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it is due to lack of care on the part of the translator, or to an excessive fidelity to the original, cannot be determined; but the general characteristics of Alexandrian poetry would lead us to refer the fault to Callimachus himself. The theme, a compound of court tradition and of astronomical knowledge, is as follows: Berenice, daughter of Magas, king of Cyrene, and wife of her cousin Ptolemy Euergetes (reigned 247-222 B.C.), king of Egypt, had for her husband's safety vowed to the gods a lock of her hair, when, shortly after his accession to the throne and marriage, the king was setting out on an expedition against Syria. Upon his safe return the vow was paid, and the tress deposited in the temple of the deified Arsinoe on the promontory of Zephyrion. Next morning, however, it had disappeared; but the anger of the king was appeased by the court astronomer, Conon, who said that
accession to the throne and marriage, the king was setting out on an expedition against Syria. Upon his safe return the vow was paid, and the tress deposited in the temple of the deified Arsinoe on the promontory of Zephyrion. Next morning, however, it had disappeared; but the anger of the king was appeased by the court astronomer, Conon, who said that he had descried it among the stars, where it must have been placed by divine agency. ToOv. Met. 13.600ff.). Arsinoes: Arsinoe was the sister-wife of Ptolemy Philadelphus, and was worshiped under the attributes of Aphrodite in a temple erected to her honor on the promontory of Zephyrion, between Alexandria and Canopus, whence she was called Zephyritis. No satisfactcry emendation of elocridicos has yet been proposed. ales equus: according to Pausanias Arsinoe was represented
Conon (United Kingdom) (search for this): text comm, poem 66
B.C.), king of Egypt, had for her husband's safety vowed to the gods a lock of her hair, when, shortly after his accession to the throne and marriage, the king was setting out on an expedition against Syria. Upon his safe return the vow was paid, and the tress deposited in the temple of the deified Arsinoe on the promontory of Zephyrion. Next morning, however, it had disappeared; but the anger of the king was appeased by the court astronomer, Conon, who said that he had descried it among the stars, where it must have been placed by divine agency. To verify his words Conon pointed out the hitherto undistinguished minor constellation which is now known as Coma Berenices.—Date, about 59 B.C. (cf. introductory note to c. 65). omnia qui: the antecedent clause begins in v. 7. dispexit: descried; as distinguishing in the darkness, or amid the multitude of
Alexandria (Egypt) (search for this): text comm, poem 66
ei= sunelqou=sa gevva=| pai=das *)hmaqi/wna kai\ *me/mnona , who was apparently identified mythically with the ostrich (cf. v. 54) as was Memnon himself with a certain species of black hawk (cf. Ov. Met. 13.600ff.). Arsinoes: Arsinoe was the sister-wife of Ptolemy Philadelphus, and was worshiped under the attributes of Aphrodite in a temple erected to her honor on the promontory of Zephyrion, between Alexandria and Canopus, whence she was called Zephyritis. No satisfactcry emendation of elocridicos has yet been proposed. ales equus: according to Pausanias Arsinoe was represented riding upon an ostrich; Paus. 9.31.1 th\n de\ *)arsino/hn strouqo\s fe/rei kalxh= tw=n a)pth/nwn . aetherias umbras: it was in the night that the lock disappeared. With aetherias in the sense of
construction of moods in Verg. Ecl. 3.16 quid domini faciant, audent cum talia fures? Chalybon: etc. cf. Callim. Frag. 35e *xalu/bwn w(s a)po/loito ge/nos, geio/qen a)nte/llonta kako\n futo\n oi(/ min e)/fhnan ; Hor. S. 2.1.42 o pater et rex Iuppiter, ut pereat positum robigine telum . The Chalybes here referred to are undoubtedly not those of Spain, but the tribe of iron-workers in Pontus; cf. Xen. Anab. 5.5.1 a)fiknou=ntai ei)s *xa/lubas. ou(=toi o)li/goi te h)=san kai\ o( bio/s h)=n toi=s plei/stois au)tw=n a)po\ sidhrei/as. fingere: the verb, usually applied to easily worked substances (such as wax and clay), is strongly contrasted with duritiem; the Chalybes worked against nature in learning to dig iron from the concealing earth, and to m
