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all and Perry were finally discharged without charges or trial. In the persons of these gentlemen, were violated all the rights of freedom of person, of the press, of speech, and finally they were starved, and released after enduring the most offensive insults at the hands of a cowardly enemy. This crime transpired in California, where war had not gone, and their imprisonment was without pretence. T. Walton Mason, of Adairville, Logan county, Kentucky, says that he was surrendered by General Jno. Morgan, in Ohio, July 26th, 1863, and imprisoned at Camp Chase, then removed to Camp Douglas, where all of the horrors of that place were revived. In this camp Choctaw Indians were employed as guards. When money was given to the guards to buy provisions, they would pocket the money. The Indians shamed the whites for this breach of faith and petty theft. In November, 1863, seven escaped prisoners were returned, and subjected to the most cruel torture. They were taken out in the prese
Joseph Hetterphran (search for this): chapter 4.21
wo men in ward twenty-two were starved until they eat a dog, for which offence they were severely punished. That negroes were placed on guard. That while on guard, a negro called a prisoner over the dead line, which the prisoner did not recognize as such, and the negro shot him dead, and went unpunished. That shooting prisoners without cause or provocation, was of frequent occurrence by the negro guards. This affidavit was taken before Daniel Jackson, Justice of the Peace. Joseph Hetterphran, from Fayetteville, Georgia, writes that he was captured on the 27th of January, 1864, in East Tennessee; searched and robbed with his companions of everything. They were hurried by forced marches to Knoxville, nearly frozen and starved; were then confined in the penitentiary, where the treatment all the time grew worse; were finally taken to Rock Island, where he had no blanket, was stinted in fuel, food and raiment. In this horrible place the prisoners ate dogs and rats. The poor
money; all of which, I presume, arises from the unreasonableness of the rebs, who are not aware that they have no rights which Yankees are bound to respect. Friday, June 17th.--A salute of thirteen guns heralded this morning the arrival of General Augur, who commands the department of Washington. About twelve M., the general, with a few other officials, made the tour of camp, performing, in the prevailing perfunctory manner, the official duty of inspection. Nothing on earth can possibly be more ridiculous and absurd than the great majority of official inspections of all sorts; but this banged Bannagher. General Augur did not speak to a prisoner, enter a tent, peep into a mess-room, or, so far as I saw, take a single step to inform himself how the pen was managed. Weymouth probably fixed up a satisfactory report, however, when the general's brief exhibition of his new uniform to the appalled rebs was over. Visited all my comrades to-day, and, with one exception, found th
Henry Wilson (search for this): chapter 4.21
dge Shea, at the instance of Mr. Greeley and Vice-President Wilson, went to Canada to inspect the journals of ted to me, from recollecting conversations with Mr. Henry Wilson, the previous April, while we were together atr of war. I did consult with such friends, and Mr. Henry Wilson, Governor John A. Andrew, Mr. Thaddeus Stevens on this matter. At the instance of Mr. Greeley, Mr. Wilson and, as I was given to understand, of Mr. Stevensy me and submitted to Mr. Greeley, and in part to Mr. Wilson. The result was, these gentlemen, and those othe indictment for treason. In aid of this project, Mr. Wilson, chairman of the Committee of Military Affairs, otime, and necessarily caused people to infer that Mr. Wilson, at least, was not under the too common delusion . Davis individually; and a short time after this Mr. Wilson went to Fortress Monroe and saw Mr. Davis. The vaccuracy. These men — Andrew, Greeley, Smith and Wilson — have each passed from this life. The history of
ing, contained no reference to them. I inquired at the dispensary, where the reports were first handed in, the cause of this anomaly, and learned that Dr. Sanger would sign no report which ascribed to any of these diseases the death of the patient! I concluded that he must have committed himself to the harmlessness of the lagoon in question, and determined to preserve his consistency at the expense of our lives — very much after the fashion of that illustrious ornament of the profession, Dr. Sangrado, who continued his warm water arid phlebotomy merely because he had written a book in praise of that practice, although in six weeks he made more widows and orphans than the siege of Troy. I could hardly help visiting on Dr. Sanger the reproaches his predecessor received at the hands of the persecuted people of. Valladolid, who were sometimes very brutal in their grief, and called the doctor and Gil Blas no more euphonious name than ignorant assassins. Any post in the medical, depar
