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Cedar Mountain (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 29
s of the southern people upon a momentous question. Coincident with the evacuation of the Peninsula by the Federals was General Lee's movement, to throw beyond the Rapidan a force sufficient to prevent Pope's passage of that river. After Cedar Mountain, Jackson had disappeared as if the earth had swallowed him up. It was believed in the North that the advance of Pope's masses had cut him off from the main army and locked him up in the Shenandoah Valley; while the South-equally ignorant of hdid fighting of the cavalry of Stuart, Hampton and Bev Robinson, here proved that arm to have reached its point of highest efficiency. The heart of the South, still throbbing with triumph after the Seven Days and their bright corollary of Cedar Mountain, went up in one wild throb of joyous thanksgiving. So satisfied were the people of the sagacity of their leaders and the invincible valor of their troops; so carried away were they by the splendid reflection from the glory over Manassas plai
Mine Run (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 29
ssing below Fredericksburg, to hold the troops at that point; the other crossing above, to flank and pass to their rear, combining with the other wing and cutting communication with Richmond. Taking command in person of his right wing-while the left was confided to General Slocum-Hooker rapidly crossed the river, concentrating not less than 60,000 men on the Chancellorsville road, eleven miles above Fredericksburg. Grasping the situation at once, Lee ordered the small force there back to Mine Run, until re-enforced; and then, on the 2d of May, Stonewall Jackson completed that wonderful and painful circuit of the enemy-so brilliant in conception, so successful in result. Late in the afternoon he reached their extreme right and rear, secure and unsuspecting. Never stopping to rest, the Eldest Son of War hurled himself like a thunderbolt on the confident and intrenched enemy — scattering the eleventh corps (Sigel's) like chaff, and hurling them, broken and demoralized, upon their sup
Valley road (United States) (search for this): chapter 29
erfull hearts, until the calm and steady course of the general they had never doubted, quieted them once more. The outcry in the North resulted in the choice of General A. E. Burnside to command the new invasion; and he was of course hailed as the augur, who was surely this time to read the oracle. Watchful, calm, and steadfast, the Confederate waited, through the months of preparation, to meet the new advance-so disposing part of his force about Winchester as to prevent the favorite Valley-road Onto-Rich-mond. With a renewed, and splendidly appointed, army, Burnside moved in November toward Fredericksburg; thinking that this time he had really gotten between Lee and Richmond. What was his disgust to find, when he reached the Rappahannock, that the Confederate army was not all at Winchester, but was before him to dispute his crossing. After some unavailing maneuvers for position, the Federals sat down on the heights of Stafford, opposite Fredericksburg; made works at their
Maryland (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 29
burg the river recrossed gloom in Richmond Fredericksburg and its effect on the people why on pursuit? Hooker replaces Burnside death of Stonewall Jackson. Of such vast import to the southern cause was Lee's first aggressive campaign in Maryland; so vital was its need believed to be, by the people of the South; so varied and warm was their discussion of it that it may seem proper to give that advance more detailed consideration. Imperfect and inadequate as such a sketch must be, to he next day Harper's Ferry, with its heavy garrison and immense supply of arms, stores and munitions, was surrendered to Jackson. Great was the joy in Richmond when the news of the brilliant fight at Boonesboro — the first passage of arms on Maryland soiland of the capture of the great arsenal of the North reached her anxious people. It was, they felt, but the presage of the great and substantial triumphs that Lee and his veterans must win. Higher rose their confidence and more secure beca
Virginia (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 29
arried away were they by the splendid reflection from the glory over Manassas plain — that this time they never even stopped to question why there had been no pursuit; why the broken enemy had not been completely crushed. All they felt was that Virginia was free from the invader. For General Loring, in the Kanawha, had driven the enemy before him and entirely cleared that portion of the state; while on this line he was hastening rapidly back to Washington to meet the expected advance of Lee to had held at such bitter cost. And when night stopped the aimless; carnage, each army, too crippled to renew the fight, withdrew toward its base. McClellan could not pursue; and the Confederates fell back doggedly, sullenly, and recrossed into Virginia. As usual in the North, a wild howl went up against McClellan. In response to this brutumfulmen, he was promptly removed by Halleck, for not conquering an army that had proved itself invincible! Bitter indeed was the hour that brought t
