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Great Barrington (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
tander would call out: Don't throw that away, give it to some of the poor Pulaski prisoners. The fall of Richmond, Lee's surrender, and, finally, the capitulation of Johnston's army, soon swept from us every hope of a Southern Confederacy. But one course remained, viz: swear allegiance to the Government in whose power we were. Upon doing this, I was released on the 13th of June, 1865. We next give the following extract from a private letter, written August 4th, 1865, from Great Barrington, Massachusetts, by a Confederate officer, to a lady of Richmond, the full truth of which can be abundantly attested: I was captured on Tuesday, the 4th of April, near evening. Some four hundred or more, that had been collected during the day, were marched a few miles and stowed away for the night in a small tobacco barn. The next morning we were told that if we could find any meat on the remains of three slaughtered cattle (that had already been closely cut from) we were welcome. No bre
West Virginia (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
ho bore his musket during the whole war, inherited a woodland tract, and built up a substantial home in the midst of Western Virginia. His was only one of a class which swept over West Virginia, and left the beautiful valleys of Tygart and the PotWest Virginia, and left the beautiful valleys of Tygart and the Potomac rivers in ashes and desolation. It is to pay for crimes like these, and keep in employment the men who committed them, that created the debt now weighing the people down. It was to pay such monsters, with their tools, that money was refunded by the General Government to the State of Missouri and West Virginia, and the taxes saddled upon the people of the country. The following letter gives its own explanation: Macon, Georgia, October 7, 1867. Henry Clay Dean, Mount Pleasantrever they were caught by the negroes with the utmost impunity. N. D. Hall, of Larkinville, Alabama, a soldier of Western Virginia, during Hunter's, Crook's and Averill's horrible desolation of Virginia, says that the rebels found a negro man and
Danville (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
ners were neglected in sickness; straw and other necessaries were declared contraband. That suffering from thirst was common, right on the shores of the lake-bound prison. That the rations were indifferent in quality and insufficient in quantity to satisfy hunger. Rats were eaten by hundreds of prisoners, who regarded themselves fortunate to get them, such was the reduced condition of the prisoners. That Colonel Hutter's brother, an officer in the Confederate army, on duty in Danville, Virginia, went to Lieutenant Bingham and agreed to furnish him with all of the comforts of life, if he would have the necessaries furnished Colonel Hutter through his friends at home. Colonel Hutter had Lieutenant Bingham furnished with everything he desired, and when arrangements were made to furnish similar articles to Colonel Hutter, on Johnson's Island, Hill would not permit it. When the matter was referred to Washington, the refusal was sustained. The above abbreviated statement has be
Maryland (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
the Elmira prison for the Rebel soldiers. Ex-Medical officer United States army. We could multiply such statements as are given above almost indefinitely. We have the diary of the prison experience of Rev. L. W. Allen (a prominent Baptist minister of Virginia), the diary of Captain Robert E. Park, of Georgia, the narrative of Benjamin Dashiels, of Colonel Snowden Andrews' Maryland Artillery, who was most inhumanly punished at Fort Delaware for refusing to give the names of friends in Maryland who were secretly ministering to the suffering prisoners, and a number of other Mss., which all go to prove the points we have made. Indeed, it would be a very easy task to compile from Mss. in our possession several large volumes on the cruelties of Federal prisons. But we cannot now go into this subject more fully. Nor can we now even touch upon the cruelties practiced towards civil prisoners who were arrested by the United States authorities on mere suspicion, and treated with the utm
Fortress Monroe (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
with the vim inspired by bound for Dixie. We reached Fort Monroe on the third day. By this time the filth in the ship wasof envy. I remember hardly anything of our passage from Fort Monroe to Fort Delaware. A gloom too deep for even the ghost ouarters Department of Virginia, Seventh Army Corps, Fort Monroe, Virginia, April 8, 1863. Hon. Robert Ould, Agent for Exchang the map, you will see that Fort Delaware is en route to Fort Monroe. It is used as a depot for the collecting of prisoners,hausted, and then for equivalents. If you had been at Fortress Monroe, where you could have seen the cartel, instead of New ith General Butler, and accordingly Judge Ould went to Fortress Monroe and had a protracted interview with him. To do Generalt. Mr. Davis himself, recently taken prisoner, was at Fortress Monroe; and the most conspicuous special charge threatened agdually; and a short time after this Mr. Wilson went to Fortress Monroe and saw Mr. Davis. The visit was simply friendly, and
