e State House and the Palmetto Flag was unfurled in its place; and it was boastfully declared that the old ensign — the detested rag of the Union --should never again float in the free air of South Carolina.
Already Robert Barnwell Rhett, appropriately called the Father of South Carolina secession, had sounded the tocsin.
He was an arrogant demagogue, whose family name was Smith, and whose lineal root was to be found in obscurity, among the sand-hills near the mouth of the Cape Fear River, in North Carolina.
He made his residence at Beaufort, South Carolina, when he dropped the name of Smith and took that of Rhett — a name honorable in the early history of that State.
Note to article on Beaufort District, by Frederic Kidder, in the Continental Monthly, 1862. He succeeded in taking position among respectable men in South Carolina.
With vulgar instinct
Robert Barnwell Rhett. he spurned the common people, boasted of superior blood, and by the force of social influence, and mu
f the decision of the Supreme Court, in the case of Dred Scott, that the descendant of a slave could not be a citizen of the United States,
See Note 1, page 34. as the settled policy of the Government toward the inhabitants of the country, of African origin.
He also proposed that neither Congress nor the people of any Territory should interfere with Slavery therein, while it remained a Territory; that the Missouri Compromise, as to the limits of Slavery, should be revived; that Congress shouth Carolina, whom the people were required to venerate as an oracle of wisdom.
Rhett gave the key-note.
Men went out at once, as missionaries of treason, all over South Carolina, and motley crowds of men, women, and children — Caucasian and African — listened, in excited groups, at cross-roads, court-houses, and other usual gathering-places.
The burden of every speech was the wrongs suffered by South Carolina, in the Union; her right and her duty to leave it; her power to defy the world i
; James H. Campbell, of Pennsylvania; Peter E. Love, of Georgia; Orris S. Ferry, of Connecticut; Henry Winter Davis, of Maryland; C. Robinson, of Rhode Island; W. G. Whiteley, of Delaware; M. W. Tappen, of New Hampshire; John L. N. Stratton, of New Jersey; F. M. Bristow, of Kentucky; J. S. Morrill, of Vermont; T. A. R. Nelson, of Tennessee; Wm. McKee Dunn, of Indiana; Miles Taylor, of Louisiana; Reuben Davis, of Mississippi; William Kellogg, of Illinois; George S. Houston, of Alabama; F. H. Morsceedings of Congress, Feb. 7, 1861, reported in Congressional Globe. Mr. Vallandigham proposed the following grouping of States in the four sections:--The North, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. The West, Ohio, Indiana,, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, and Kansas. The Pacific, Oregon and California. The South, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mis