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Richmond (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 2.11
kind above described on that field when I arrived there, and all that I saw in the way of works were some holes (not deep) dug to sink the wheels and trains of the pieces. I am, very truly yours, Winfield Hancock. To General Fitzhugh Lee, Richmond, Va. Letter from John B. Bachelder, Esq. You ask, How many troops would have oppposed Hill and Ewell had the attack been continued on the first day? For reasons already explained, I am not prepared to give, historically, the exact numbthe troops, until he finally became restless and rode back to meet General Longstreet and urge him forward. General Lindsay Walker, chief-of-artillery of Hill's corps, in a letter to me, says: Letter from General R. Lindsay Walker. Richmond, Va., January 17th, 1878. General Fitz. Lee: My dear sir: I cheerfully comply with a request to give you the following brief statement: I was, at Gettysburg, as I continued to be to the surrender at Appomattox Courthouse, chief of artillery
Tennessee (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 2.11
n to fight this great battle had been considered by the Commander of the Confederate army. This news was in turn succeeded by an extract from a letter from General Lee to General Longstreet, wherein he says, Had I taken your advice at Gettysburg, instead of pursuing the course I did, how different all might have been. Following this came an extract from a letter of Captain Gorie to General Longstreet. The captain had been sent as a bearer of dispatches from General Longstreet, then in East Tennessee, to General Lee at Orange Courthouse. In this extract Captain Gorie tells us that, upon my arrival there General Lee asked me in his tent, where he was alone, with two or three Northern papers on his table: He remarked that he had just been reading the Northern official reports of the battle of Gettysburg, and that he had become satisfied that, if he had permitted you to carry out your plans on the 3rd day, instead of making the attack on Cemetery Hill, we would have been successful.
Deep Run (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 2.11
ery battalions, averaging four four-gun batteries, each battalion being satisfactorily equipped and well commanded; and the group for each corps being under charge of a suitable chief. On the 5th of June, when preparations were in progress fora removal of general headquarters on the new campaign, the First and Second corps having already marched toward Culpeper, the enemy appeared in some force opposite Fredericksburg, and in the afternoon opened a heavy artillery fire near the mo uth of Deep Run, under cover of which they established, as some months before, a pontoon bridge and pushed across a body of infantry. That evening and the following morning were employed in adjusting the artillery and other troops of the Third corps, left on the Fredericksburg heights for this very contingency. But indications being satisfactory that the movement was only a feint, the Commanding-General, soon after midday, moved forward. According to instructions, my own course was also directed towards
Russia (Russia) (search for this): chapter 2.11
rate, and with the idea a decisive battle fought elsewhere might be more productive of substantial results. These premises admitted, not only is gross injustice done to the memory of General Lee, in believing he crossed the Potomac bound fast by a promise to a subordinate to make the movement strategically offensive tactically defensive, as charged by General Longstreet, but such reported promise contains a positive reflection upon General Lee's military sagacity. As well might the Czar of Russia, acting as commander-in-chief of his army, have so committed himself to the Grand Duke Nicholas, or under like circumstances, the Sublime Porte have tied himself up to Osman Pasha, the hero of Plevna. The truth is, General Lee and his army were full of fight, their objective point was the Federal army of the Potomac, and those people the Confederate chief had resolved to strike whenever and wherever the best opportunity occurred, strategically offensive and tactically defensive, to the con
Winchester, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 2.11
June 7tb. On the afternoon of June 13th the Second corps, Lieutenant-General Ewell commanding, which had a day or two before marched from Culpeper, approached Winchester, and Lieutenant-Colonel Andrews' artillery battalion operated with effect in driving back the enemy's advance on the Front Royal road. In the attack upon thant-Colonel Andrews and Lieutenant Contee were in this affair painfully, though not very dangerously wounded. While these events were transpiring at and near Winchester, General Rodes' division, accompanied by Lieutenant-Colonel Carter's artillery battalion, having marched by Berryville, approached Martinsburg, where was an add the enemy. Under the well-directed fire of Colonel Carter's batteries that force speedily abandoned the town, leaving, in addition to twenty-three captured in Winchester, five superior field-guns. In these several engagements our batteries lost six men killed and fifteen wounded. The Second corps, in its subsequent advance a
