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Guadalcanal (Spain) (search for this): narrative 900
heir ships boate they found out betweene nine and fifteene degrees of Southerly latitude eleven great Islands being one with another of 80 leagues in compasse. The greatest Island that they discovered was according unto the first finder called Guadalcanal , on the coast whereof they sayled 150 leagues, before they could knowe whither it were an Island or part of the maine land: and yet they know not perfectly what to make of it, but thinke that it may be part of that continent which stretcheth to the Streights of Magellan; for they coasted it to eighteene degrees and could not find the ende thereof. The gold that they found was upon this Island or maine land of Guadalcanal , whereas they landed and tooke a towne, finding small graines of golde hanged up in the houses thereof. But because the Spaniards understood not the language of the countrey, and also for that the Indians were very stout men, and fought continually against them, they could never learne from whence that gold came, no
aptaines by land to discover it, for a rumour went over all the countrey of the great riches contained in this river; whereupon the Spaniards named it El Dorado, that is to say, The golden river. It is thought that God will not have this river to be knowen, for that one Captaine by lande had most of his people slaine by those of the countrey, and others for want of victuals returned. So that none of all these came to any plaine discovery, till a few yeeres past a Captaine of the countrey of Navarre called Pedro de Orzua, who went from Peru almost the same way that Gonsalo Pizarro had before discovered, and was accompanied with about some seven hundred Spaniards, it being a great marvell how he could get so many, amongst whom were many Gentlemen and old souldiers of Peru, who caused divers mutinies and insurrections, as hereafter I will more at large declare, which mutinous souldiers were the cause of their captaines death. Howbeit with all these men captaine Pedro de Orzua came unto t
Brazil (Brazil) (search for this): narrative 900
ited by Spaniardes or Portugals, till you come to Fernambuck upon the coast of Brasil ; notwithstanding that betweene the sayd Iland and Fernambuck runneth the mightason for that which they alleage concerning the extension of the said coast of Brasil . Wherfore the king of Portugall gave this land to diverse of his gentlemen to and munition. This fleete because it set late foorth, wintered on the coast of Brasil in the river of Jenero. Winter being past, they set sayle from hence, and aboustrained the second time to returne unto the river of Jenero upon the coast of Brasil ; where he heard newes of the English ships by the two Spanish ships that escapim, set forth to seeke the Englishmen; but having runne along all the coast of Brasil hee could not finde them, because they were gone directly for England . Whereusion in her. From thence hee passed by land to Baya where the governour of Brasil bought him a barke that lay in the harbour, lading the same with victuals and
China (China) (search for this): narrative 900
y were sought for. The Portugales therefore having first found and conquered the East Indies, and discovered the coast of China , with the Ilands of the Malucos, (all which places abound with gold, precious stones, silkes, and other rich commodities)Espanna called Don Luis de Velasco caused certaine ships to be built for the discovery of the Malucos and of the coast of China : which shippes in sayling thitherward found certaine Islands 80 leagues distant from the maine land, which the Spaniards, with a barbarous kind of people, they built a fort and a towne thereupon, from whence they have trade with the people of China . Unto these Islands they have foure great ships that usually trade, two of them continually going, and two comming: so thkes as the Portugals bring home out of the East Indies, the very same doe the Spaniards bring from these Islands and from China , for Mexico the chiefe citie of Nueva Espanna. The principall port-townes of the coast of Nueva Espanna are Guatulco, an
Concepcion (Paraguay) (search for this): narrative 900
, and killed two of his men, and hee himselfe was wounded in the face. Going from thence hee passed by the towne of Concepcion not knowing the place, and so to Valparizo which is the port of Sant Iago, where hee found a ship laden with a kind ofation for helpe, they wanne the fort, and slewe all the Spaniards. The newes of this overthrow comming to the towne of Concepcion where Captaine Baldivia was, hee presently set foorth with two hundred horsemen to seeke the Indians, taking no moreces of ordinance which hee brought. The Indians having thus gotten the victorie, went streightway against the towne of Concepcion , from whence the Spaniards fled for feare, and left the towne desolate. And in this maner were the Spaniards chased byder the Spaniards subjection, newly erected the said fort that stoode in the midst of the land, inhabited the towne of Concepcion againe, and built other townes for the Spaniards: and so leaving the land in peace, hee returned for Peru. But yer hee
noas to take some one small barke or other that sayled to and againe in the North sea , whereby they might the better shift for themselves: but before they had finitiers of Chili, Peru, and Nuevo reino de Granada , even unto the shore of the North sea at Santa Martha, as I have before signified. It is a wonder to behold the excpeople very discreete and gentle: but all the coast towardes Brasill upon the North sea is poore, whereas never yet was found any commoditie of account, and the peops in all the world: and most part of the land from the said mountaines to the North sea is called Brasill, being a mountainous countrey, where as yet was never f but the danger to seeke these Streights by the South sea is more then by the North sea , because all the stormes of the North sea come from the land, but in the SouNorth sea come from the land, but in the South sea all the windes and stormes come off the sea, and force the ships to run upon the leeshore, insomuch that the sayd two ships were cast away in fiftie degrees.