Fredericksburg, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 29
g the river recrossed gloom in Richmond Fredericksburg and its effect on the people why on pursuses Burnside was bringing down to him from Fredericksburg, Pope attacked Jackson in detail at Bristod, army, Burnside moved in November toward Fredericksburg; thinking that this time he had really got down on the heights of Stafford, opposite Fredericksburg; made works at their leisure; and spread achose his line of battle. Just back of Fredericksburg, stretching some two miles southward, is ao active operations immediately succeeding Fredericksburg. Picket fighting; cavalry skirmishes, sevlook upon the ugliest features of the war. Fredericksburg was a ruin, riddled with shot and shell, tcolumns, one menacing right crossing below Fredericksburg, to hold the troops at that point; the oth Chancellorsville road, eleven miles above Fredericksburg. Grasping the situation at once, Lee ordeedgwick, however, had crossed the river at Fredericksburg, driving the Confederates from the town an
Washington (United States) (search for this): chapter 29
eral Loring, in the Kanawha, had driven the enemy before him and entirely cleared that portion of the state; while on this line he was hastening rapidly back to Washington to meet the expected advance of Lee toward the Capital. Without resting his army, the latter divided it into three corps, under command of Jackson, Longstre the river at different points, to cut off the re-enforcements the alarmed Federals might send to its rescue. Great was the alarm and intense the excitement at Washington. The sudden turn of the tables — the cold dash to hopes that the bragging of their new hero had raised to fever heat, and the transformation of the crushed reb Richmond the story of Sharpsburg. Flushed with hope, undoubting of triumph, her citizens; only listened for the wild cheer that would echo back from conquered Washington. But the sound that reached their ears was the menacing roar from retreating ranks that left near one-third their number stark and ghastly on that grim field,
Sharpsburg (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 29
d? the people demand aggressive warfare over the river Harper's Ferry falls elation at the South rosy Prophecies Sharpsburg the river recrossed gloom in Richmond Fredericksburg and its effect on the people why on pursuit? Hooker replaces the fall of Harper's Ferry — on the 17th of September-Lee had massed some 35,000 men on the banks of the Antietam, near Sharpsburg — a village ten miles north-east of Harper's Ferry. McClellan, pressing him hard with an army four times his own numbquering an army that had proved itself invincible! Bitter indeed was the hour that brought to Richmond the story of Sharpsburg. Flushed with hope, undoubting of triumph, her citizens; only listened for the wild cheer that would echo back from co raw troops, or the destruction of a few thousand stand of arms, compared to the precious cost of holding the field at Sharpsburg? And gradually these complaints, as in all such cases, answered themselves; and then the vials of southern wrath be
Jackson (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 29
hen barns were rifled and crops trampled by hostile feet, the northern people would begin to appreciate the realities of a war they had so far only seen by the roseate light of a partial press. Secure and confident in the army that was to work their oracle, the hope of the South already drew triumphant pictures of defeated armies, harassed states, and a peace dictated from the Federal Capital. On the 14th of September, D. H. Hill, of Longstreet's corpsstationed at Boonesboro to protect Jackson's flank — was attacked by a heavy force. Heavily outnumbered, Hill fought a dogged and obstinate battle-giving and taking terrific blows, only ceasing when night stopped the fight. It was hard to tell which side had the best of the actual fighting; but the great object was gained and the next day Harper's Ferry, with its heavy garrison and immense supply of arms, stores and munitions, was surrendered to Jackson. Great was the joy in Richmond when the news of the brilliant fight at Boo
Harper's Ferry (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 29
ign on the enemy's soil. Jackson passed with his accustomed swiftness to the occupation of the heights commanding Harper's Ferry and to the investment of that position; while the other corps moved to the river at different points, to cut off the It was hard to tell which side had the best of the actual fighting; but the great object was gained and the next day Harper's Ferry, with its heavy garrison and immense supply of arms, stores and munitions, was surrendered to Jackson. Great was nd a pall of doubt and dismay was to drape the fair form of Hope, even in her infancy. Two days after the fall of Harper's Ferry — on the 17th of September-Lee had massed some 35,000 men on the banks of the Antietam, near Sharpsburg — a village ten miles north-east of Harper's Ferry. McClellan, pressing him hard with an army four times his own numbers-composed in part of raw levies and hastily-massed militia, and in part of the veterans of the armies of the Potomacseemed determined on batt
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