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t Lieutenant-Colonel Washington with his own regiment, and two hundred mounted riflemen under Maccall, to attack them. Coming up with them at about twelve o'clock on the thirtieth, 30. Washington extended his mounted riflemen on the wings, and charged them in front with his own cavalry. The tories fled without resistance, losing one hundred and fifty killed and wounded, and about forty who were taken prisoners. Cornwallis, who, when joined by the reenforce-ment sent from New York under Leslie, could advance with thirty-five hundred fighting men, Tarleton's Campaigns, 242 and 210. was impatient of the successes of Morgan, and resolved to intercept his retreat. On the second of January, 1781, he 1781. Jan. 2. ordered Tarleton with his detachment to pass Broad river, and to push him to the utmost. No time, wrote he, is to be lost. Ibid., 214. Tarleton answered by promising either to destroy Morgan's corps, or push it before him over Broad river towards King's Mountain; and
unction with the British troops on the Chesapeake. Morgan divined his thoughts, and on the twenty-fifth 25. wrote to Greene the advice to join their forces. Chap. XXIII.} 1781. Jan. 30. Receiving this letter, Greene, attended by a few dragoons, rode across the country, and on the thirtieth arrived in Morgan's camp at Sherrald's ford on the Catawba. Leaving Lord Rawdon with a considerable body of troops to defend South Carolina, Cornwallis, having formed a junction with the corps under Leslie, began his long march, avoiding the lower roads, there being so few fords in the great rivers below their forks. On the twenty-fifth, he collected his army at Ram- 25. sower's mill, on the south fork of the Catawba. Here he resolved to give up his communications with South Carolina and to turn his army into light troops. Two days he devoted to destroying superfluous baggage and all wagons except those laden with hospital stores, salt, and ammunition, and four reserved for the sick and wo
r. In like manner, on the eighth of the same month, Cornwallis, in reply to Clinton, reasoned earnestly against a defensive post in the Chesapeake. It cannot have the smallest influence on the war in Carolina: it only gives us some acres of an unhealthy swamp, and is Chap. XXV.} 1781. July. for ever liable to become a prey to a foreign enemy with a temporary superiority at sea. Thoroughly disgusted with the aspect of affairs in Virginia, he asked leave to transfer the command to General-Leslie, and for himself to go back to Charleston. Meantime transport ships arrived in the Chesapeake: and, in a letter which he received on the twelfth, he was desired by his chief so to hasten the embarkation of three thousand men that they might sail for New York within forty-eight hours; for, deceived by letters which were written to be intercepted, he believed that the enemy would certainly attack that post. But the judgment of Clinton was further confused by still another cause. The expec
t Jacksonborough, on the Edisto. In the legislature were many of those who had been released from imprisonment, or had returned from exile. Against the advice of Gadsden, who insisted that it was sound policy to forget and forgive, laws Chap. XXVIII.} 1782. July 11. were passed banishing the active friends of the British government, and confiscating their estates. The Americans could not recover the city of Charleston by arms. The British, under the command of the just and humane General Leslie, gave up every hope of subjugating the state; and Wayne, who was satiate of this horrid trade of blood, and would rather spare one poor savage than destroy twenty, and Greene, who longed for the repose of domestic life, strove to reconcile the Carolina patriots to the loyalists. The complaints of Greene respecting the wants of his army were incessant and just. In January, he wrote: Our men are almost naked for want of overalls and shirts, and the greater part of the army barefoot. I