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Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 23.,
Medford turnpike
Corporation. (search)
ident out of their own body. About halfway between the Medford and Charlestown line and the toll house there was a private way leading from the farm of E. H. Derby The Temple estate or Ten-hill farm of Governor Winthrop. to Broadway, now known as Temple street in Somerville. Certain persons desirous of avoiding the climb over Winter Hill and also desirous of avoiding the payment of toll, were in the habit of using the Medford end of the turnpike and passing through the private way to Broadway, and on their return passing over the same route. The proprietors of the road petitioned the General Court for additional legislation to put a stop to this practice. An act was passed March 8, 1808, providing that from and after the passage of this Act, if any person with a team, carriage, cattle or horses shall turn out of or into the road of the Medford Turnpike Corporation with an attempt to avoid any toll established by law, such persons shall forfeit and pay three times as much as th
ther side was either filled by tidewater or would mire him if he attempted to cross to the public road before reaching the toll-gate. Though there were a few bridges across the intervening canal, they were private property, and their approaches closed. There was one, however, beyond the Rock, that gave trouble, and special legislation was secured to protect the company from the Shunpikers that made a practice of evading toll by using General Derby's lane across Ten Hills farm to present Broadway. Between this and Ploughed hill (later known as Mt. Benedict) was the dyked marsh and clay land, with numerous brickyards. The site of some of these later became a nuisance, abated by the city of Somerville in the early seventies by the making of its park and widening of Broadway. On the summit of Ploughed hill was, in 1826, erected the convent of St. Ursula, burned by a mob from Boston on the night of August 1, 1834. It is said that the courage of the rioters was largely increased by
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 23., The mills on the Medford turnpike. (search)
ain Nathan Adams respecting the flow of water at the Culvits. These culvits were the stone bridges built to carry the causey or turnpike road over Two-penny and Winter brooks. Both had their source in Somerville, and flowed through the southern corner of Medford into Mystic river. The latter is now mostly subterranean at Tufts park. The former has lately been before our Board of Aldermen for alleged misconduct. Its source is on the southern slope of College (Walnut Tree) hill, near Broadway, and its course through the Tufts athletic field can easily be traced, but often innocent of water Passing beneath the railroad its course (when it has any, as in recent years) is changed somewhat, See register, Vol. XIX, p. 13, Com. of J. H. Hooper. but returns to the old, before crossing the highway, and at the turnpike widens, and is the Canal cut from Medford river wherein a lighter can come up, See register, Vol. XVI, p. 77. once belonging to Isaac Royall. It does not appear t
Medford. Counsel for Cambridge stated to the committee that he had not anticipated any opposition to the petition, and invited them to view the premises and examine the conditions therein. The committee accepted the invitation, and joined by the Medford committee, made investigation. It concluded that the subject demanded favorable action, but agreed to insert a section in the bill to safeguard the interests of the town of Medford, viz., Section 2 of Chapter 193 of the Acts of 1874. The Broadway tide-gates were erected near the Broadway bridge over Alewife brook. They were constructed by the city of Cambridge (by an agreement with the town of Arlington) in 1875, and were in use up to the time of the completion of the Metropolitan sewer in 1897. The town of Medford never experienced any discomfort from the sewage from Alewife brook. All the insoluble portions were deposited in the tortuous channel of the brook and they created a nuisance therein. That, together with the unsani
ge of the old Broughton mill-site, the old Dunster house, changing the course of Menotomy river, passing through the Somerville appendix and only entering Medford at Auburn street. By the taking of this riverside by the Metropolitan Park Commission came later the sale of several houses, and their removal, but prior to that three others, built in 1873 and 1875, were removed for similar cause as those on Beach street. One even took a journey, in 1877, over the Usher bridge into Arlington, via Broadway to Curtis street (the Somerville continuation of Medford's Winthrop) where it now stands, near the western corner of the reservoir, in West Somerville. It was a notable incident, for in its journey it was in three municipalities, and only lacked a few rods of being in Medford again. But before this triple exodus, owing to the extension of Brooks street (from Irving to High) the barn of Samuel Teele, Sr., was moved to Arlington street, as an adjunct to one of those houses. When that hous