Rappahannock (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 2.11
e left to hold the gaps of the Blue Ridge, and did not get to the vicinity of Gettysburg until after the battles; so that of all the force I enumerate, Jenkins' brigade and White's battalion alone crossed the Potomac with the army. (Imboden's command was detached along the Baltimore & Ohio railroad, and was not in the fight at Gettysburg). Stuart after fighting at Brandy Station, on the 9th of June, a large body of Federal cavalry supported by infantry, and forcing them to recross the Rappahannock river with a loss (to them) of four hundred prisoners, three pieces of artillery, and several colors, (General Lee's report), marched into Loudoun county upon the right flank of the army, and was engaged in a series of conflicts, terminating with Pleasonton's cavalry corps and Barnes' division of infantry, upon the 21st June, which caused him to retire to the vicinity of Ashby's Gap in the Blue Ridge, our infantry being upon the western side of the mountains. 165 Leaving the brigade befor
y as he (General Lee) often did, suggested the attack. If Hood is correct, the suggestion had the strength of an order in General Lee's own mind at least, because upon no other theory can we explain his personal actions and impatience on that morning or his own words to others. The attempt of General Longstreet to hold General Lee to the full responsibility of the failure at Gettysburg, because, in a spirit of magnanimity which has excited the highest admiration both in this country and in Europe, he said on the field of Gettysburg, It is all my fault, as he had said in like spirit to Stonewall Jackson at Chancellorsville, The victory is yours, not mine, will excite only surprise and not carry conviction to the minds of the old soldiers of General Lee, who knew the General's habit of self-depreciation. The effort must therefore fail in its purpose. Now let us scrutinize the statement of General Longstreet that he had a plan to fight the battle of Gettysburg, which was submitted
Montgomery (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 2.11
mmanders, herewith submitted, than can be presented in a general statement. Regretting that no more could be achieved in the campaign, yet grateful for what has been accomplished, and for the still increasing strength with which we are enabled to wield this great arm of defence, I have the honor to be General, Respectfully, your obedient servant, W. N. Pendleton, Brigadier-General and Chief of Artillery. General R. E. Lee, Commanding. Letter from General E. P. Alexander. Montgomery, Ala., February 23, 1878. Rev. J. Wm. Jones, Secretary: Dear sir: The letter of Colonel J. B. Walton, in the February No. of the Southern Historical Society Papers, compels me, very reluctantly, to intrude upon your readers with a brief personal explanation. It might not be necessary were your readers confined to those who have any personal knowledge of the subject, but I trust that even these will excuse me when they remember that your pages have a very wide circulation, and will be refe
Hannover (Lower Saxony, Germany) (search for this): chapter 2.11
(inclusive of officers) numbered, according to Walter Taylor, at that date, 10,292. (I am satisfied, from a conversation with General Robertson, that McClellan overestimates the number of men in Jones' brigade, and therefore underestimates the number in some of the other brigades.) There is no authenticated return after the above date until August. After the return above cited, the losses at Brandy Station fight, the three days fighting in Loudoun, the encounter at Westminster, Maryland, Hanover, Pennsylvania, and other points, occurred, together with the usual reduction of mounted troops from long and rapid marching. It is proper to say that the return quoted did not include the commands of Jenkins, Imboden, or White. General Stuart, in his report (August No., 1876, Southern Historical Society Papers, p. 76,) estimated Jenkins' brigade, on leaving Virginia, at 3,800 troopers. I think this number is probably a misprint; from the best information I can get, this brigade numbered
Cemetery Hill (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 2.11
, Smith's of Steinwehr's division, left on Cemetery Hill as a reserve,) and Baford's two brigades o of the Eleventh corps as they passed over Cemetery Hill, but it had not been very successful. I pbattalions in mass, it is my recollection) Cemetery Hill, to the left of the Taneytown road. I aleventh corps, which occupied that part of Cemetery Hill immediately to the right and left of the Bfrom in front of the town, and reformed on Cemetery Hill, I have seen a statement in Bates' Battle h, with one battery remained in reserve on Cemetery Hill; Costar's brigade, of the same division, w of the Eleventh corps as they passed over Cemetery Hill, but it had not been successful; and that f the War). The Eleventh corps occupied Cemetery Hill with the artillery attached to the First ae 3rd day, instead of making the attack on Cemetery Hill, we would have been successful. These ln, whose battery was one of the nearest to Cemetery Hill, writes me, My battery was put in position[8 more...]
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