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Charleston (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 3.25
s along the river were not only on speaking terms with those of the enemy on the other side of the river, but covertly carried on quite a trade in exchanging coffee for tobacco, etc. This morning it was hallooed over to our side: You have taken Charleston, which news was sent to headquarters. Mr. Lincoln hearing of it wished me to come up and talk the matter over. I went and was ushered into a side tent, occupied only by himself and Hooker. My entrance apparently interrupted a weighty conversation, for both were looking grave. The President's manner was kindly, while the general, usually so courteous, forgot to be conventionally polite. The Charleston rumor having been briefly discussed, Mr. Lincoln remarked that it was time for him to leave. As he stepped toward the general, who had risen from his seat, as well as myself, he said: I want to impress upon you two gentlemen in your next fight,--and turning to me he completed the sentence,--put in all of your men--in the long run a
Plank (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 3.25
crossing the former at Chancellorsville, became the Plank road, bent to the left and united with the turnpike pike roads, Slocum and Howard on the right along the Plank road, the left to be near Banks's Ford by 2 P. M., t to see the general. In the meantime Slocum, on the Plank road to my right, had been ordered in, and the enemymusketry was fired into us from the direction of the Plank road. This was the beginning of the battle of Chancs front, particularly that section of it between the Plank road and turnpike. Sedgwick, the previous night, ha from Fredericksburg to that point diverged from the Plank road two miles to the left of Chancellorsville, and ew line for Stampede of the Eleventh Corps on the Plank road. his right flank perpendicular to the old one day evening, May 2, with artillery placed across the Plank road. From a War-time sketch. At about 5 A. M.ack along his intrenched line to the junction of the Plank road and the turnpike, when a cannon-shot struck the
Maine (Maine, United States) (search for this): chapter 3.25
th an exultant enemy as close in as they dared, or wished, or chose to be, firing and watching. But everything was brought off, except five hundred men of the Second Corps who, through the negligence of a lieutenant charged by Hancock with the responsibility of retiring the force at Mott's Run, were taken prisoners. However, under the circumstances, the division was retired in better shape than one could have anticipated. General Sickles assisted in getting men to draw off the guns of the Maine battery before spoken of. General Meade wished me to hold the strip of thicket in rear of Chancellorsville, some six hundred yards in front of our new line of defense. My reply was: I shall not leave men in this thicket to be shelled out by Lee's artillery. Its possession won't give us any strength. Yonder [pointing to the rear] is the line where the fighting is to be done. Hooker heard the conversation, but made no remarks. Considerable bodies of troops of different corps that lay in t
Kelly's Ford (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 3.25
attack the Confederate cavalry wherever it might be found, and Fight! Fight! Fight! At the end of two days march Stoneman found Outline map of the Chancellorsville campaign. The right wing of Hooker's army crossing the Rappahannock at Kelly's Ford. From a War-time sketch. the river so swollen by heavy rains that he was constrained to hold up, upon which Hooker suspended his advance until the 27th. This unexpected delay of the cavalry seemingly deranged Hooker's original plan of campafitness to command. The aim was to transfer his army to the south side of the river, where it would have a manoeuvring footing not confronted by intrenched positions. On the 27th of April the Eleventh and Twelfth corps were set in motion for Kelly's Ford, twenty-five miles up the Rappahannock, where they concentrated on the evening of the 28th, the Fifth, by reason of its shorter marching distance, moving on the 28th. The object of the expedition was unknown to the corps commanders until comm
Rappahannock (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 3.25
printed with permission from the Philadelphia times.--editors. by Darius N. Couch, Major-General, U. S. V. In the latter part of January, 1863, the Army of the Potomac under Burnside was still occupying its old camps on the left bank of the Rappahannock, opposite Fredericksburg. After the failures under Burnside it was evident that the army must have a new commander. For some days there had been a rumor that Hooker had been fixed upon for the place, and on the 26th of January it was confirm 30th ultimo--a good sleep; but at 2 A. M., communication having been reestablished, I received a sharp message from Hooker, to order the recrossing of the army as he had directed, and everything was safely transferred to the north bank of the Rappahannock. In looking for the causes of the loss of Chancellorsville, the primary ones were that Hooker expected Lee to fall back without risking battle. Finding himself mistaken he assumed the defensive, and was outgeneraled and became demoralized
