate ranks; that when a Confederate was captured his place could not be replenished, whereas the North could easily furnish two men for every Federal soldier captured by Confederates. Clearly the responsibility rests with the North in regard to the long confinement of prisoners. Prison life is not pleasant under the best conditions. The South gave the prisoners what the Confederate sol
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The crisis of the Confederacy (search)
ience in war—for England has had none of any consequence since the Crimean—it is but natural that the author should have fallen into some errors. His opinion that Grant was great in strategy, but not strong in tactics, is exactly the reverse of the view taken in America. I think Swinton, the historian of the Army of the Potomac, characterizes Grant's repeated frontal attacks during the Overland campaign—notably at Cold Harbor—as a reductio ad absurdum in hammering. The recoil of the hammer was vastly more destructive than the blow. In estimating the numerical strength of the opposed armies, and their losses in battle, Captain Battine certainly often er. For instance, at Cold Harbor in June, 1864, he puts down the Federal losses at seven thousand and the Confederate at four to five thousand, but in point of fact Grant's casualties reached to about fourteen thousand and Lee's did not exceed fourteen hundred. Thus ended in bloody defeat for the Federals the thirty days Overland
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.19 (search)
ult from the land forces of General Banks and Augur, fighting only as Confederate soldiers could fight, and holding out even after Vicksburg had surrendered to General Grant. If ever there be a future historian who is truthful and unprejudiced, it is to be hoped that General Frank Gardner, the brave defender of Port Hudson, and th country from Confederate control. Port Hudson was thus temporarily relieved. It was at this crisis that Griersons raid was undertaken, under direction of General Grant. The entire Confederate force in the State bordering on the Mississippi was then being gathered together to meet the terrific blow which Grant was preparing tGrant was preparing to strike at Vicksburg. Thus the way was open for one of those bold cavalry raids for which heretofore only the Confederates had distinguished themselves; Van Dorn, Forrest and Morgan had set the example which was to be followed by Colonel Grierson, in a bold movement from LaGrange, Tennessee, through the State of Mississippi to Ba
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), General Lee at Gettysburg. (search)
vance on the Confederate capital, and by so much prolonged the hope of independence. A great soldier. Was General Robert E. Lee really a great soldier and a great commander? One might call the roll of the distinguished Federal commanders who, with large advantage of numbers, equipment, resources, credit, and backed by great States, populous and rich, came out to try conclusions with him. They were George B. McClellan, John Pope, Ambrose Burnside, Joseph Hooker, George Meade, and Ulysses Grant, before whose almost unlimited numbers, at last, the Army of Northern Virginia, without reinforcement, without ammunition and without supplies, fought itself down to nothing. Another answer might be the battles he fought on the Chickahominy, and in the defence of Richmond; of the Second Manassas, of Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, and again on the Chickahominy, and the defence of Petersburg. Across these fields are written imperishably the ge
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The last charge at Appomattox. (search)
me space in your valuable paper I will tell the story as I saw it. On the morning of the 9th, at 7 o'clock, Gen. Fitzhugh Lee's division of cavalry, commanded by Gen. T. T. Munford, made a detour to the right of our army, passing in the rear of Gen. Grant's forces until we reached the road leading from Appomattox to Lynchburg, our forces skirmishing with the enemy the entire route. When the Lynchburg road was reached Companies C and F of the First Virginia Cavalry were ordered in the directiohen I noticed that the enemy had ceased firing. An officer was seen coming down the road with a white flag. The firing ceased; we met the officer and he introduced himself as Captain Sheridan, of General Custer's staff. He informed us that Generals Grant and Lee were holding a conference looking to the surrender of General Lee's army. He asked us to cease firing until the result of the conference was made known. This we believe to have been the last blow struck and the last shot fired in de
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Twelfth Alabama Infantry, Confederate States Army. (search)
ound out, needlessly. There are rumors that Grant is mining towards our fortifications, and attethe right of our line. Appearances go to show Grant's inclination to besiege rather than charge Gethought it was a grand flank movement in which Grant was to be outgeneraled as McClellan was, and Lring expedition was no doubt accomplished, and Grant was forced to send large re-enforcements to tht, but the delay brought heavy battalions from Grant, ten times our small number, who could have re are in the army), as well as Early's troops. Grant and he have resolved to make this fertile vall is reported to have large reinforcements from Grant. Our own ranks are thinner than at any time snd 17th. It seems to be a strategic point. Grant is with the ruthless robber Sheridan to-day, aen parts of General Lee's army and that of General Grant, was not a great distance from the old Chae two great leaders manoeuvered for advantage, Grant continuing his flank movement while Lee kept i[3 more...]
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.33 (search)
in the neighborhood of Spotsylvania Courthouse that the distinct points of the address may be clearly brought forth, without confusion or mixing with those of other dates. After the battles of the Wilderness, the army of the Potomac, under General Grant, moved to the left towards Spotsylvania. The army of Northern Virginia, under General Lee, also moved and confronted the Northern army, and, on the 8th of May, had an engagement with it near Spotsylvania Courthouse. On the 10th of May portied early on the morning of the 18th, with the retirement of the Confederate pickets and skirmishers, and the advance of the Federal infantry in the several formations referred to in the reports. That this was a matured plan, settled upon by Generals Grant and Meade, and attempted in execution in a determined manner to carry the Confederate works on Ewell's front, the following quotations from the published official records fully establish: Major-General Humphrey's, Chief of Staff to General
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.37 (search)
esident, are signals of peace and love. They are heralds proclaiming that the veteran soldiers of the North and South love their enemies for the glory of God, and have united in friendship for the honor of the great American Republic. Our flag of glory fly no more Where 'mid mad battle's thunder-roar We brothers slay! Glow love in souls where once glared ire! Then never will a star expire Until the heavens in final fire Have passed away! We rally again to recount actions and recall memories of war in a spirit of friendly rivalry, which will shed luster on the Army of Northern Virginia and the Army of the Potomac in degrees humilitating to neither. Let the truth come, and the American soldier who stood with Lee and Jackson will be found by the future historian as true and patriotic as the soldier who fought with Grant and Hancock; and the cause of the South shall be pronounced absolutely right and just under the Constitution, to which George Washington affixed his signature.
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