presented her bill for schooling Mrs. Butterfield's three children and received on Jan. 10, 1798, an order on the Treasurer for $6.84. The town passed the same vote regarding the payment of tuition in 1799, again in 1800, and also in 1801, when they voted that the Interest of the money Received for the land left the Town by Isaac Royal Esq. be applied to pay the Schooling of such Children whose Parents are unable to pay for them.
Payments for tuition of young children were made from 1798 to 1822, even after the establishment of free primary schools.
The teachers of private schools who received payment from the town during this time were as follows in the order of their appearance on the books of the selectmen: Eliza Francis, Sally Tufts, Prudence Foster, Mrs. Johnson (?), Mrs. Benj. Pratt, Rebecca Blanchard, Susanna Usher, Abigail Simonds, Lucy Shedd, Hannah Greenleaf, Bethiah Hatch, Harriet Greenleaf, Betsey Stimpson, Susan Hall, Elizabeth M. Bradbury, Nancy Fulton.
Mrs. Johnson v
notoriously unpopular, it was either unfinished or at least not published.
A copy of it came into the possession of the Centinel and was published as an interesting source of local history.
That portion relating to Medford is here given in full:
Houses.Families.Males under 16.Females under 16.Males over 16.Females over 16.Negroes.Total
10414716115020722349790 The negroes thus constituted one-sixteenth of the population of the town in 1765.
By way of comparison it may be added that in 1822 Medford had 1,474 inhabitants; in 57 years it had failed to double its population.
As the ratio of whites to blacks in the colony at large was 45:1, it is seen that Medford had an unusually large negro population.
So far as I have found records, a strong, able-bodied negro was worth, in 1700, about £ 18. In the inventory of Maj. Jonathan Wade's property appears the following asset:
5 negroes£ 97; and elsewhere in his papers is the record: 2 negroes that died appraised @ £ 35.