Washington (United States) (search for this): chapter 3.25
inspiring confidence where there had been mistrust. Few changes were made in the heads of the general staff departments, but for his chief-of-staff Hooker applied for Brigadier-General Charles P. Stone, who, through some untoward influence at Washington, was not given to him. This was a mistake of the war dignitaries, although the officer finally appointed to the office, Major-General Daniel Butterfield, proved himself very efficient. Burnside's system of dividing the army into three grand dicouncil. Meade, Sickles, Howard, Reynolds, and myself were present; General Slocum, on account of the long distance from his post, did not arrive until after the meeting was broken up. Hooker stated that his instructions compelled him to cover Washington, not to jeopardize the army, etc. It was seen by the most casual observer that he had made up his mind to retreat. We were left by ourselves to consult, upon which Sickles made an elaborate argument, sustaining the views of the commanding gene
Jackson (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 3.25
d undertaken. It was about 5:30 in the evening when the head of Jackson's column found itself on the right and rear of the army, which on lines were assaulted by artillery and infantry. Just previous to Jackson's attack on the right a desperate effort was made by Lee's people to be used for that purpose. At the same time it was a menace to Jackson's right wing or flank. Before midnight some of the latter's entertion was restored at the point of the bayonet. The situation of Jackson's corps on the morning of May 3d was a desperate one, its front anch eventually saved this wing from utter annihilation. Staying Jackson's advance, Saturday evening, May 2, with artillery placed across tmind without charging it with details. The open field seized by Jackson's old corps after the Third Corps drew off was shortly dotted withroad enters the thicket. With such precision did the artillery of Jackson's old corps play upon this battery that The 29th Pennsylvania (
Chancellorsville (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 3.25
pril 30th, at the point of concentration, Chancellorsville. It had been a brilliantly conceived and fighting for a position. As I rode into Chancellorsville that night the general hilarity pervadingin peppery camp jokes. The position at Chancellorsville not only took in reverse the entire systee turnpike, from the west, passed through Chancellorsville, Chancellorsveille campaign. April 27 States Ford road, crossing the former at Chancellorsville, became the Plank road, bent to the left llorsville; the third road fell back from Chancellorsville toward the Rappahannock, passed along by ing general to withdraw both divisions to Chancellorsville. Turning to the officers around me, Hancontinuing my way through the woods toward Chancellorsville, I came upon some of the Fifth Corps undene and barely half a mile to the right of Chancellorsville. Sickles was retired, with the two colum A. M. The column immediately started for Chancellorsville, being more or less obstructed by the ene[21 more...]
Gordonsville (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 3.25
ime flew along and no attack came from the enemy seen moving in front, Hooker conceived that Lee was retreating toward Gordonsville. There was color for this view, as the main road from Fredericksburg to that point diverged from the Plank road two mnclusion that the enemy's army was moving into the center of Virginia. But instead of the hostile column being on the Gordonsville road in retreat, it was StoneWall's corps moving on an interior neighborhood road, about one mile distant, and in sear. I went into the Chancellor House, when General Hooker greeted me with the exclamation: Lee is in full retreat toward Gordonsville, and I have sent out Sickles to capture his artillery. I thought, without speaking it: If your conception is correct,of the right corps had been put off their guard by adopting the conjecture of Hooker, Lee's army is in full retreat to Gordonsville, as well as by expecting the enemy to attack precisely where ample preparations had been made to receive him. It can b
Falmouth, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 3.25
ed movement. In order to confound Lee, orders were issued to assemble the Sixth, Third, and First corps under Sedgwick at Franklin's Crossing and Pollock's Mill, some three miles below Fredericksburg, on the left, before daylight of the morning of the 29th, and throw two bridges across and hold them. This was done under a severe fire of sharp-shooters. The Second Corps, two divisions, marched on the 28th for Banks's Ford, four miles to the right; the other division, Gibbon's, occupying Falmouth, near the river-bank, was directed to remain in its tents, as they were in full view of the enemy, who would readily observe their withdrawal. On the 29th the two divisions of the Second Corps reached United States Ford, held by the enemy; but the advance of the right wing down the river uncovered it, whereupon a bridge of pontoons was thrown across and the corps reached Chancellorsville the same night as the Fifth, Eleventh, and Twelfth. The same day, the 30th, Sedgwick was instructed to
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