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Cumberland City (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
er before the enemy appeared. Floyd proposed to withdraw Buckner's troops from Donelson to Cumberland City, where the railroad diverged from the river, whence a retreat might be easily made to Nashvhat is absolutely necessary for the fort, I think (General Buckner concurs), ought to be at Cumberland City, whither we go from all directions. At 10.30 P. M., February 12th, General Johnston agahe best disposition to make of the troops on this line was to concentrate the main force at Cumberland City-leaving at Fort Donelson enough to make all possible resistance to any attack which may be Nashville, without any obstruction whatever. He proposed, therefore, to concentrate at Cumberland City, and threaten the flank of any force attacking the fort; while, as the railroad diverged frw styles it, began at dawn on the 13th. Floyd arrived before daylight with the troops from Cumberland City; but, before they had taken position, the fighting had begun. Thursday morning, the 13t
Hopkinsville, Ky. (Kentucky, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
mmand at Fort Donelson. Next day, on account of the attack at Fort Henry, Pillow was ordered to move from Clarksville, with all the troops there, to Donelson, and assume command. Brigadier-General Clark was also charged to move at once from Hopkinsville to Clarksville with his command, something over 2,000 men; and Floyd was directed to take his force from Russellville to Clarksville without a moment's delay. Floyd was given authority to determine his movements as he might think judicious; a Cumberland. The aggregate of this force has been variously stated. General Johnston estimated it at 17,000, thus: Garrisons of Henry and Donelson5,000 Floyd's and Buckner's command8,000 Pillow's, from Clarksville2,000 Clark's, from Hopkinsville2,000 17,000 To these must be added Polk's reinforcements, not included in Tilghman's returns-1,600 men-making 18,600 men. The generals commanding at Donelson estimated the force there at from 12,000 to 15,000 men. General Brown, General
Tennessee (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
urances of an improved and improving condition of affairs. Senator Bailey of Tennessee, then colonel of the Forty-ninth Tennessee Regiment, informs the writer that Decide. Answer. Floyd replied: I am moving all my troops except two Tennessee regiments, as fast as it is possible with the means at command. The force, eel J. E. Bailey, of the Forty-ninth Tennessee, now United States Senator from Tennessee, commanded the garrison. It was in bad plight from cold, hunger, and protracoyd the immense consequences of its loss, no less than a surrender of the State of Tennessee, Floyd, perceiving that to stand still was a bolder policy than to attackater. An army was demolished; nearly one-half of the Confederate soldiers in Tennessee were killed, captured, or scattered; the line of defense was broken, so as to open the whole of Kentucky, and a great part of Tennessee, to the Federal arms; Bowling Green, Nashville, Columbus-all were turned; and the valley of the Cumberland
Fort Heiman (Kentucky, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
rigade of Colonel Heiman, about 1,700 strong. Heiman's position, as he himself describes it, was asdown to a ravine, and was heavily timbered. Heiman's brigade was arranged as follows, from right h the oak-woods until it found itself opposite Heiman's position, near the Confederate centre. His day was thirty-nine in killed and wounded. Heiman's position has already been described. A saliuard. While the combined attack was going on, Heiman was to hold his own position with his brigade s for a final assault, hurled Pillow, Buckner, Heiman, the garrison-all-upon the crowded front and fpoint of the fight, Pillow, finding himself at Heiman's position, heard of (or saw) preparations by the Forty-second Tennessee, also came up from Heiman's position, and helped Hanson defend the seconndergo a loss of one-third without a shudder. Heiman's entire brigade, at the least 1,575 strong, to o'clock he drew up the left wing, including Heiman's brigade, for the sally. By 3 A. M. it was p[7 more...]
