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f course, Warren could not recall Bartlett. But to comply as nearly as possible with the order, he at once directed General Pearson, who with three of Bartlett's regiments was guarding the trains on the Boydton Road, to move immediately down towards Dinwiddie. Pearson got to the crossing of the main stream of Gravelly Run, and finding that the bridge was gone, and the stream not fordable, halted for orders. But things were crowding thick and fast. Pearson's orders were countermanded, and oPearson's orders were countermanded, and orders came from army headquarters for Griffin's Division to go. On the news of Sheridan's discomfiture, Grant seems first to have thought of Warren's predicament. In a despatch to Meade early in the evening he says: I would much rather have Wars was a very different direction, and of different tactical effect. It being impossible to recall Bartlett, Warren sent Pearson, already on the Boydton Road, with a detachment of Bartlett's Brigade. 3. To send Griffin's Division by the Boydton
Phil Sheridan (search for this): chapter 5
up to them. The effect of this message to Sheridan reached to something more than a measure of tdismal night of March 29th on the Quaker Road Sheridan was holding long and close conference with Grto those outside was that at the close of it, Sheridan was directed to gain possession of Five Forkst understand is why previous to that time General Sheridan, with thirteen thousand cavalry, had not II., p. 1309. It afterwards transpired that Sheridan's cavalry did not long hold this position. Ghe White Oak Road if he can. This will enable Sheridan to reach the Southside Road by Ford's Road, ae showed me a copy of a message from Grant to Sheridan, late the evening before, which gave us the cable us to hold Lee's right in check, so that Sheridan could either advance on the White Oak Road toed front and flank across the White Oak Road; Sheridan flashing on our wheeling flank, cutting commu ecstasy of these visions, word came to us of Sheridan's latest despatch to Grant the evening before[8 more...]
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain (search for this): chapter 5
ly the panic-stricken men whose honor was their own, and evidently under great stress of feeling. Griffin breaks forth first, after his high-proof fashion: General Chamberlain, the Fifth Corps is eternally damned. I essayed some pleasantry: Not till you are in heaven. Griffin does not smile nor hear, but keeps right on: I tell Will wipe out this disgrace, and that's what we're here for. Then Warren breaks out, with stirring phrase, but uttered as if in a strangely compressed tone: General Chamberlain, will you save the honor of the Fifth Corps? That's all there is about it. That appeal demanded a chivalrous response. Honor is a mighty sentiment, and teaking lines,--and the works were carried. Private Augustus Ziever captured the flag of the 46th Virginia in mounting one of the parapets, and handed it to General Chamberlain in the midst of the m616e, who immediately gave it back to him, telling him to keep it and take the credit that belonged to him. Almost that entire regimen
Division, consisting of the brigades of Stuart, Hunton, Corse, and Terry, about five thousand strong, was sent to the entrenchments along the Claiborne Road, and Roberts's Brigade of North Carolina cavalry, to picket the White Oak Road from the Claiborne, the right of their entrenchments, to Five Forks. On the thirtieth, the Fing that he should have taken possession of this before. For all the afternoon and night of the 29th, there was nothing to oppose him there but the right wing of Roberts' slender brigade, picketing the White Oak Road. But when he received a positive order to secure that point on the morning of the 30th, he seems to have moved soridan, with thirteen thousand cavalry, had not found it practicable to make an effective demonstration on Five Forks, covered all the morning only by what few men Roberts had there picketing the White Oak Road, and after that time, all day, only by Fitzhugh Lee with eighteen hundred cavalry. Early on the morning of the 31st th
A. P. Hill (search for this): chapter 5
to the entrenchments along the Claiborne Road, and Roberts's Brigade of North Carolina cavalry, to picket the White Oak Road from the Claiborne, the right of their entrenchments, to Five Forks. On the thirtieth, the Fifth Corps, relieved by the Second, moved to the left along the Boydton Road, advancing its left towards the right of the enemy's entrenchments on the White Oak Road. Lee, also, apprehensive for his right, sent McGowan's South Carolina Brigade and McRae's North Carolina, of Hill's Corps, to strengthen Bushrod Johnson's Division in the entrenchments there; but took two of Johnson's brigades-Ransom's and Wallace's — with three brigades of Pickett's Division (leaving Hunton's in the entrenchments), to go with Pickett to reinforce Fitzhugh Lee at Five Forks. W. H. F. Lee's Division of cavalry, about one thousand five hundred men, and Rosser's, about one thousand, were also ordered to Five Forks. These reinforcements did not reach Five Forks until the evening of the thir
Lewis Grant (search for this): chapter 5
had been developed on the Quaker Road to lead Grant to change materially his original purpose of man's cavalry did not long hold this position. Grant's despatch to Meade, March 31st, Rebellion Recosition was made in face of the information of Grant's order of 7.40 this morning, that owing to th the White Oak Road to the west of them, which Grant had assured Sheridan was of so much importanceto give a cyclone edge to our wheeling flank. Grant's despatch to Meade, transmitting this, was a stakably. Warren was evidently impressed with Grant's desire to gain the White Oak Road in order tference on the rainy night of March 2gth, when Grant had announced that they would act together as do not know that Warren was then aware of General Grant's loss of interest in this movement for thto think that Warren knew of this last word of Grant on the subject of the White Oak Road, but, as e ready for a fight in the morning. This from Grant. 2. To fall back with the whole corps from[61 more...]
