Browsing named entities in a specific section of Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.).
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Blind, applying this
name to the Chalcedonians, who, although they were the first
persons to arrive in these parts, had omitted to take possession
of the opposite side, which afforded such great resources of
wealth, and chose the barren coast.
We have continued our description to Byzantium, because
this celebrated city,The ancient Byzantium, there are grounds for believing, was marked
by the present walls of the Seraglio. The enlarged city was founded by
the emperor Constantine, A. D. 328, who gave it his name, and made it the
rival of Rome itself. It was taken from the Greeks in 1204, by the Venetians under Dandolo; retaken by the Greeks in 1261 under the emperor Michael Palæologus, and conquered by the Turks in 1453. The
crescent found on some of the ancient Byzantine coins was adopted as a
symbol by the Turks. by its proximity to the mouth of the
Euxine Sea, forms a better-known and more remarkable
termination of an account of the coast from the Danube than
kind of limit, the mouth of the Pontus, which will be useful
both for our present and our future descriptions.
If we set out from the Sacred mouth of the Danube, having
on the right hand the continuous line of coast, we find at the
distance of 500 stadia, Ister,Istropolis or Kara-Herman. a small town founded by Mile-
sians; then Tomis,Tomesvar. another small town, at the distance of
250 stadia; then Callatis,Mangalia. a city, a colony of the Heracleotæ,
at 280 stadia; then, at 1300 stadia, Apollonia,Sizepoli. a colony of
Milesians, having the greater part of the buildings upon a
small island, where is a temple of Apollo, whence Marcus
Lucullus took the Colossus of Apollo, the work of Calamides,
and dedicated it as a sacred offering in the Capitol. In the
intermediate distance between Callatis and Apollonia, is Bizone, a great part of which was swallowed up by an earthquake; Cruni;Baltchik, near Kavarna. Odessus,Varna. a colony of Milesians; and Naulochus, a small t