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Scotland County, Mo. (Missouri, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
nd feeling even more in danger from marauders in the secret chambers of their own domicil. During this drunken reign of horrors, innocent people were shot down upon their door sills, called into their gardens upon pretended business, butchered and left lying, that their families might not know their whereabouts uutil their bodies were decomposed. Women were ravished, houses burned, plantations laid waste. Judge Richardson was shot whilst in the courthouse in which he presided, in Scotland county. Rev. Wm. Headlee, a minister of the gospel, was shot upon the highway; and all of these murderers, robbers and incendiaries, are yet a large. Dr. Glasscock, a physician, was dragged from his own house by soldiers, under pretence of taking him to court as a witness, against the earnest prayers of his children and slaves, was shot, mangled, disfigured and mutilated, then brought to his own yard and thrown down like a dead animal. To prevent punishment by law, these criminals repeal
York (Canada) (search for this): chapter 4.21
nt of our soldiers while in the hands of the enemy. The Tribune of May 17th, 1865, tells the real condition of feeling at that moment, and unequivocally shows that it was not favorable to Mr. Davis on this matter. At the instance of Mr. Greeley, Mr. Wilson and, as I was given to understand, of Mr. Stevens, I went to Canada the first week in January, 1866, taking Boston on my route, there to consult with Governor Andrew and others. While at Montreal, General John C. Breckinridge came from Toronto, at my request, for the purpose of giving me information. There I had placed in my possession the official archives of the Government of the Confederate States, which I read and considered — especially all those messages and other acts of the Executive with the Senate in its secret sessions concerning the care and exchange of prisoners. I found that the supposed inhuman and unwarlike treatment of their own captured soldiers by agents of our Government was a most prominent and frequent top
Charleston Harbor (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
r — was sold by prisoners to each other for five cents per glass. Every few yards there was a beer stand. Beer was drank in the place of water — the latter article being very warm, and at times very brackish. While at Fort Delaware we were kept on the rack by alternate hope and disappointment. Rumors, that never came to anything, of an immediate general exchange, were every day occurrences. On the 20th of August, 1864, six hundred of us were selected and sent to Morris' Island, in Charleston harbor, to be placed under the fire of our own batteries. We were in high spirits at starting, for we firmly believed .we were soon to be exchanged for a like number of the enemy in Charleston, In some instances men gave their gold watches to some of the lucky ones, as they were termed, to be allowed to go in their places. On the evening of the 20th we were all (600) stowed away between decks of the steamer Crescent. Bunks had been fixed up for us. They were arranged in three tiers along t
Opelika (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
on. Their pitiable suffering and mournful stories were sickening, and would crimson the cheek with unutterable shame and horror. No words can portray the picture that he saw with his own eyes. Swollen gums, teeth dropping from the jaws, eyes bursting with scurvy, limbs paralyzed, hair falling off of the heads, frozen hands and feet. These were those that escaped. The dead concealed the crimes of the murderers in the grave which was closed upon them, by hundreds. W. C. Osborn, of Opelika, Alabama, states that he was captured on the 4th of July, 1863, and confined in Fort Delaware; that the rations were three crackers twice a day; most of the time no meat at all, but occasionally a very small piece of salt beef or pork. That he drank water within fifteen feet of the excrement of the fort, and could get no other. When cold weather returned the beds of each man were searched, and only one blanket left him. The barracks were inferior, and men froze to death in the terrible winter
Henry county (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
oldest weather. These crimes against the persons of the prisoners, and their starvation, were carefully concealed from the public eye, and the Philadelphia papers made every effort to deceive the public in regard to these matters. On inspection days, when the people were admitted to the grounds, the prisoners got three times as much as upon other days. This was done to delude the people of the country, who never had any sympathy with these horrible crimes. Presley N. Morris, of Henry county, Georgia, was captured by Wilder's brigade, was divested of everything, marched five days on one meal each day, carried through filthy cars to Camp Morton, Indiana, on the 19th of October, 1863, where he was imprisoned in an old horse stable on the Fair Ground, without blanket, thinly clad, and without fire, until January, 1864, when he received one blanket; his body covered with rags and vermin, when the snow was from six to ten inches deep. Two stoves were all that was used to warm three h
Point Lookout, Md. (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
Waring was removed from Carroll prison to Point Lookout, where the prisoners were detailed to loads Hill, Virginia, September, 1864; sent to Point Lookout, which was in the care of one Brady, who hce, (Lexington), who was my bunk-mate from Point Lookout until we were released, and he says that ato Baltimore, thence we went by steamer to Point Lookout. Here I drank to the dregs the cup of Hopd forever. The greater part of my time at Point Lookout was passed in the hospital, where I was vefeel grateful to her for it. We arrived at Point Lookout at night, and mustered for.examination nex, published a volume on his prison life at Point Lookout and Elmira, which we would be glad to see Lookout: The routine of prison-life at Point Lookout was as follows: Between dawn and sunrise aas the regulation which always obtained at Point Lookout, and which I believe was peculiar to the p the matter of clothing, the management at Point Lookout was simply infamous. You could receive no[12 more...]