Charlotte (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
orce it was possible for him to spare from his position; when it was no longer possible to hold that place, to evacuate the position and march the army by way of Charlotte to Nashville. General Pillow's recollection of his verbal orders is sustained by the correspondence, telegraphic and by letter, between General Johnston and mously, in view of the arrival of heavy reinforcements of the enemy below, to make an immediate attack upon their right, in order to open our communications with Charlotte in the direction of Nashville. It was urged that this attack should be made at once, before the disembarkation of the enemy's reenforcements-supposed to be abouthe Confederate army, except eight regiments, was to move out of the trenches, attack, turn, and drive the Federal right until the Wynn's Ferry road which led to Charlotte, through a good country, was cleared, and an exit thus secured. In this movement, Buckner was to assist, by bringing his command to the left of Heiman's positio
Hoover's Gap (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
balance of the company, forty-two men, were drivers, teamsters, and artificers, protected in a ravine at some distance from the battery. Captain Porter was educated at Annapolis, and was an officer in the United States Navy up to the breaking out of the war, when he resigned his position in the navy and returned to his native State, Tennessee, to offer his services in her behalf. He served during the war as chief of artillery to Buckner, and afterward to Cleburne, and was wounded at Hoover's Gap. He subsequently entered the Confederate Navy as executive officer of the Florida. After the war he commanded a California merchant-steamer, and died in 1869. He was a kind and cultivated gentleman, and a gallant soldier. His young lieutenant, Morton, before the close of the war became chief of artillery to General Forrest. Darkness separated the combatants. Jordan, in his Life of Forrest (page 86), calls the works gained, the mere narrow foothold seized on the extreme right of t
Cumberland (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
le, and take the remainder, if possible, to Donelson to-night. Take all the ammunition that can be spared from Clarksville. The force at Elkton and Whippoorwill Bridge has been ordered to Clarksville. Three hours later, Floyd replied from Cumberland: I anticipated your order, which overtook me here shipping the balance of the troops from this point to Fort Donelson. I will reach there before day, leaving a small guard here. On the 13th, at 9.50 A. M., Floyd telegraphed from Fortt, their road would be open to Nashville, without any obstruction whatever. He proposed, therefore, to concentrate at Cumberland City, and threaten the flank of any force attacking the fort; while, as the railroad diverged from the river at Cumberland, he could effect a retreat to Nashville without molestation from gunboats. The radical defect of this plan was that it assumed that no resistance could be offered to the approach from Henry, and that Donelson must be yielded without resista
Fort Pillow (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
ed, and satisfactory trial of all my guns. Pillow wrote to Floyd to the same effect. He stated Johnson, whom-he had superseded. The right of Pillow's line was held by the brigade of Colonel Heimhe following solution as an hypothesis merely: Pillow, more sanguine than the other two, believed hesee, however, was in the trenches out of which Pillow's troops had marched, an hour before daylight ther artillery, a severe fire was kept up. Pillow sent messages urging Buckner to attack; and abr put into the fight. What occurred was this: Pillow ordered the regiments which had been engaged td, hearing his arguments, yielded to them. Pillow says, in his supplemental report: I knewwas made by Smith; and then Hanson, who, under Pillow's direct orders, preceded the rest of Buckner'ring the siege. Floyd estimated it at 1,500. Pillow, in his supplemental report, put it at 2,000. responsibility of which he would not assume. Pillow probably adhered to his opinion, but did not i[27 more...]
Tennessee River (United States) (search for this): chapter 32
proving condition of affairs. Senator Bailey of Tennessee, then colonel of the Forty-ninth Tennessee Regiment, informs the writer that the restoration of confidence among the men in the power of the garrison to resist the passage of the gunboats was chiefly due to Lieutenant Dixon, who lost his life during the siege. On February 8th Buckner conveyed to General Johnston information, derived from friends in Louisville, that there were not more than 12,000 Federals on the Curberland and Tennessee Rivers. In fact, the strength of the movement against Donelson was not developed. To meet it, General Johnston sent a force, which he estimated moderately at 17,000 men, reserving for himself only 14,000 men to perform the more delicate task of retiring before a larger army, ably commanded. Even after reinforcing Grant with thirteen regiments, General Buell, had left seventy regiments of infantry, besides artillery and cavalry-fully 55,000 men. Certain is it, therefore, that General Johnsto
Bowling Green (Indiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
nston's headquarters to leave any doubt of their ability to move overwhelming forces on both Bowling Green and Donelson. Still, if the line of the Cumberland could be maintained from Nashville to Donce of Buell. Floyd was sent to Russellville, with orders to protect the railroad line from Bowling Green to Clarksville. It was added: He must judge from after-information whether he shall mlson; and they make it almost as plain that the attempt would have been equally as futile at Bowling Green. This subject will be briefly considered, however, in its proper place. But there was n gives the present writer the following information: The orders of General Johnston at Bowling Green, delivered personally, were for me to proceed directly to Donelson, to assume command of the-diseases and the losses incident to winter campaigning. He found that, in the retreat from Bowling Green to Nashville, his own army fell off from 14,000 to 10,000 effectives. At Donelson there wer
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