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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Colonel William Preston Johnston, The Life of General Albert Sidney Johnston : His Service in the Armies of the United States, the Republic of Texas, and the Confederate States.. Search the whole document.

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George B. Crittenden (search for this): chapter 37
ut a poor compliment to the generalship of either Grant or Sherman to believe them aware of the presence of the Confederate army in their front on the 5th. Else why was General Lew Wallace with 7,500 men kept at Crump's Landing, and Nelson and Crittenden's divisions-14,000 men-left at Savannah? Why the calm of Saturday and the confusion of Sunday? For the events of the battle, let the eulogists of Generals Grant and Sherman rather plead, than deny, the surprise that befell them on Sunday mornam's division, which he believed to be still at Purdy. The advance of Buell's army, Nelson's division, had passed through Savannah on Saturday morning, April 5th, and was distant from Pittsburg about five miles on the north bank of the river. Crittenden's division arrived there on the morning of the 6th, and the other divisions of Buell's army followed at intervals of about six miles. The arrangement of Grant's army at Shiloh has been subjected to very severe and probably just criticism, b
William Clark (search for this): chapter 37
interval. The First Corps, commanded by Polk, consisted of two divisions, under Cheatham and Clark. Clark's division was ordered to follow Hardee on the Ridge road, at an interval of half an houClark's division was ordered to follow Hardee on the Ridge road, at an interval of half an hour, and to halt near Mickey's. This halt was to allow Bragg's corps, whose route from Monterey crossed the Ridge or Bark road at that point, to fall in behind Hardee, at 1,000 yards' interval, and forrp controversy then and afterward as to where the fault lay. Polk's answer was sufficient — that Clark's division was ready to move at 3 A. M. His orders were to wait for the passage of Bragg's corpse or establish his line until this had passed. The road was not clear until 2 P. M.; yet he got Clark's division into line of battle by four o'clock, and Cheatham, who had come up on the left, soon f two divisions, Cheatham's on the left, made up of B. R. Johnson's and Stephens's brigades, and Clark's on his right, formed of A. P. Stewart's and Russell's brigades. It followed Bragg's line at a
Isham G. Harris (search for this): chapter 37
n then ordered the attack for next morning, and we bivouacked in silence for tho night. General Preston informs the writer that General Johnston said little, but closed the discussion with great decision of manner. As he moved off, he said to Preston: I would fight them if they were a million. They can present no greater front between these two creeks than we can; and the more men they crowd in there, the worse we can make it for them. . . . Polk is a true soldier and a friend. Governor Harris mentions the following incident, which is significant of General Johnston's train of thought during that day, and confirmatory of the above: I was riding with him along the line of battle, which was being formed about 12 M. Colonel Munford thinks the hour was earlier. on Saturday, when one of our scouts intercepted us, and made a report to the general which indicated the presence of a much larger Federal force than previous information had induced us to expect. For a moment af
A. S. Johnston (search for this): chapter 37
st line of battle. personal movements of General Johnston. morning of the 5th. this is not War! the Council of War. Beauregard for retreat. Johnston's decision, and reasons. Confederate array. s nowhere to be seen. About half-past 9, General Johnston sent me to General Bragg to know why the due to their apprenticeship in war, under General Johnston's own eye and inspiration, on outpost dutct, and that was the majestic presence of General Johnston. He looked like a hero of the antique tyBreckinridge's, Ruggles's, and Cheatham's-General Johnston, followed by his staff, passed from one bbly tardy in movement on Saturday, though General Johnston, through his staff, had made every efforteen them was conducted with some warmth. General Johnston joined the group, but not by preconcert, o far as he can remember. He adds: General Johnston appeared much surprised at the suggestioning the night of the 5th in fancied security, Johnston's army of 40,000 men was in close proximity, [47 more...]