Port Royal (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
upon the indifference with which I swallowed the physic. I told him I would take another dose for another glass of water, which he was kind enough to give me minus the salts. It was strange that none of us died during this trip. I can account for it only by the fact that we were sustained by the hope every one had of being soon exchanged and returning home. Our skins, which were much tanned when we started, were bleached as white as possible during this trip. We lay for some days off Port Royal, while a pen was being made on Morris' Island in which to confine us. While at anchor, three of our number attempted their escape. They found some life preservers somewhere in the ship. With these they got overboard in the night, swam some eight or ten miles, when two of them landed; the third kept on swimming, and I have never heard of him since. The other two got lost among the islands and arms of the sea, and after scuffling and suffering for three days were re-captured and brought b
Fishers Hill (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
ir persons. Desolation was left in the trail of these men. An aged and respectable minister was hanged in Middletown, Virginia, by military order, for shooting a soldier in the attempt to violate his daughter in his own house in Greenbrier county. David Nelson, of Jackson, was shot because his son was in the Confederate army. Another person named Peters, a mere boy, was shot for having a pistol hidden. Garland A. Snead, of Augusta, Georgia, said he was taken prisoner at Fisher's Hill, Virginia, September, 1864; sent to Point Lookout, which was in the care of one Brady, who had been an officer of negro cavalry. He was starved for five days, had chronic diarrhea; was forced to use bad water, the good water being refused them. Men died frequently of sheer neglect. He was sent off to make room for other prisoners, because he was believed to be in a dying condition; as it was manifestly the purpose to poison all that could be destroyed by deleterious food and water, or by
Hope Springs (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
y few minutes the kitten was in frying order. Our guards were not allowed to relieve our sufferings, but they frequently expressed their sympathy. The Colonel himself told us it was a painful duty to inflict such suffering, but that we knew he was a soldier and must obey orders. The 3d of March, 1865, dawned upon us ladened with rumors of a speedy exchange. The wings of hope had been so often clipped by disappointment, one would have thought it impossible for her to rise very high. Hope springs, etc., received no denial in our case. Each man was more or less excited. Strong protestations of belief that nothing would come of it were heard on all sides. But the anxiety manifested in turning the rumor over and over, the criticisms upon the source from which it came, and especially the tenacity with which they clung to it in spite of professed disbelief, showed that in the hearts of all the hope that deliverance was at hand had taken deep root. On the 4th the order came to be re
Columbus, Ky. (Kentucky, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
ctised in Northern prisons never came to light. The victor monopolized the story of suffering as well as the spoils. I arrived at Rock Island prison, Illinois, on the 16th January, 1864, in company with about fifty other prisoners, from Columbus, Kentucky. Before entering the prison we were drawn up in a line and searched; the snow was deep, and the operation prolonged a most unreasonable time. We were then conducted within the prison to Barrack No. 52, and again searched — this time any sl John H. Morgan and his officers would be placed in close confinement, he.informed me two months afterwards, that the United States authorities had nothing to do with the treatment that General Morgan and his command received when imprisoned at Columbus. 5. Papers from forty-eight to fifty-seven, inclusive, relate to the detention of surgeons. Before the date of the cartel, surgeons were unconditionally released after capture. That rule was first adopted by the Confederate commanders, and
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