Buena (Spain) (search for this): narrative 900
ast hath bene rich with emralds: but now since these stones in regard of their plenty are growen nothing worth, this towne likewise is waxen very poore. Below this village standeth another called La Buena Ventura: but whosoever go thither must needs meet with evill fortune, the place it selfe is so waterish and unholesome. Here abide not above 20 men, who serve onely to transport goods unto a citie standing fiftie leagues within the maine, in a province called La governacion de Popaian. From Buena ventura and Popaian till you come to Panama there is no other towne, by reason of the high mountaines, the manifold rivers, and the unholesomenesse of the countrey. In this place doe inhabite the Negros that runne from their masters, and upon these mountaines was Oxnam the English Captaine and his men taken, as is before mentioned. Beyond these mountaines standeth the citie of Panama, being a rich place, by reason that all the treasure which commeth from Peru is brought thither, and it consi
Juca (Ceara, Brazil) (search for this): narrative 900
nd being (as is beforesaide) destitute of the first inhabitants, and the Spaniardes lacking men to worke in their Ingenios, and to looke unto their cattell, they were forced to bring Negros thither out of Guinea, where they have so increased, that the Iland is nowe as full of them, as it was of the naturall inhabitantes; so that the Spaniardes carrie Negros from this Iland to the maine lande and there sell them. The chiefest victuall that they have in this Iland, is a kinde of roote called Juca , which being eaten as it commeth new out of the ground is present death: but first they boyle it and after presse it, and the liquor that is strained therefrom is deadly poyson: howbeit this roote being pressed so dry, that there remaineth no moisture in it, they mingle and temper the same with water and so make cakes therof, which are very savory & good to eat, & this is all the bread which they have in those Ilands. There go from hence yerely into Spaine 7 or 8 ships at the least full frai
England (United Kingdom) (search for this): narrative 900
returned to his ship, and so to have gone for England . The Spanish captaine having heard this discover of Plate, they were taken by two ships of England that were going for the streights of Magellaning provided two ships and three pinnesses in England , he proceeded on his voyage, and comming to t, who passing many dangers returned home into England . But Francis Drake himselfe ranne with this s that are likely to ensue betweene Spaine and England . Now the ships that were sent by the Vicerrse he kept from this coast till he came into England I know not of certainety, and therefore I wilor that there were more ships making ready in England to passe the sayd Streights, the king sent Dieir merchandize: and so they returned home to England without doing any harme in the countrey. The nde them, because they were gone directly for England . Whereupon shaping his course unto a port calken in the way by Englishmen, and caried into England . This Sarmiento hath caried the name to be t
Solis (Uruguay) (search for this): narrative 900
lis, who passed up 100 leagues into it, and called it by the name of Rio de la Plata, that is to say, The river of silver, because of the fine and cleare water that is in it, for I have not heard of any silver that ever was found there. The saide Solis returned into Spaine, without any further search into this river: howbeit another Captaine called Sebastian Cabota went up this river 150 leagues, and built a fort, which fort standeth untill this present: where leaving his ships, he went higher five ships setting saile from S. Lucar, he came to the coast of Brasill, where at that time two places were inhabited by Portugales, and so sayling on along that coast he passed by the river of Plate, which river was discovered a little before by Solis . And notwithstanding many stormes, and great mutinies among his companie, he came at length unto 48 degrees, to the Southwards of the river of Plate: where he found an harbour, which he named Puerto de Sant Julian, and wintered there: and there a
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