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n's Corps. There were also some forces from the defenses of Richmond, known as Ewell's Reserve Corps, commanded by Lieut.-Col. Thomas J. Spencer, which are not embraced in the foregoing list. The loss of Lee's army in killed and wounded is not known. The number paroled at Appomattox was, of infantry, 22,349; cavalry, 1559; artillery, 2576; and general headquarters and miscellaneous troops, 1747 = 28,231. In his official report of April 12th, 1865, General Lee says: On the morning of the 9th, according to the reports of the ordnance officers, there were 7892 organized infantry with arms. . . . The artillery [was] reduced to 63 pieces. . . . I have no accurate report of the cavalry, but believe it did not exceed 2100 effective men. Upon this subject General rant ( Personal memoirs, Vol. II., p. 500) remarks: When Lee finally surrendered. . . . there were only 28,356 officers and men left to be paroled, and many of these were without arms. It was probably this latter fact whic
hem on the west and north-west. A walk of half an hour would bring them to ground that neither their officers nor ours would pass over during their brief stay in the vicinity. At the end of February, 1865 (according to the inspection reports), the Army of Northern Virginia had 3005 officers and 43,052 men of infantry and cavalry present effective for the field. The artillery at this time probably numbered 5000, Custis Lee's division in the defenses of Richmond 3000, and Rosser's cavalry (which joined in March) 2000. After making due allowance for losses at Fort Stedman and along the lines up to March 28th, the effective strength of Lee's army at the beginning of the campaign is estimated as follows: cavalry, 5000; artillery, 5000; infantry, 44,000 = 54,000. This does not include local troops and naval forces, of which no data are obtainable. Graves of Union soldiers at City Point. From a War-time photograph. View of Goldsboro‘, North Carolina. From a War-time sketch.
them on the west and north-west. A walk of half an hour would bring them to ground that neither their officers nor ours would pass over during their brief stay in the vicinity. At the end of February, 1865 (according to the inspection reports), the Army of Northern Virginia had 3005 officers and 43,052 men of infantry and cavalry present effective for the field. The artillery at this time probably numbered 5000, Custis Lee's division in the defenses of Richmond 3000, and Rosser's cavalry (which joined in March) 2000. After making due allowance for losses at Fort Stedman and along the lines up to March 28th, the effective strength of Lee's army at the beginning of the campaign is estimated as follows: cavalry, 5000; artillery, 5000; infantry, 44,000 = 54,000. This does not include local troops and naval forces, of which no data are obtainable. Graves of Union soldiers at City Point. From a War-time photograph. View of Goldsboro‘, North Carolina. From a War-time sketch.
his subject General rant ( Personal memoirs, Vol. II., p. 500) remarks: When Lee finally surrendered. . . . there were only 28,356 officers and men left to be paroled, and many of these were without arms. It was probably this latter fact which gave rise to the statement sometimes made, North and South, that Lee surrendered a smaller number of men than what the official figures show. As a matter of official record, and in addition to the number paroled as given above, we captured between March 29th and the date of surrender 19,132 Confederates, to say nothing of Lee's other losses, killed, wounded, and missing, during the series of desperate conflicts which marked his headlong and determined flight. In regard to the statement that, of the troops surrendered, only about 8000 had arms, General Humphreys says: If, indeed, that is correct, then the greater part of those men who had no arms must have thrown them away when they found that they must surrender. This was not difficult to do
. Battery, Capt. Benjamin H. Smith, Jr. Johnson's Battalion, Lieut.-Col. Marmaduke Johnson: Va. Battery (Clutter's), Lieut. Lucas McIntosh; Va. Battery, Capt. John G. Pollock. Lightfoot's Battalion: Va. Battery (Caroline Art'y),----; Va. Battery (Nelson Art'y),----; Va. Battery (Surry Art'y),----. Stark's Battalion, Lieut.-Col. Alexander W. Stark: La. Battery (Green's),----; Va. Battery, Capt. David A. French; Va. Battery, Capt. A. D. Armistead. Third Army Corps, Attached to First Corps April 2d, after death of General Hill. Lieut.-Gen. Ambrose P. Hill (k). Provost Guard: 5th Ala. Batt'n, Capt. Wade Ritter. Heth's division, Maj.-Gen. Henry Heth. Davis's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Joseph R. Davis: 1st Confederate Batt'n, Capt. Anthony B. Bartlett; 2d Miss.,----; 11th Miss.,----; 26th Miss.,----; 42d Miss.,----. Cooke's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. John R. Cooke: 15th N. C., Col. William H. Yarborough; 27th N. C., Lieut.-Col. Joseph C. Webb; 46th N. C., Col. William L. Saunders; 48th N. C., C
