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Sterling Price (search for this): chapter 5
mobilizing and organizing of these armies, but to conceive and issue orders, and leave it to the patriotic volunteer officers and soldiers to execute their plans. The small regular army was in the East and on the frontier. Hence Cairo was designated as the place of rendezvous for the brigade which it was proposed should be recruited from southern Illinois. The Confederate troops occupied Columbus, Kentucky, and Belmont, Missouri, a point on the opposite side of the Mississippi River. Price's army was being recruited terrorizing and controlling all of southwest Missouri. The city of Cairo, occupying the peninsula point of the State at the junction of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, was subject to overflows, the levees encircling the city being its only protection from inundation. The very streets were impassable at times. These facts made the occupation of Cairo by troops almost impracticable, but commanding, as it did, the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, it was imperative tha
Mary Kuykendall (search for this): chapter 5
and go to Carbondale and Marion, sixty miles north of Cairo, and, by appealing to the friends I knew, in thirty-six hours I could secure supplies enough to furnish the hospital with the best of everything, and stock the larder with all the delicacies necessary to the sick. He was so anxious for relief for his men that he decided to let me carry out my suggestion. I was to leave on the first train, which left Cairo at two A. M. The city was under martial law; the provost marshal was Major Kuykendall, of Logan's regiment. At six o'clock P. M. he closed the provost office and returned to the regimental headquarters. Colonel Logan was to get me a pass and send it to me by Captain Edwin S. McCook, who was to take me to the two A. M. train. When we reached the depot and I asked the captain for the pass, he said: By George, I forgot to get it! The headquarters were at least two miles away, and there was no time to get a pass. The captain was greatly excited as to how to get me on th
John A. Logan (search for this): chapter 5
ney North for supplies proves a great success Logan persuades three months men to re-enlist--forwabut I swear I will be back in three days. Colonel Logan replied: What has happened? Sol took out pidly. Five hundred of the 31st Regiment (Colonel Logan's) were ill with measles at one time. Medng number of sick. Deeply sympathetic, Colonel Logan, of the 31st, could not bear to see the mef through the purveyor's office, I assured Colonel Logan that I could get on the train and go to Ca; the provost marshal was Major Kuykendall, of Logan's regiment. At six o'clock P. M. he closed thing, and could not accompany me. I will take Mrs. Logan. They came over and told me of the scheme. let me in? He replied: Yes, you bet I will, Mrs. Logan, but where are you going by yourself these t Captain Looney, of Company A of the 31st, Colonel Logan's regiment, was taken to our rooms in a prity of Cairo. One evening I was sitting in Colonel Logan's tent when a young soldier whom we had kn[15 more...]
Edwin S. McCook (search for this): chapter 5
. At six o'clock P. M. he closed the provost office and returned to the regimental headquarters. Colonel Logan was to get me a pass and send it to me by Captain Edwin S. McCook, who was to take me to the two A. M. train. When we reached the depot and I asked the captain for the pass, he said: By George, I forgot to get it! The Wilson. I am sure I can get on the train without a pass, if you two men will stand on the depot platform and see me try to pass the train guard. If I fail, Captain McCook can take me back to my hotel, and I will wait until to-morrow. In those days I knew almost every one south of the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad. As soon as latform, I knocked on the window, and nodded to him that I was all right. Mr. Wilson came into the car soon afterward, and we had a good laugh over the episode. McCook hurried back to camp to tell Colonel Logan the whole story. Later the colonel expressed to me his gratification at my discretion, and told me never to allow mys
evinced by the men notwithstanding the revolting feelings that sometimes came over them before they became accustomed to receiving and cooking their own rations, and doing the police duty necessary in camp. As fast therefore as the troops were recruited at different points, they were hurried to Cairo. There they were mustered in regiments ready for organization into brigades. The 18th, 27th, 30th, and 31st-and later the 25th Infantry Volunteers, known as the Lead Mine Regiment from Galena-Swartz's and Taylor's Batteries, and some cavalry were to compose the First Brigade. Very few of the men or officers of these regiments knew anything whatever of the art of war, except a man here and there who had served in the Mexican War. For the most part they were young men just entering manhood, who had never been away from their homes for any length of time, many of them never having been out of the State. They knew nothing of the hardships that awaited them or the full meaning of enlist
