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Bull Run Mountains (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
t battery with Company G of the Second United States Artillery. The foregoing was compiled from the General Orders of the Commander-in-chief, dated 8th of July, 1861. commanded respectively by Brigadier-Generals Daniel Tyler and Theodore Runyon, and Colonels David Hunter, Samuel P. Heintzelman, and Dixon S. Miles. The Confederate force against which this army was to move was distributed along Bull's Run, This is an inconsiderable stream, which rises in the range of hills known as Bull's Run Mountains. See map on page 586. It empties into the Occoquan River about twelve miles from the Potomac. from Union Mill, where the Orange and Alexandria Railway crosses that stream, to the Stone Bridge of the Warrenton Turnpike, the interval being about eight miles. The disposition of the Confederate forces was as follows:-- Ewell's brigade occupied a position near the Union Mill Ford, and was composed of the Fifth and Seventh Alabama, and Fifth Louisiana Volunteers, with four 12-pound h
Millwood (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
Shenandoah to join that of the Potomac at Manassas at once. Johnston received the dispatch at one o'clock on the morning Joseph E. Johnston. of the 18th. It was necessary to fight and defeat General Patterson or to elude him. The latter was accomplished, and Johnston, with six thousand infantry, reached Manassas Junction at about noon on the 20th. His whole army, excepting about two thousand of his sick and a guard of militia, who had been left at Winchester, had marched by the way of Millwood through Ashby's Gap to Piedmont, See map on page 586. Beauregard sent Colonel Chisholm, one of his aids, to meet Johnston, and suggest the propriety of his sending down a part of his force by the way of Aldie, to fall upon the flank and rear of the Nationals at Centreville. Lack of transportation prevented that movement. See Beauregard's Report, August 26, 1861. whence the infantry were conveyed by railway, while the cavalry and artillery, because of a lack of rolling stock This tec
Minnesota (Minnesota, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
oes. Heintzelman himself was uncertain, and he rode in between the two lines. The problem was solved a moment afterward, when the colors of each were seen. .Then a blaze of fire flashed from each line, and terrible slaughter ensued. Both batteries were disabled by the first volley, for it prostrated a greater portion of the cannoneers and one-half of the horses. Captain Ricketts was wounded, and Lieutenant D. Ramsay was killed. The Confederates were there in overwhelming numbers. The Minnesota regiment was compelled to retire. The First Michigan and Fourteenth New York were likewise repulsed. The Confederates, too, were often pushed back, and both sides fought with the greatest bravery. Stonewall Jackson had dashed forward and attempted to carry off the guns, but was driven back by the Thirty-eighth New York and the. Zouaves, and the latter dragged three of Ricketts' pieces away, but not far enough to save them. In the mean time, McDowell had ordered Sherman, who occupied
Connecticut (Connecticut, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
h, dated July 22, 1861. His wish was soon more than satisfied. Just then, a cloud of dust was seen in the direction of the Manassas Gap Railway. Johnston had already been informed that United States troops were on that road. He believed Patterson had outmarched his oncoming Army of the Shenandoah, and with fresh troops would easily gain a victory for the Nationals. The story was untrue. They were Johnston's own troops, about four thousand in number, under General E. Kirby Smith, of Connecticut. They had come down by the Manassas Gap Railway; and when Smith heard the thunder of cannon on his left, he stopped the cars, and leaving them, he hurried across the country with his troops in the direction of the conflict, with three regiments of Elzy's Brigade. Johnston received him at The portico with joy, and ordered him to attack the right flank of the Nationals immediately. In doing so he fell, severely wounded, when Colonel Elzy executed the order promptly. Map illustrating t
Bull Run, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
Near the Stone Bridge the general course of Bull's Run is north and south, and the Warrenton turnpi thousand Nationals were on the west side of Bull's Run, and thirteen thousand of them were soon figy toward Sudley's Ford and other passages of Bull's Run, toward Centreville. With many of the regimnforcements all day, while not a man crossed Bull's Run after twelve o'clock to re-enforce the Natiog passing columns of the Confederates beyond Bull's Run with shot and shell from the batteries of Gre and much disorder, towards the passages of Bull's Run, from the Stone Bridge to Sudley's Ford, purwenty-eight of the forty-nine pieces crossed Bull's Run before the battle, and only one was brought me, a greater portion of those who came over Bull's Run had been fighting under a blazing sun. They ashington, which they had left Monument on Bull's Run battle-ground. in high spirits on the 16th,ttle of Manassas. It was fought much nearer Bull's Run than Manassas, and the title above given see[31 more...]
