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Troubles In Sparta And perhaps my observation may receive some support from ancient history. For, among many other indications, it is a fact that the Messenians did set up a pillar close to the altar of Zeus Lycaeus in the time of Aristomenes,The hero of the second Messenian war, B. C. 685-668 (Pausan. 4, 14-24). The story told by Pausanias, who also quotes these verses, is that Aristocrates, king of the Arcadians, twice played the traitor to Aristomenes, the Messenian champion: once at the battle of the Great Trench, and again when Aristomenes renewed the war after his escape from the Pits at Sparta; and that on the second occasion his own people stoned him to death, and set up this pillar in the sacred enclosure of Zeus on Mount Lycaeus. according to the evidence of Callisthenes, in which they inscribed the following verses: A faithless king will perish soon or late! Messene tracked him down right easily, The traitor:—perjury must meet its fate; Glory to Zeus, and life to Arcady! T