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Hampshire County (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 53
loyd and Wise, and still later, of General Lee, availed only to prevent further encroachments of the enemy — not to regain the lost territory. When, therefore, General Jackson assumed command of the Valley of Virginia, the enemy had possession of all the State north of the Great Kanawha, and west of the Alleghenies, and had pushed their outposts into that mountain region itself, and in some cases eastward of the main range. Thus General Kelly had captured Romney, the county-seat of Hampshire county, forty miles west of Winchester, and now occupied it with a force of five thousand men. This movement gave the Federals control of the fertile valley of the south branch of the Potomac. Another, though much smaller force, occupied Bath, the county-seat of Morgan county, forty miles due north of Winchester, while the north bank of the Potomac was everywhere guarded by Union troops. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was open and available for the supply of the Federal troops from Baltimo
West Virginia (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 53
t by the Alleghenies. Born and reared in Western Virginia, and filled with a patriot's devotion to s that Jackson had conceived for regaining West Virginia was to move along the Baltimore Railroad ae turnpikes parallel to it, and thus enter West Virginia at the northeastern end. In this way he comidst of some of the most fertile parts of West Virginia. In order to carry out this scheme, he ase was not large enough for the recovery of West Virginia, important advantages seemed within reach.on of the roads over the Alleghenies into Western Virginia, as well as the scarcity of the subsistenver the northeastern and central parts of Western Virginia, and at the same time threaten the left oof the Mountain Department, which embraced West Virginia. While en route from Alexandria to join Fon for some weeks, and now his movement to West Virginia, reassures the Federal administration, andthe Valley, and the movement of Jackson to West Virginia had calmed the apprehensions of the Federa
Lewistown (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 53
s so rough as completely to paralyze the remainder of Fremont's operations. The attack on centre and right become little more than artillery combats, and by the middle of the afternoon Fremont withdraws his whole line. Ewell's force was about six thousand and his loss two hundred and eighty-seven; Fremont's force twice as great and his loss over six hundred and fifty. About the time of Fremont's repulse, General Tyler, with one of Shields' infantry brigades, reached the position near Lewistown, to where Colonel Carroll and his cavalry had retired in the morning. But so strong was the position held by the Confederate batteries on the west bank of the river, that Tyler felt it impossible to make any diversion in favor of Fremont, and with his force of three thousand men remained idle. Jackson, emboldened by the inactivity of Shields' advance, and the easy repulse of Fremont, conceived the audacious design of attacking his two opponents in succession the next day, with the hop
Keyser (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 53
amage was possible to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and placed himself between Lander, at Hancock, and Kelly, at Romney, moved toward the latter place as fast as the icy roads would permit. Kelly did not await his approach but hastily retired, and, on January 14th, Jackson entered Romney. Here, though the weather and roads grew worse, the Confederate leader had no intention of stopping. He arrived at Cumberland and preparations were at once began for a movement on New Creek (now called Keyser), but when the orders to march were given the murmuring and discontent among his troops, especially among those which had recently come under his command, reached such a pitch that he reluctantly abandoned the enterprise, and determined to go into winter quarters. Leaving Loring and his troops at Romney, he returned with his old brigade to Winchester and disposed his cavalry and militia commands so as to protect the whole border of the district. This expedition, though it had cleared hi
Maryland (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 53
, and surprises and completely overwhelms the force Banks has stationed there. Next day he strikes with damaging effect at Banks' retreating column, between Strasburg and Winchester, and follows him up all night. At dawn he attacks him on the heights of Winchester, forces him from his position, and drives him in confusion and dismay to the Potomac, with the loss of immense stores and a large number of prisoners. Resting but two days, he marches to Harper's Ferry, threatens an invasion of Maryland, and spreads such alarm as to paralyze the movement of McDowell's four thousand men at Fredericksburg, and to cause the concentration of half of this force, together with Fremont's command, on his rear. The militia of the adjoining States is called out; troops are hurried to Harper's Ferry in his front; more than forty thousand troops are hastening, under the most urgent telegrams, to close in around him. Keeping up his demonstrations until the last moment, until, indeed, the head of McDow