Stannard (New York, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
broke the Confederate line into fragments, and sent them flying, was a furious charge directly on their center by the New York Twenty-seventh, Colonel Henry W. Slocum. The troops engaged in this first severe conflict of the day were the First and Second Rhode Island, Second New Hampshire, Eighth, Fourteenth, and Twenty-seventh New York, Sykes's battalion of Regulars, Griffin'a battery, and Major Reynolds's Rhode Island Marine Artillery. The fugitives found General T. J. Jackson, with Stanard's battery, on the plateau. He was in command of reserves next behind Bee, and had just arrived and taken position on the eastern edge of the table-land. When Bee hurriedly exclaimed, They are beating us back! Jackson calmly replied, Well, Sir, we will give them the bayonet. This firmness encouraged Bee, and he tried to rally his men. Form! Form! he cried. There stands Jackson like a stone wall. The force of that idea was wonderful. The flight was checked, and comparative order was
Rhode Island (Rhode Island, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
soon his regiment, with Marston's Second New Hampshire, and Martin's Seventy-first New York, with Griffin's battery, and Major Reynolds's Marine Artillery, of Rhode Island, opened the battle. Evans was soon so hard pressed that his line was beginning to waver, when General Bee, who had advanced with the detachments of his own an the bodies of Slocum, Ballou, and Captain Tower, of the same regiment (the latter was killed at the beginning of the battle), were disinterred and conveyed to Rhode Island. When their remains reached New York, General Sandford detailed the Sixty-ninth, Seventy-first, and Thirty-seventh New York Regiments to act as an escort. Pornter, but his position was such, with his brigade, that the battle was directed by Burnside, who was ably assisted by Colonel Sprague, the youthful Governor of Rhode Island, who took the immediate command of the troops from his State. The conflict had been going on for about an hour, and the result was doubtful, when Porter cam
Jackson (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
the heavy firing, and by intelligence that reached them of the strength and movements of the Nationals, sent orders for Generals Holmes, Early, and Ewell to move with their troops with all possible speed in the direction of the sound of the battle, and for Bonham to send forward two regiments and a battery. They then hurried at a rapid gallop from their position, four miles distant, to the plateau, where they found the whole Confederate force to be only about seven thousand men, including Jackson's brigade. They were in a strong position, well sheltered by the thicket of pines already mentioned, and had thirteen cannon, most of them masked in shrubbery, in position to sweep the whole table-land with grape and canister. Pendleton, Johnston's Chief of Artillery, had been ordered to follow him with a battery. But the Nationals, who were then pressing hard upon them, greatly outnumbered them. It was a moment of intense anxiety for the Confederate commanders. They had little hope fo
North Carolina (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
formation seemed to go out to them regularly from the Headquarters of the General-in-chief. For example, a military map of the region west of Washington had been completed at the War Department only two days before Tyler's advance on Centreville. When the Confederates left there in haste, they left many things behind them. Among these was a copy of that map, which was supposed to be known only to some of the higher officers in the Army. was there, and had ordered up from Manassas some North Carolina and Louisiana troops, who had just arrived there on their way to Winchester. The woods were so thick that his forces were mostly concealed, as well as his batteries, excepting one on an open elevation. Hoping to draw their fire and discover their positions Ayres's battery was placed on a commanding eminence, and a 20-pound cannon, under Lieutenant Edwards, was fired at random. Only the battery in view responded, and grape-shot from it killed two cavalry horses and The field of opera
Maryland (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 25
Philadelphia. For a full elucidation of this matter, see volume II. of the Report of the Committee on the Conduct of the War; and Narrative of the Campaign in the Shenandoah Valley: by Major-General Robert Patterson. Patterson seems to have done all that was possible for a prudent and obedient soldier to do, under the circumstances. If he did not prevent the disaster at Bull's Run, he undoubtedly prevented a greater, by keeping Johnston and his heavy force from a meditated invasion of Maryland, and the capture of Washington City by assault in the rear. The flight of the National army back to the defenses of Washington, and the attending circumstances, afforded one of the most impressive, picturesque, and even ludicrous episodes in history. The determination, the strength, and the resources of the Confederates had been greatly underrated, and there was perfect confidence in the public mind that the impending battle near Manassas would result in absolute and crushing victory fo
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