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Williamsport (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 35
et the stragglers arid the convalescent wounded from the battle-fields of May and the early part of June, and perhaps some recruits. Some of them came with the supply ordnance train, which was a part of that attacked by the enemy's cavalry at Williamsport after the battle, and many more reached us in the valley by the 20th of July,. having been assembled there while we were in Pennsylvania, My three regiments that had been left behind were then counted in the returns, as I suppose was the case ross that stream between that point and Harper's Ferry, as Hooker was keeping up his communications with that place, and the interval was narrow. Stuart's only alternatives, therefore, were to cross west of the Blue Ridge, at Shepherdstown or Williamsport, or east of Hooker's Crossing. He selected the latter, in accordance with a discretion given him; and it is doubtful whether the former would have enabled hin to fulfill General Lee's expectations, as Hooker immediately threw one corps to Kno
Culp's Hill (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 35
ch I thought the best position for Johnson's division. I pointed out to him Culp's Hill as the proper position for Johnson, and I urged the propriety of pushing on at least one of Slocum's divisions had taken position immediately in rear of Culp's Hill, which it was designed Johnson should take. Before Johnson arrived all thou and probably was the fact, that Ewell had ordered him to take possession of Culp's Hill, then supposed to be unoccupied, when he ordered him to the position he reacast of Gettysburg, extending along Cemetery Hill and the adjacent heights to Culp's Hill, as my two brigades immediately confronted it, and it was peculiarly my dutyorps to the right, but, upon his representation of the feasibility of taking Culp's Hill without a fight, concluded to let us remain where we were. If I heard of thworks on the top of the hill while Johnson was yet fighting on the slopes of Culp's Hill. There was, then, no work by piece-meal, so far as Johnson and myself were
Cemetery Hill (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 35
no earthly reason why the failure to seize Cemetery Hill that afternoon should rest exclusively on Gen. Ewell, by going on, could have seized Cemetery Hill, or that the seizure of that hill on the as passing to the right of the town towards Cemetery Hill, had got out of reach. Elated with the suwooded hill east of the town and adjoining Cemetery Hill, as the position Johnson should take when the propriety of pushing on and capturing Cemetery Hill. He then asked me to ride with him up thennoitre the position, and he adds: I found Cemetery Hill occupied by a considerable force — a forces defeat. The most that the capture of Cemetery Hill on that day could have accomplished would len back to a commanding position known as Cemetery Hill, south of Gettysburg, and quickly showed already mentioned, not far from the base of Cemetery Hill, so as to be ready at the earliest moment.e intervening between them and the base of Cemetery Hill, fought their way up the face of that hill[18 more...]
Westminster (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 35
thence by the way of Chambersburg to Gettysburg. This was all the cavalry that went into Pennsylvania at the time our army invaded that state, Robertson's and Jones' being left behind, as already stated. Even Hooker, who estimated our force that passed through Hagerstown at 97,000 infantry and cavalry and 280 guns, and was, by no means, disposed to underrate any part of our army, does not put the cavalry with Stuart beyond 5,000, (see Con. Rep., 173,) and Mr. J. Everett Pearson, of Westminster, Maryland, whose narrative is contained in the transactions of the Southern Historical Society, (Southern Magazine, for January, 1875,) says of Stuart's command, as it passed through that place on the 28th of June: Although four thousand men comprised the whole command, each of its regiments seemed that number to a novice. General Fitz Lee, without giving any statement as to the force with Stuart, says: The brigade of General Jenkins, Stuart estimated at 3,800 troops when leaving Virginia. N
Sharpsburg (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 35
ning with Cedar Run in August, 1862, and ending with the minor engagements in the valley after Sharpsburg, from first to last, show for that period, a loss of 21,294 in killed and wounded alone. Thist at Richmond, and did not participate in the campaign. The returns for September, made after Sharpsburg and the minor engagements following it, show for duty 52,609, while the loss in Longstreet's, Director's report in killed and wounded alone for Brownsboroa, Crampton's Gap, Harper's Ferry, Sharpsburg, and Shepherdstown, which was 10,291, and we have 62,900 to begin that series of engagements wthat we had no such force there. Without counting the loss in killed, wounded, and missing at Sharpsburg, which was 8,000 or 10,000, and the September returns would give us 52,609 to fight that, battth, and counting the losses, about 60,000, yet General Lee says he had less than 40,000 men at Sharpsburg, and I feel sure that 30,000 would cover our force of infantry and artillery on the field at t
Brandy Station (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 35
in 54,356, gives 6,552, which being deducted, leaves 47,834 as the strength of our infantry when it crossed the Potomac, without deducting my three regiments that were left behind, or the loss sustained in Ewell's corps in the fighting at Winchester and Martinsburg, which amounted to 269. Add the entire artillery and cavalry without any deduction, and our whole force would be only 61,830. But the fact was, that the cavalry had had a very severe engagement with that of the enemy near Brandy Station, on the 9th of June, and several other severe engagements near the Blue Ridge before it crossed the Potomac, in which, if Hooker's telegrams are to be accepted as correct, our cavalry was very badly handled, if not almost destroyed; but I take no account of them. It is well known how rapidly. cavalry diminishes from loss of horses in action or on the march — in fact, much more than from loss of men when there are no means of replacing the horses, as was the case with our cavalry.