Lieut.-Col. Joseph Hyde; 126th N. Y. (batt'n), Capt. John B. Geddis, Capt. I. Hart Wilder. Fourth Brigade, Col. John Ramsey: 64th N. Y. (batt'n), Lieut.-Col. William Glenny; 66th N. Y., Capt. Nathaniel P. Lane; 53d Pa., Col. William M. Mintzer; 116th Pa., Maj. David W. Megraw, Capt. John R. Weltner; 145th Pa., Capt. James H. Hamlin; 148th Pa., Capt. A. A. Rhinehart, Capt. John F. Sutton; 183d Pa., Col. George T. Egbert. Second division, Brig.-Gen. Wm. Hays (assigned to Artillery Reserve April 6th), Brig.-Gen. Francis C. Barlow. First Brigade, Col. William A. Olmsted: 19th Me., Col. Isaac W. Starbird, Lieut.-Col. J. W. Spaulding; 19th Mass., Capt. Charles S. Palmer; 20th Mass., Lieut.-Col. Arthur R. Curtis; 7th Mich., Lieut.-Col. George W. La Point; 1st Minn. (2 co's), Capt. Frank Houston; 59th N. Y., Capt. William Ludgate; 152d N. Y., Maj. James E. Curtiss; 184th Pa., Col. John H. Stover; 36th Wis., Lieut.-Col. Clement E. Warner. Second Brigade, Col. James P. McIvor: 8th N. Y. H
Chew's Battalion: Va. Battery (Graham's),----; Va. Battery (McGregor's),----. Breathed's Battalion, Maj. James Breathed: Va. Battery (P. P. Johnston's),----; Va. Battery (Shoemaker's),----; Va. Battery (Thomson's), G. W. C. Lee's division, Maj.-Gen. G. W. Custis Lee. [Composed of Barton's and Crutchfield's brigades, with Tucker's naval battalion attached.] The following battalions of artillery, borne on Lee's return for January 31st, 1865, are not enumerated in the parole list of April 9th, from which this roster of troops and commanders is mainly compiled, viz.: Cabell's of the First Corps, Nelson's of the Second Corps, Lane's and Eshleman's of the Third Corps, and Sturdivant's of Anderson's Corps. There were also some forces from the defenses of Richmond, known as Ewell's Reserve Corps, commanded by Lieut.-Col. Thomas J. Spencer, which are not embraced in the foregoing list. The loss of Lee's army in killed and wounded is not known. The number paroled at Appomattox wa
oops and commanders is mainly compiled, viz.: Cabell's of the First Corps, Nelson's of the Second Corps, Lane's and Eshleman's of the Third Corps, and Sturdivant's of Anderson's Corps. There were also some forces from the defenses of Richmond, known as Ewell's Reserve Corps, commanded by Lieut.-Col. Thomas J. Spencer, which are not embraced in the foregoing list. The loss of Lee's army in killed and wounded is not known. The number paroled at Appomattox was, of infantry, 22,349; cavalry, 1559; artillery, 2576; and general headquarters and miscellaneous troops, 1747 = 28,231. In his official report of April 12th, 1865, General Lee says: On the morning of the 9th, according to the reports of the ordnance officers, there were 7892 organized infantry with arms. . . . The artillery [was] reduced to 63 pieces. . . . I have no accurate report of the cavalry, but believe it did not exceed 2100 effective men. Upon this subject General rant ( Personal memoirs, Vol. II., p. 500) remarks
Nelson's of the Second Corps, Lane's and Eshleman's of the Third Corps, and Sturdivant's of Anderson's Corps. There were also some forces from the defenses of Richmond, known as Ewell's Reserve Corps, commanded by Lieut.-Col. Thomas J. Spencer, which are not embraced in the foregoing list. The loss of Lee's army in killed and wounded is not known. The number paroled at Appomattox was, of infantry, 22,349; cavalry, 1559; artillery, 2576; and general headquarters and miscellaneous troops, 1747 = 28,231. In his official report of April 12th, 1865, General Lee says: On the morning of the 9th, according to the reports of the ordnance officers, there were 7892 organized infantry with arms. . . . The artillery [was] reduced to 63 pieces. . . . I have no accurate report of the cavalry, but believe it did not exceed 2100 effective men. Upon this subject General rant ( Personal memoirs, Vol. II., p. 500) remarks: When Lee finally surrendered. . . . there were only 28,356 officers and
January 31st, 1865 AD (search for this): chapter 17.112
---; 22d Va.,----. artillery, Lieut.-Col. R. B. Chew. Chew's Battalion: Va. Battery (Graham's),----; Va. Battery (McGregor's),----. Breathed's Battalion, Maj. James Breathed: Va. Battery (P. P. Johnston's),----; Va. Battery (Shoemaker's),----; Va. Battery (Thomson's), G. W. C. Lee's division, Maj.-Gen. G. W. Custis Lee. [Composed of Barton's and Crutchfield's brigades, with Tucker's naval battalion attached.] The following battalions of artillery, borne on Lee's return for January 31st, 1865, are not enumerated in the parole list of April 9th, from which this roster of troops and commanders is mainly compiled, viz.: Cabell's of the First Corps, Nelson's of the Second Corps, Lane's and Eshleman's of the Third Corps, and Sturdivant's of Anderson's Corps. There were also some forces from the defenses of Richmond, known as Ewell's Reserve Corps, commanded by Lieut.-Col. Thomas J. Spencer, which are not embraced in the foregoing list. The loss of Lee's army in killed and wo
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