Alexandria (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
mes as bondsmen of persons who had conspicuously opposed the war of secession. This was found quite easy; and Mr. Gerrit Smith and Commodore Vanderbilt were selected, and Mr. Greeley, in case his name should be found necessary. All this could not have been accomplished had not those gentlemen, and others in sympathy with them, been already convinced that those charges against Mr. Davis were unfounded in fact. So an application was made on June 11, 1866, to Mr. Justice Underwood, at Alexandria, Virginia, for a writ of habeas corpus, which, after argument, was denied, upon the ground that Jefferson Davis was arrested under a proclamation of the President charging him with complicity in the assassination of the late President Lincoln. He has been held, says the decision, ever since, and is now held, as a military prisoner. The Washington Chronicle of that date insisted that the case is one well entitled to a trial before a military tribunal; the testimony before the Judiciary Committ
Chicago (Illinois, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
giment; was sent to Camp Morton; and corroborates the statement of Mr. Morris in regard to Camp Morton. He was soon, after his capture, sent to Camp Douglas near Chicago. In this place the prisoners were shot at by sharpshooters and Indians; sometimes were kept in close confinement for forty-eight hours. Sometimes a half dozen pr That denial was made necessary in consequence of the following letter, which appeared in the New York News in January, 1865: [from a private Letter.]Chicago, Illinois, December 27, 1864. * * * The condition and suffering of the Rebel prisoners at Rock Island is a source of agony to every heart not absolutely dead to theo be right? This exposure was denounced by a Chicago paper as An infamous Rebel falsehood, and an attempt to justify the Rebels in starving our prisoners. The Chicago journalist may be excused on the ground of ignorance, but not so the officers of the prison; as principals or as tools they committed this outrage on humanity for
Savannah (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
d reason to credit. What I now relate are facts: Mr. Horace Greeley received a letter, dated June 22d, 1865, from Mrs. Jefferson Davis. It was written at Savannah, Georgia, where Mrs. Davis and her family were then detained under a sort of military restraint. Mr. Davis himself, recently taken prisoner, was at Fortress Monroe; dily vindicated. To this letter Mr. Greeley at once forwarded an answer for Mrs. Davis, directed to the care of General Burge, commanding our military forces at Savannah. The morning of the next day Mr. Greeley came to my residence in this city, placed the letter from Mrs. Davis in my hand, saying that he could not believe the cn its hands — refused to exchange sick and wounded — and neglected from August to December, 1864, to accede to Judge Ould's proposition to send transportation to Savannah and receive without equivalent from ten to fifteen thousand Federal prisoners, notwithstanding the fact that this offer was accompanied with a statement of the u
Greenbrier (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
tion of Virginia, says that the rebels found a negro man and child, both dead, and a negro woman stripped naked, whose bleeding person had been outraged by Averill's men. That Averill's men offered to give to Dr. Patton's wife, in Greenbrier county, West Virginia, fifteen negro children which they had stolen, and which she refused to take from them. To rid themselves of the burden, and the children from suffering, they were thrown into Greenbrier river. In the valley below Staunton, Crookn of their persons. Desolation was left in the trail of these men. An aged and respectable minister was hanged in Middletown, Virginia, by military order, for shooting a soldier in the attempt to violate his daughter in his own house in Greenbrier county. David Nelson, of Jackson, was shot because his son was in the Confederate army. Another person named Peters, a mere boy, was shot for having a pistol hidden. Garland A. Snead, of Augusta, Georgia, said he was taken prisoner at Fis
Brandywine (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 4.21
nsane were in like manner tortured. An old gentleman named Fitzgerald, infirm and insane, who ate opium to alleviate his pain, was denied his medicine for which he begged, until death kindly came to open the prison doors and release him from his agony. The prisoners say that Foster instigated these cruelties. The names and references of the parties clothe the whole statement with an unmistakable semblance of truth. The corroboration is conclusive. John L. Waring, of Brandywine, Prince George's county, Maryland, states that he was a prisoner of war for more than two years; that a private soldier killed in his presence an inoffensive prisoner in Carroll prison, who sat by the window, and was promoted from the ranks to corporal for the crime. Forney's Chronicle, in noticing the death, and apologizing for the crime, falsely stated that young Hardcastle, the prisoner killed, was cursing the guard. The room-mate of Hardcastle, who, like Hardcastle, had been arrested upon no char
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