he White Oak Road was put into execution. Ayres advanced soldierlike, as was his nature; resolute, firm-hearted, fearing nothing, in truth not fearing quite enough. Although he believed his advance would bring on a battle, he moved without skirmishers, but in a wedgelike formation guarding both flanks. His First Brigade, commanded by the gallant Winthrop, had the lead in line of battle, his right and rear supported by the Third Brigade, that of Gwyn, who was accounted a good fighter; and Denison's Maryland Brigade formed in column on Winthrop's left and rear, ready to face outward by the left flank in case of need; while a brigade of Crawford's was held in reserve in rear of the center. This would seem to be a prudent and strong formation of Ayres' command. The enemy's onset was swift and the encounter sudden. The blow fell without warning, enveloping Ayres' complete front. It appears that McGowan's Brigade struck squarely on Winthrop's left flank, with an oblique fire also on
which we had encountered on the Quaker Road. Pickett's Division, consisting of the brigades of Stunsom's and Wallace's — with three brigades of Pickett's Division (leaving Hunton's in the entrenchments), to go with Pickett to reinforce Fitzhugh Lee at Five Forks. W. H. F. Lee's Division of cavalst despatch to Grant the evening before, that Pickett's Division of infantry was deployed along theheridan had been attacked by Fitzhugh Lee and Pickett's infantry and driven pell-mell into Dinwiddhe mire and dark, to help Sheridan stay where Pickett and Fitzhugh Lee had put him. Indeed, the sugd fought us on the White Oak Road had gone to Pickett's support at Five Forks that day. And when intopped on Gravelly Run, but would have struck Pickett's and Fitzhugh Lee's rear, and compelled themry reinforcements occupy Sheridan, and rushed Pickett's Division with the two brigades of Johnson'sss his front to baffle his observation, while Pickett should anticipate and forestall the movement
Quaker Road. On the morning of the 29th, Lee had also despatched General R. H. Anderson with Bushrod Johnson's Division- Gracie's, Ransom's, Wise's, and Wallace's Brigades --to reinforce his main entrenchments along the White Oak Road. It was these to have resolved. Driven to seize every advantage or desperate expedient, he had ordered four brigades, those of Wise, Gracie, and Hunton, with McGowan's South Carolina Brigade, to move out from their entrenchments, get across the flank of the Fiffter the exigency at Five Forks had called away most of its defenders,--Generals Anderson and Johnson, with Hunton, Wise, Gracie, and Fulton's Brigades being of the number,--and the whole rebel army was demoralized, General Grant, now free to apprecibrigades of Johnson's down the White Oak Road upon the flank of the momentarily demoralized Fifth Corps, while Hunton and Gracie and Wallace and Wise were on its front, we should have had trouble. Or had they, after repulsing Sheridan towards evenin
do to stop for that now. My men will go straight through. So at a word the First Battalion of the 198th Pennsylvania, Major Glenn commanding, plunges into the muddy branch, waist deep and more, General Warren states in his testimony before the Court of Inquiry that this stream was sixty feet wide and four or five feet deep. Records, p. 717. with cartridge-boxes borne upon the bayonet sockets above the turbid waters; the Second Battalion commanded now by Captain Stanton, since Sickel and McEuen were gone, keeping the banks beyond clear of the enemy by their well-directed fire, until the First has formed in skirmishing order and pressed up the bank. I then pushed through to support Glenn and formed my brigade in line of battle on the opposite bank, followed by Gregory's in column of regiments. The enemy fell back without much resistance until finding supports on broken strong ground they made stand after stand. Griffin followed with Bartlett's Brigade, in reserve. In due time A
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