H. V. Boynton (search for this): chapter 37
uckland, who made the reconnaissance, says that he advanced three, not four or five miles. Sherman's historical raid, Boynton, p. 31. Hardee was, in fact, within two miles. It will be observed that Sherman supposed the artillery belonged to the Cy was taken completely by surprise, etc. His denial is not categorical, but by inference; but Moulton's Criticism of Boynton's review of Sherman (page 11), which is virtually General Sherman's own utterance, denies any purpose or necessity of coficers with whom he was at variance. He swears in his evidence on Worthington's trial. Sherman's historical raid, by Boynton, p. 29. Therefore, on Friday, two days before the battle, when Colonel Worthington was so apprehensive, I knew therehe eulogists of Generals Grant and Sherman rather plead, than deny, the surprise that befell them on Sunday morning. Boynton says (page 34): The officers of General Thomas's army, who had charge of the pickets a few days after the battle, ro
the Ohio one day's march nearer to the conjunction with General Grant, to prevent which was the object of his advance. Usually, the indications of approaching battle are so palpable that the men in the ranks, as well as the officers of all grades, foresee the deadly struggle, and nerve themselves to meet it. But in this case the nearness of the enemy in force was not known in the national army, and there was no special preparation for the conflict. In Sherman and his campaigns, by Colonels Bowman and Irwin, it is stated (page 50), There was nothing to indicate a general attack until seven o'clock on Sunday morning, when the advance-guard of Sherman's front was forced in on his main line. Grant and his campaigns, a book compiled by Prof. Coppee, avowedly from Grant's Reports, and very prejudiced in its conclusions in favor of that general, says, At the outset our troops were shamefully surprised and easily overpowered. It is but a poor compliment to the generalship of eith
George B. Hodge (search for this): chapter 37
ipment, and drill, and from the rough and wooded character of the ground, they did little service that day. The part taken by Morgan's, Forrest's, and Wharton's (Eighth Texas), will be given in its proper place. The army, exclusive of its cavalry, was between 35,000 and 36,000 strong. Jordan, in an official report, made in July, 1862, to the writer, then on inspection-duty, gave the effective total of all arms at 38,773, who marched April 3d. In his Life of Forrest he makes it 39,630. Hodge, in his sketch of the First Kentucky Brigade, with a different distribution of troops, puts the total at 39,695, which he says he made up from the returns at the time. Beauregard's report of the battle gives the field return at 40,335, of which 4,382 was cavalry. This last return includes Colonel Hill's Forty-seventh Tennessee Regiment, which came up on the 7th. There are apparently some errors in the return of July, 1862. The writer believes that the figures in Jordan's Life of Forrest
Jeremy F. Gilmer (search for this): chapter 37
short distance by a number of staff officials, and was of short duration, he names Generals Johnston, Beauregard, Polk, Bragg, Hardee (Hardee was not present, but Gilmer was), and Breckinridge, as taking part in it, and then furnishes this narrative: At least one division, if not the whole of Bragg's corps, was likewise inexed that some of the regiments had not brought provisions sufficient. A conference was held between Generals Johnston, Beauregard, Bragg, and Polk, at 5 P. M.; Major Gilmer being near. Some thought the long delay in the movement, of thirty-six hours, would put the enemy on the alert, and the want of provisions would endanger a fato attack early, and General Johnston determined to lead the attack in person, and leave General Beauregard to direct the movements of troops in the rear. General Gilmer says that Beauregard's proposition to retire without making an attack was not opposed, so far as he can remember. He adds: General Johnston appeared mu
leven men, officers and privates, taken prisoners, and eight privates wounded. He says he took ten prisoners. He continues: I infer that the enemy is in some considerable force at Pea Ridge (Monterey), that yesterday morning they crossed a brigade of two regiments of infantry, one regiment of cavalry, and one battery of field-artillery, to the ridges on which the Corinth road lies. They halted the infantry at a point about five miles in my front, sent a detachment to the lane of General Meaks, on the north of Owl Creek, and the cavalry down toward our camp. Though he did not suspect the fact, it was the whole Confederate army which was unfolding along his front. In his report of the battle of Shiloh ( Memoirs, vol. i., p. 235), Sherman says: On Saturday the enemy's cavalry was again very bold, coming well down to our front; yet I did not believe they designed anything but a strong demonstration. General Sherman seems to deny with derision that his command w
D. Ruggles (search for this): chapter 37
er about 800 yards in rear of Hardee's line. Ruggles's division did not come up promptly, and Polkhe spot. I believe their commander, General Ruggles, was finally blamed. ... It was about four o'rps, and to move and form his line in rear of Ruggles's division, which composed Bragg's left wing.st obvious duties. It is certain that one of Ruggles's brigade commanders, who was on outpost dutyGeneral Bragg means Withers's; by the second, Ruggles's. The special orders as to movement of tey to Mickey's with Withers's division, while Ruggles's division was to move from Monterey on the r more than two miles in rear of Mickey's. Had Ruggles pursued this route, he could have passed to tthers's division. But Bragg's order changing Ruggles's line of march, and bringing him in rear of other causes already assigned-Breckinridge's, Ruggles's, and Cheatham's-General Johnston, followed I had not advanced far before I came upon General Ruggles, who commanded General Bragg's left, depl[2 more...]
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