in acknowledgment ot past favors, while the new vow was made for the future; or they may have been part of the vow to be paid in the future; cf. in either case the votorum nuncupatio of the Roman consuls at their entry upon office, and Hannibal's offering (Liv. 21.21.9). tetulisset: see Catul. 34.8n. Asiam: Ptolemy ravaged Asia Minor and the eastern districts, at least as far as the Euphrates; cf. Inscr. of Adule; Just. 27.3. caelesti reddita coetu: the lock speaks from its final resting-place among the stars, passing over the brief interval of deposit in the temple of Zephyritis. On the form coetu see Catul. 34.8n. pristina: of the past. novo: of the present; the lock has but lately reached its present seat, and is explaining to its mistress the cause
.16 quid domini faciant, audent cum talia fures? Chalybon: etc. cf. Callim. Frag. 35e *xalu/bwn w(s a)po/loito ge/nos, geio/qen a)nte/llonta kako\n futo\n oi(/ min e)/fhnan ; Hor. S. 2.1.42 o pater et rex Iuppiter, ut pereat positum robigine telum . The Chalybes here referred to are undoubtedly not those of Spain, but the tribe of iron-workers in Pontus; cf. Xen. Anab. 5.5.1 a)fiknou=ntai ei)s *xa/lubas. ou(=toi o)li/goi te h)=san kai\ o( bio/s h)=n toi=s plei/stois au)tw=n a)po\ sidhrei/as. fingere: the verb, usually applied to easily worked substances (such as wax and clay), is strongly contrasted with duritiem; the Chalybes worked against nature in learning to dig iron from the concealing earth, and to mould its hardness so wonderfully into form.
tive genius shows so little through it. Whether the obscurity of some passages in it is due to lack of care on the part of the translator, or to an excessive fidelity to the original, cannot be determined; but the general characteristics of Alexandrian poetry would lead us to refer the fault to Callimachus himself. The theme, a compound of court tradition and of astronomical knowledge, is as follows: Berenice, daughter of Magas, king of Cyrene, and wife of her cousin Ptolemy Euergetes (reigned 247-222 B.C.), king of Egypt, had for her husband's safety vowed to the gods a lock of her hair, when, shortly after his accession to the throne and marriage, the king was setting out on an expedition against Syria. Upon his safe return the vow was paid, and the tress deposited in the temple of the deified Arsinoe on the promontory of Zephyrion. Next morning, however, it had disappeared; but t
Macedonia (Macedonia) (search for this): text comm, poem 66
referring to this passage, says that Berenice (whom he calls the daughter of Ptolemy Philadelphus) once saved her father's life by mounting a horse and rallying his wavering troops. But this would not have won her husband. The reference is doubtless to the story told by Justin (Just. 26.3) that Berenice's mother was opposed to her betrothal to Ptolemy, and desired to marry her rather to Demetrius, brother of Antigonus, king of Macedonia. Demetrius, however, formed a criminal connection with the mother, and was assassinated by a band of conspirators, at whose head stood Berenice, who thereby was enabled to fulfil her former engagement. coniugium = maritum; cf. Catul. 68.107; Tac. Ann. 2.13.3 matrimonia ac pecunias hostium praedae destinare . quod … alis: i.e. a deed which none other would dare, and prove him
Canopus (Egypt) (search for this): text comm, poem 66
| pai=das *)hmaqi/wna kai\ *me/mnona , who was apparently identified mythically with the ostrich (cf. v. 54) as was Memnon himself with a certain species of black hawk (cf. Ov. Met. 13.600ff.). Arsinoes: Arsinoe was the sister-wife of Ptolemy Philadelphus, and was worshiped under the attributes of Aphrodite in a temple erected to her honor on the promontory of Zephyrion, between Alexandria and Canopus, whence she was called Zephyritis. No satisfactcry emendation of elocridicos has yet been proposed. ales equus: according to Pausanias Arsinoe was represented riding upon an ostrich; Paus. 9.31.1 th\n de\ *)arsino/hn strouqo\s fe/rei kalxh= tw=n a)pth/nwn . aetherias umbras: it was in the night that the lock disappeared. With aetherias in the sense of aerias cf.
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