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PORTA APPIA the modern Porta S. Sebastiano (Ill. 39), a gate in the Aurelian wall through which the VIA APPIA (q.v.) passed (DMH). All the gates in this wall were named from the roads which passed through them with the possible exception of the PORTA METROVIA (q.v.). Its name is still given correctly in the twelfth century by Magister Gregorius (JRS 919, 21, 46). It is mentioned frequently during the Middle Ages under several variant names, corruptions of Appia (T ix. 32.35). The existing structure dates for the most part from the rebuilding of Honorius, with various later additions (Jord. i. I. 366; LS ii. 59 ; Reber 538). The lowest part consists of an arch, flanked by square towers, faced with marble blocks that were evidently taken from other buildings, perhaps in part from the neighbouring temple of MARS (q.v.). Both the porta Appia and the porta Flaminia originally had double arches of blocks of travertine, divided by a central pier (as in the porta Portuensis), traces o