Staunton, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 35
ac, also now before me, shows: Officers.Men. In Hays' brigade, for duty1191,281 Hoke's brigade, for duty961,225 Gordon's brigade, for duty1751,860 Smith's brigade, for duty97758 4875,124 487 In all, exclusive of division and brigade staff5,611 This shows a decrease of 1,615; but that in Hoke's and Smith's brigades was caused, mainly, by the absence of three regiments from those brigades left to occupy Winchester and guard the prisoners taken there and at Martinsburg back to Staunton. The decrease in Hays' and Gordon's brigades was 679, of which, 163. resulted from the loss in the fighting at Winchester, leaving the net loss in those two brigades, from exhaustion, foot-soreness, and straggling, 516. Their aggregate strength on the 10th of June, was 4,024; so there was a loss of a little more than 12 per cent. in those two brigades from other causes than casualties in battle, from the 10th to the 20th. They were compose of as good and well-seasoned soldiers as any in
Carlisle, Pa. (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 35
hing Well's advance to the Susquehanna and harrassing his rear on the march to Gettysburg from Carlisle, as was the case with Couch's force, and protecting Meade's communications to the rear, as was Lee with him and Rodes in the back porch of a small house north of the town, near the road from Carlisle, when a conference took place, of which I will speak before 1 am done. It was now after sun were ordered to hasten toward. He decided to await Johnson's division, which had marched from Carlisle by the road west of the mountains, to guard the trains of his corps, and consequently did not r We knew that Longstreet had been at Chambersburg when Gen. Lee had sent the order to Ewell at Carlisle for the concentration of the army, and that Ewell had then sent it to me at York, with the infohe way of Heidlersburg, several miles further than by the direct route, and Rodes had come from Carlisle, and we had both reached Gettysburg in time to participate in the first day's fight, which clos
Lookout Valley (Wisconsin, United States) (search for this): chapter 35
considerable change in the army between the 10th of June and the time the battle of Gettysburg was fought? says: A portion of the Pennsylvania Reserves, some 4,000 or 5,000, had been added to the Fifth corps; General Stannard's Vermont brigade had been added to the First corps, but were to go out of service very shortly, (it was, however, at Gettysburg); General Lockwood, with the Maryland brigade, of about 2,500 men, had joined the Twelfth corps. I have a memorandum among my papers at Lookout Valley, which will show all the additions made to Army of the Potomac. I do not remember the exact figures. On pages 417-8, he says: General Hooker had had in mind, as a part of his operations, to use the garrison at Harper's Ferry, which consisted of 10,000 or 11,000 men under General French. General Hooker's intention had been to take that garrison, with General Slocum's corps (the Twelfth), near Knoxville, the two making about 25,000 men, throw them rapidly in rear of General Lee, &c.
York, Pa. (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 35
ree miles from Heidlersburg in the direction of York, a distance of fully fourteen miles, I think, aneral Smith said the enemy was advancing on the York road with infantry, artillery, and cavalry, and and tell Gordon to take his brigade out on the York road and take command of Smith's also, and stopreceived of the enemy's advance in force on the York road, and it was necessary to keep my two brigaday before, and Colonel White, who moved on the York road on the march back, had reported to me thatof the town a short distance to look out on the York road, which was visible for nearly or quite twoirmishers was seen away out on our right of the York road, as we stood, apparently advancing towards my division best of all, for which the town of York is not yet done paying. We had pretty well gle army, and that Ewell had then sent it to me at York, with the information that the Federal army hadhe circuitous route mentioned, I had moved from York, by the way of Heidlersburg, several miles furt[1 more...]
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