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Fort Donelson (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
Chapter 28: Fort Donelson. Preparations for defense. concentration. Federal strength. ushrod R. Johnson was placed in command at Fort Donelson. Next day, on account of the attack at Foom Clarksville, with all the troops there, to Donelson, and assume command. Brigadier-General Clare balance of the troops from this point to Fort Donelson. I will reach there before day, leaving a3th, at 9.50 A. M., Floyd telegraphed from Fort Donelson: The enemy's gunboats are advancing.e main force at Cumberland City-leaving at Fort Donelson enough to make all possible resistance to egraphed Halleck: I shall take and destroy Fort Donelson on the 8th, and return to Fort Henry. Badeau says, This was the first mention of Fort Donelson, whether in conversation or dispatches, betwere thus paralyzed by the rigor of the season, Donelson was not permitted to enjoy a day of rest. Fotle more than one-half of the defenders of Fort Donelson went into Northern prisons. Badeau, in es[10 more...]
West Point (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
n's Forty-first Tennessee, followed the movement. In all this fighting, Graves's battery was splendid in its gallantry and efficiency. Rice E. Graves was a model soldier; inflexible and fervent in duty, a noble Christian and patriot. He left West Point to enlist in the Southern cause, and no man of his years and rank aided it more. He died at his guns at Chickamauga, as Breckinridge's chief of artillery. It was then, at last, that Wallace's brigade, isolated by Buckner's movement on its it, and assigned the duty to that fine old soldier. Whose suggestion it was, Grant's or Smith's, has been made subject of dispute. No matter: the inspiration was a good one. C. F. Smith was a soldier of the old school; a graduate of 1825 from West Point, where he was afterward commandant of the corps when Grant was a cadet. He was frequently brevetted in Mexico; and got promotion, as lieutenant-colonel of the Tenth Infantry, from Mr. Davis, when he was Secretary of War. The vicissitudes of l
Fort Henry (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
Your report of the effect of shots at Fort Henry should encourage the troops, and insure our ed from our shot. The effect of our shot at Fort Henry was not sufficient to disable them, or any otroy Fort Donelson on the 8th, and return to Fort Henry. Badeau says, This was the first mention of, January 31st: I have ordered an advance on Fort Henry and _Dover. It will be made immediately. Hey 2d, It is only proposed to take and occupy Fort Henry and Dover, etc. Buell, however, had recommenbad in the marshy country immediately around Fort Henry; but, after the first mile or two, they were. After leaving the bottom-lands around Fort Henry, a broad, good road, built by Tilghman, passat of opposing no obstacle to the march from Fort Henry. While these operations were going on ate, who had also brought over the troops from Fort Henry. Part of them were landed before daylight; eat confidence, based on their experience at Fort Henry; but, although the number of guns opposed to[10 more...]
Donelson (Indiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
m (February 7th) that we had troops enough at Donelson, and that they are powerless to resist the guccess at Fort Henry by an immediate attack on Donelson, took his measures on the supposition that Dolmer, after his escape from Henry, stopped at Donelson; and, with General Johnston's authority, engapplies. Under the circumstances, the army at Donelson might well be thought sufficient. At all eveuty of the hour was to concentrate rapidly at Donelson, dispute vigorously the roads from Henry, forreat along its south bank, and then fight for Donelson as became men who held the gateway to the lanmaking 18,600 men. The generals commanding at Donelson estimated the force there at from 12,000 to 1s force at 10,000 men. They were to land near Donelson, and cooperate with the army that marched acr itself along the entire Confederate front at Donelson. McClernand's division was on the Federal rie combats in the shadows of the dark woods of Donelson, and in those bosky valleys, where the snows [21 more...]