U. S. Grant (search for this): chapter 5
ttle of Belmont arrival of the dead and wounded at Cairo Hospital scenes General Grant in command. The vast territory lying to the south, southwest, and southeor his command of freebooters, which was duly reported to headquarters, and General Grant determined to send over there and press the farmers into hauling to the rive opposite side of the river. He was no other than the hitherto unknown General U. S. Grant. It was announced that he would at once inspect every regiment in and ams, and were speedily ready to be ordered out. Expecting every moment that General Grant and staff would appear in full uniform and much military display, they waitofficer and one or two of the officers on duty at general headquarters, was General Grant. Going directly to the colonel's headquarters, he introduced himself, and n camp. By this businesslike procedure, void of all display and pageantry, General Grant won the confidence and admiration of officers and men. He afterward said th
John A. McClernand (search for this): chapter 5
three months service and declined to renew their enlistment. Governor Yates urged them to re-enlist, but to no avail. A special train was ordered, and General John A. McClernand, who was in command of the First Brigade, composed of the 22d, 27th, 30th, and 31st Regiments, was directed to go up there and to take Colonel John A. Ln the vicinity, and who had hoped, by burning it, to delay transportation of troops en route for Cairo, over the Illinois Central Railroad. Mounting a box, General McClernand spoke feelingly to the men, and urged them to stand by the flag. Still no signs came from them as to what they should do. Colonel Logan followed McClernandMcClernand with an appeal to Come on, boys, fear not death, but dishonor. Every man shouted: We will go, and before the hour had arrived for the train to take the party back to Cairo, one by one the men had re-enlisted and taken the oath to serve for three years, unless sooner discharged by reason of disability or peace. For weeks reg
ls to a not over-clean board table, anything but tempting. A few months afterward the forbidding loaves would have been hailed with delight in place of the hardtack that had not been softened or rendered more palatable by being carried in a haversack for days. Doing guard and police duty with a lowering sky above them, and mud and water beneath their feet, made many a soldier sick at heart, and caused his courage to drop in the scale of heroism, when first learning the duties of a son of Mars. The discipline of walking to and fro with a gun on his shoulder in the wee small hours of a stormy night was a different thing from marching away on a gala-day to the tune of Yankee Doodle, or with the drums and fifes beating and whistling The girl I left behind me. I witnessed the departure of many of the men of the old 31st from cottages and more pretentious homes. At the sound of the roll-call could be seen great, manly fellows, folding their loved ones in a last fond embrace, and th
Roderick Dhu (search for this): chapter 5
or that the army rendezvoused and equipped within its small limits was destined to hew its way to the gulf. The men of the West would not believe that the South would ever establish a blockade or fire upon the flag of the free. Finally the shot was heard, and the wide-mouthed cannon mounted on the river-bank at Columbus, turned toward the north, announced the establishment of the barrier. Fired by indignation and patriotism, the people rallied to their country's call like the hosts of Roderick Dhu. Accustomed to pioneering and roughing it, they were equal to the exigencies of the times. The spirits that controlled in the South and Southwest were so daring and so reckless that they would have undertaken any venture, no matter how mad, had they not learned of the preparations to prevent them from coming up the river. The volunteers waited not for the regulation appointments, but, with earnestness that meant success, began at once to acquire the profession of the soldier. The o
chanting some plantation song, as they pulled and tugged at the heavy burdens, as if to lighten their loads by their own strange melodies. As soon as all was off and the steamer again pulled out and went puffing on her way, one could hear the boatmen still singing their plantation melodies as they lay on the piles of freight on the deck, resting from their labors. Cairo was in those days little better than the doleful picture of it given in Martin Chuzzlewit under the fictitious name of Eden. It was as unlike one's idea of the Eden of Paradise as possible. Often it was deluged by overflows, whose waters stagnated in every depression and were soon covered by a green scum, almost cutting it off from the highlands by that dismal swamp which extended nearly across the State a few miles north of Cairo. There seemed little hope that a city of any importance could ever be built in that locality. Ague and other diseases from miasmatic influences frightened away many who came to make
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