of harsh treatment, and the papers which he presents show that the officers who have had him in charge have rendered him every facility in submitting his appeal. * * * * * * * * * If Mr. Seward was misled by this statement in regard to my treatment, he was certainly undeceived when he received the British minister's note, dated October 20th, of which I have given an extract. The wretched condition of the prisoners at Rock Island was well known to the citizens of Rock Island City and Davenport. At the request of Judge Grant of the latter city, on the 20th of September, 1864, I made a faithful statement of the treatment and condition of the prisoners; and for this purpose, in company with others, I visited a number of barracks. The bread and the meat were carefully weighed, and the quality of the food truthfully reported. The judge desired a plain statement, without exaggeration or comment, to use in an effort he was about to make at Washington to ameliorate the condition of
with one exception, found them all suffering like myself from exhausting diarrhea, induced by the poisonous water. In his narrative of prison life at Elmira, after speaking in. high terms of the kindly feeling towards the prisoners shown by Major Colt, the commandant of the prison, Mr. Keiley writes as follows: In the executive duties of his office, Major Colt was assisted by fifteen or twenty officers, and as many non-commissioned officers, chiefly of the militia or the veteran reservesMajor Colt was assisted by fifteen or twenty officers, and as many non-commissioned officers, chiefly of the militia or the veteran reserves. Among them were some characters which are worth a paragraph. There was a long-nosed, long-faced, long-jawed, long-bearded, long-bodied, long-legged, endless-footed, and long-skirted curiosity, yclept Captain Peck, ostensibly engaged in taking charge of certain companies of rebs, but really employed in turning a penny by huckstering the various products of prisoners' skill — an occupation very profitable to Peck, but generally unsatisfactory, in a pecuniary way, to the rebs. Many of them h
Bushrod Johnson (search for this): chapter 4.21
ers, because he was believed to be in a dying condition; as it was manifestly the purpose to poison all that could be destroyed by deleterious food and water, or by neglect of their wants. He said that negroes fired into their beds at night; and one was promoted for killing a prisoner, from the ranks to sergeant. Claiborne Snead, of Augusta, Georgia, writes from Johnson's Island, that prisoners were frequently shot without an excuse; that prisoners having the small-pox were brought to Johnson's island on purpose to inoculate the rest of the prisoners, and that many died of that disease; a crime for which civilized government visits the most terrible penalties. Yet this disease, thus planted, was kept there until it had spent its force. That the rations were bad, and prisoners went to bed suffering the pangs of hunger. That although Lake Erie was not one hundred yards distant, yet these prisoners were forced to drink from three holes dug in the prison bounds, surrounded by
is time kept informed of each movement as made to liberate Mr. Davis, or to compel the Government to bring the prisoner to trial. All this took place before counsel, indeed before any one acting on his behalf, was allowed to communicate with or see him. The Tribune now, at once, began a series of leading editorials demanding that our Government proceed with the trial; and on January 16, 1866, incited by those editorials, Senator Howard, of Michigan, offered a joint resolution, aided by Mr. Sumner, recommending the trial of Jefferson Davis and Clement C. Clay before a military tribunal or court-martial, for charges mentioned in the report of the Secretary of War, of March 4, 1866. It will be interesting to mention now that if a trial proceeded in this manner, I was then creditably informed, Mr. Thaddeus Stevens had volunteered as counsel for Mr. Clay. After it had become evident that there was no immediate prospect of any trial, if any prospect at all, the counsel for Mr. Davis
M. E. Smithpeter (search for this): chapter 4.21
he 9th March, 1864, twenty-nine men had died in the hospital from my barrack, which did not have its full complement of men. I noted the names of the men to that date. They are the following: R. Shed, T. J. Smith, Allen Screws, D. W. Sandlin, Joe Shipp, D. L. Trundle, J. H. Wood, J. J. Webster, J. J. Akins, Thomas Pace, William Tatum, W. H. Dotson, W. R. Jones, C. E. Middleton, R. R. Thompson, William T. St. John, Samuel Hendrix, Jere. Therman, E. Stallings, E. Sapp, Thomas Burton, M. E. Smithpeter, J. M. Ticer, J. L. Smith, John Graham, T. W. Smallwood, Jonathan Faw, G. L. Underwood, C. R. Mangrum. Now assuming the barrack contained one hundred and twenty men, which was its full complement, the death rate to March 9, 1864, was twenty-five per cent. The provost marshal's abstract for May 12, 1865, has the following figures: Number of prisoners received, 12,215 Died,1,945  Entered United States navy,1,077  Entered United States army, (frontier service),1,797  Released,
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