Louisville (Kentucky, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
ne in temper, saw difficulties vanishing, and gave assurances of an improved and improving condition of affairs. Senator Bailey of Tennessee, then colonel of the Forty-ninth Tennessee Regiment, informs the writer that the restoration of confidence among the men in the power of the garrison to resist the passage of the gunboats was chiefly due to Lieutenant Dixon, who lost his life during the siege. On February 8th Buckner conveyed to General Johnston information, derived from friends in Louisville, that there were not more than 12,000 Federals on the Curberland and Tennessee Rivers. In fact, the strength of the movement against Donelson was not developed. To meet it, General Johnston sent a force, which he estimated moderately at 17,000 men, reserving for himself only 14,000 men to perform the more delicate task of retiring before a larger army, ably commanded. Even after reinforcing Grant with thirteen regiments, General Buell, had left seventy regiments of infantry, besides art
Columbus, Ky. (Kentucky, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
ility of the boats themselves . .. With the preparations that are now being made here, I feel much confidence that we can make a successful resistance against a land-attack. The attack by water will be more difficult to meet. Still, I hope for success here also ... We are making Herculean efforts to strengthen our parapets, making narrow embrasures with sand-bags. He also announced the landing of troops. Pillow wrote at the same time: This position can be made stronger than Columbus is now, by water, if we had more heavy artillery. The advantage is in the narrowness of the stream, and the necessity of the boats approaching our works by a straight and narrow channel for one and a half mile. No more than three boats could possibly bring their guns to bear upon our position at once; thus admitting the construction of very narrow embrasures. A difference of opinion arose between Pillow and Floyd as to the proper disposition of the troops, Buckner concurring with Floyd
Bowling Green (Kentucky, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
ccountability, more of which will appear hereafter. It is difficult to over-estimate the consequences to the Federal arms of the surrender of Donelson. The material results were great; but, great as they were, the moral effects were still greater. An army was demolished; nearly one-half of the Confederate soldiers in Tennessee were killed, captured, or scattered; the line of defense was broken, so as to open the whole of Kentucky, and a great part of Tennessee, to the Federal arms; Bowling Green, Nashville, Columbus-all were turned; and the valley of the Cumberland was rendered untenable. But, mighty as was the disaster, its consequences on the minds of the parties to the civil strife were still more ominous to the Confederate cause. Where now were the impregnable fortifications, said to be guarded by 100,000 desperate Southerners; where now the boasted prowess of troops, who were to quail at no odds; where the inexhaustible resources that were to defy all methods of approach?
Henry, Tenn. (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
dable. Indeed, the success of the gunboats at Henry had produced an exaggerated impression of thein were much demoralized by the transactions at Henry, and this was true. They were the rawest milisistance could be offered to the approach from Henry, and that Donelson must be yielded without resat Donelson, dispute vigorously the roads from Henry, fortify as strongly and speedily as possible, estimated it at 17,000, thus: Garrisons of Henry and Donelson5,000 Floyd's and Buckner's comma00. Let us now turn to the Federal army at Henry. Grant, elated by success, telegraphed Hallec the army that marched across the country from Henry. On the same day Grant sent forward his vateries; and he left a garrison of 2,500 men at Henry. He marched unincumbered with tents or baggag i., p. 36. The column which marched from Henry was composed of two divisions, commanded by Gemmanders, composed of troops sent forward from Henry, and others transported by way of the Cumberla[1 more...]
United States (United States) (search for this): chapter 32
y, and Hoppin's Life of Foote, give the Federal version of this conflict. Colonel Jordan shows conclusively, in his Life of Forrest, pages 67-69, the Federal superiority in armament. began about 3 P. M., on Friday, the 14th of February. The United States flotilla consisted of the four heavy-armored iron-clad gunboats St. Louis, Carondelet, Pittsburg, and Louisville, thirteen guns each, and the gunboats Conestoga, Taylor, and Lexington, nine guns each. Any one of these boats was more than a mfilade the faces of the fort with broadsides. Hoppin's Life of Foote, p. 222. The gunboats opened at a mile and a half distance, and advanced until within three or four hundred yards. Colonel J. E. Bailey, of the Forty-ninth Tennessee, now United States Senator from Tennessee, commanded the garrison. It was in bad plight from cold, hunger, and protracted watching, but was resolute in spirit. Captain Culbertson, a West Point graduate, commanded the artillery after the death of Dixon. Under
Virginia (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 32
tes passed another bitter cold night in the trenches, waiting for the morrow's conflict. The troops, moving in the small hours of the night, over the icy and broken roads, which wound through the obstructed area cf defense, made slow progress, and delayed the projected operations. Before daybreak the skirmishers had opened along the line. Morning was to see bloody work. Pillow occupied himself chiefly with the right brigades of his command, where Baldwin led the attack, the two small Virginia brigades supporting. His left, composed of Simonton's and Drake's brigades and Forrest's cavalry, was confided to Bushrod Johnson, who here first proved himself a hard-hitter — a character he bore throughout the war. At 4 A. M., on Saturday, the 15th of February, Pillow's troops were ready, except one brigade, which came into action late. the battle of Dover was so called by General Pillow from its initial point. Baldwin's brigade began it. Moving out, in the order of the day before,
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