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From Winchester.[special correspondence of the Dispatch.] Winchester. July 16, 12M., 1861. Since this time yesterday everything has been in movement here, incident to an advance of Gen. Patterson's command. Yesterday morning 300 of Col. Stuart's cavalry charged on one regiment of Patterson's infantry, about six miles this side of Martinsburg. The infantry fired before the charge was made. Immediately after the fire the cavalry made the charge, fired their revolvers, and then retreated. Col. Stuart's horse was shot from under him. The lines of infantry were broken as the charge was made, the infantry retreating behind a post and rail fence, which could not be easily broken down, and over which the cavalry could not pass. Other regiments were in sight, and also some heavy artillery. This information was given me by a member of the Clarke Cavalry, who was in the charge and who came to Winchester for another horse for Col. Stuart. The gentleman could give no account of th
n case the enemy should make his way this far, is past comprehension. If there is any city in the South which they would sack and pillage it would be this very town of ours, so beautiful, so wealthy, so true to the Southern cause, and by its manufactures so far surpassing all other places in its capacity for furnishing munitions of war for Southern defence. Even the disloyal class of our people would be heavy sufferers by such a misfortune, and, like the Submissionists in Romney and Martinsburg, would find themselves robbed and outraged along with the rest of the community. An unscrupulous and lawless soldiery would not stop to inquire of the antecedents of the owner of a splendid mansion, filled with costly plate. It would be sufficient for them to know that he was an Eastern Virginian and a Richmonder, to commence upon him the work of plunder. In view of all the contingencies that may happen in a short time, it behooves our authorities to push forward the defences of th