Waynesboro, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 53
with their infantry supports, and, as the bluffs on the west side of the river commanded the roads along the east side, a battery or two kept them inactive for the remainder of the day. It was at this time that Shields, from Luray, was dispatching Fremont as follows: June 8th-9.30 A. M. I write by your scout. I think by this time there will be twelve pieces of artillery opposite Jackson's train at Port Republic, if he has taken that route. Some cavalry and artillery have pushed on to Waynesboro to burn the bridge: I hope to have two brigades at Port Republic to-day. I follow myself with two other brigades from this place. If the enemy changes direction you will please keep me advised. If he attempts to force a passage, as my force is not large there yet, I hope you will thunder down on his rear. Please send back information from time to time. I think Jackson is caught this time. Yours, sincerely, James Shields. Meanwhile, Fremont had marshaled his brigades, and w
Baltimore, Md. (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 53
the county-seat of Morgan county, forty miles due north of Winchester, while the north bank of the Potomac was everywhere guarded by Union troops. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was open and available for the supply of the Federal troops from Baltimore to Harper's Ferry, and again from a point opposite (Hancock) westward. The section of about forty miles from Harper's Ferry to Hancock, lying for the most part some distance within the Virginia border, had been interrupted and rendered uselessnts are intended to get in the enemy's rear. One more of McDowell's brigades is ordered through here to Harper's Ferry. The rest of his forces remain, for the present, at Fredericksburg. We are sending such regiments, in dribs, from here and Baltimore as we can spare, to Harper's Ferry, supplying their places, in some sort, by calling in the militia from the adjacent States. We also have eighteen cannon on the road to Harper's Ferry, of which arm there is not a single one yet at that point.
Fredericksburg, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 53
he Upper Rappahannock, and was concentrating at Fredericksburg. This movement of McDowell had released Ewell to replace those sent to McClellan, now lies at Fredericksburg, impatient to take part in the movement on Richorce, is detached at New Market, and ordered to Fredericksburg to swell McDowell's Corps to over forty thousankson's plans. Upon the march of Shields toward Fredericksburg, General J. E. Johnston, commanding in chief in the latter's corps should be sent forward from Fredericksburg toward Richmond, were listened to. Shields was President Lincoln and Secretary Stanton went to Fredericksburg to confer with General McDowell, found that Shilegraph to leave his least effective brigade at Fredericksburg, in addition to the forces agreed upon for the rest of his forces remain, for the present, at Fredericksburg. We are sending such regiments, in dribs, fromthe movement of McDowell's four thousand men at Fredericksburg, and to cause the concentration of half of this
Gordonsville (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 53
ad transferred the mass of his army to the front of Richmond, and had taken command there in person. Ewell's Division alone remained on the Rappahannock to watch the enemy there, and to aid Jackson in case of need. This division was now near Gordonsville, and a good road from that point through Swift Run gap placed it within easy reach of Jackson. The latter, conscious of his inability with five or six thousand men (his force had nearly doubled since Kernstown by the return of furloughed men ed the armies of Beaulieu, Wurmser, and Alvinzy in succession. Jackson was now, with about six or seven thousand men, at the base of the Blue ridge, some thirty miles northeast of Staunton. Ewell, with an equal force, was in the vicinity of Gordonsville, twenty-five miles in his rear, and east of the mountains. Edward Johnson was seven miles west of Staunton with three thousand five hundred men. Such was the Confederate position. On the other hand, Banks, with the main body of his forces,
Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 53
Stonewall Jackson's Valley campaign. Colonel William Allan. After the disastrous termination of Braddock's campaign against Fort Duquesne, in the summer of 1756, Colonel George Washington, to whom was intrusted the duty of protecting the Allegheny frontier of Virginia from the French and Indians, established himself at Winchester, in the lower Shenandoah Valley, as the point from which he could best protect the district assigned to him. Here he subsequently built Fort Loudoun, and made it the base of his operations. A grass-grown mound, marking the site of one of the bastions of the old fort, and Loudoun street, the name of the principal thoroughfare of the town, remain, to recall an important chapter in colonial history. It was this old town that Major General T. J. Jackson entered on the evening of November 4th, 1861, as commander of the Valley District, and established his headquarters within musket shot of Fort Loudoun. He had been made major general on October 7th, for h
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