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Elizabeth (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 15
Washington that the Merrimack was ready for action, the Monitor was ordered to proceed to the expected scene of her performance. At a little before noon on Saturday, the 8th of March, 1862. the dreaded Merrimack was seen coming down the Elizabeth River toward Hampton Roads, accompanied by two ordinary gun-boats. At the same time, doubtless by pre-concert, two other Confederate gun-boats had come down from Richmond and made their appearance in the James River, a short distance above Newpor when, said Van Brunt afterward, all on board felt that we had a friend that would stand by us in an hour of trial. That Sabbath morning dawned brightly. Before sunrise the dreaded Merrimack, with her attendants, was seen coming down the Elizabeth River again, to begin anew her savage work. The drums of the Minnesota beat to quarters, and the people hidden in the Monitor prepared for battle. As the Merrimack approached, the stern guns of the Minnesota were opened upon her, when the Monito
Jackson (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 15
re. Lander also occupied Romney, but fell back on the approach of Jackson's superior force, when the latter took post at Winchester. Land and drawing Jackson from his supports. He was closely pursued by Jackson's cavalry, under Turner Ashby, one of the most dashing of the Confthe time when the National scouts saw nothing but Ashby's cavalry, Jackson's whole force was strongly posted in battle order, with artillery er to employ all of his disposable infantry in an attempt to carry Jackson's batteries, and then to turn his left flank and hurl it back on i shelter, where a desperate James Shields. struggle ensued with Jackson's famous Stonewall brigade. For a little while the result was doue dead found on the battle-field after the conflict, and estimated Jackson's entire loss at nearly 1500. The National loss, according to hisates up the valley almost to Mount Jackson. This demonstration of Jackson's, and information that he might instantly call re-enforcements to
Charleston (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 15
nder Colonel Geary to reoccupy Harper's Ferry, See page 138. as the first step toward seizing and holding the Shenandoah Valley. He took command there in person late in February, and with his forces occupied the heights near the ferry; also Charleston and Leesburg, and other important points on each side of the Blue Ridge. Jackson, who had occupied Ad places directly in front of Banks, was pushed back to Winchester, where he was posted with his division of nearly eight thousand men, when, e says (Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, page 103) that this exposition of the views and wishes of the Confederate commander was given to him by Johnston himself. At that time the whole sea-coast below Norfolk to St. Augustine, excepting at Charleston and its immediate vicinity, was in possession of the National forces. For the purpose of holding the Peninsula temporarily, re-enforcements were sent down from Richmond when it was known that McClellan was intrenching, General Magruder, in
Ship Island (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 15
Dowell, in explanation of the position in which he and Franklin were placed, the General-in-Chief curtly remarked, You are entitled to have any opinion you please. When the President asked McClellan C what and when any thing could be done, the latter replied, with more force than courtesy, that the case was so clear that a blind man could see it; and then spoke of the difficulty of ascertaining what force he could count upon; that he did not know whether he could let General Butler go to Ship Island, See page 324. or whether he could re-enforce Burnside. See page 315. To the direct question of the Secretary of the Treasury, to the effect as to what he intended doing with his army, and where he intended doing, McClellan answered, that the movements in Kentucky were to precede any from Washington. McDowell's Notes. This part of the plan of the General-in-Chief (the movements in the West) was soon gloriously carried out, as we have already observed; and before the Army of the P
Raleigh (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 15
sota (steam frigate) was ordered to hasten in the same direction. Her main-mast was crippled by a shot sent from Sewell's Point when she was passing, and when within a mile and a half of Newport-Newce she ran aground. There she was attacked by the Merrimack and two of the Confederate gun-boats, the Jamestown and Patrick Henry. The armed vessels that assisted the Merrimack in her raid, were the Patrick Henry, Commander Tucker, 6 guns; Jamestown, Lieutenant-Commanding Barney, 2 guns; and Raleigh, Lieutenant-Commanding Alexander; Beaufort, Lieutenant-Commanding Parker, and Teazer, Lieutenant-Commanding Webb, each one gun. Fortunately, the water was so shallow that the Merrimack could not approach within a mile of her. She fought gallantly, and at dusk her assailants, considerably crippled, withdrew, and went up toward Norfolk. Commodore Buchanan and several others on board the Merrimack were wounded. The Commander was so badly hurt that Captain Jones, his second in command, took
Fortress Monroe (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 15
he declared he should prefer to move from Fortress Monroe as a base, to an attack upon Manassas. and 57. At the same time General Wool at Fortress Monroe, and General Wadsworth, back of Arlingtonnning of March, and when General Wool, at Fortress Monroe, and Captain Marston, the commander of thnnesota, Captain Van Brunt, were lying at Fortress Monroe, several miles distant. These were signa forwarded re-enforcements, by land, from Fortress Monroe. We have noticed the attack on the Mithdrew; the Monitor making her way toward Fortress Monroe, and the Merrimack and her tenders towardown the Chesapeake and debark the army at Fortress Monroe, instead of Urbana or Mob-Jack Bay, and fClellan had been forwarding his forces to Fortress Monroe, preparatory to an advance on Richmond. days later, he had under his command, at Fortress Monroe, one hundred and twenty-one thousand men ula, exclusive of General Wool's force at Fortress Monroe, which was fully co-operating with him, [5 more...]
North Anna (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 15
the cavalry of Stuart and Ewell, a battery of artillery, and some infantry. Stoneman's report to General McClellan, March 16, 1862. Then the Confederates moved leisurely on and encamped, first behind the Rappahannock, and then in a more eligible position beyond the Rapid Anna. This is the correct orthography of the name of one of three rivers in that part of Virginia, which has been generally written, in connection with the war, Rapidan. These small rivers are called, respectively, North Anna, South Anna, and Rapid Anna; the word Anna being frequently pronounced with brevity, Ann. This promenade (as one of McClellan's aids, of the Orleans family, called it) of the Army of the Potomac disappointed the people, and confirmed the President's opinion, indicated in an order issued on the 11th, that the burden of managing that army in person, and, as general-in-chief, directing the movements of all the others, was too much for General McClellan to bear. By this order he kindly re
Edgefield (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 15
e the Army of the Potomac had fairly inaugurated its campaign, in the spring of 1862, the active little army under Grant, and the forces of Buell and Pope, in connection with Foote's gun-boats and mortars, had captured Forts Henry and Donelson, Nashville and Columbus; had driven the Confederates out of Kentucky; had seized the Gibraltar of the Mississippi (Island Number10); and had penetrated to Northern Alabama, and fought the. great battles and won a victory at Shiloh. See Chapters VII., Va general plan of operations under the administration of General Scott; and declared that it was his intention to gain, through the forces in the West, the control of, the Eastern Tennessee Railroad, and then have attacks made simultaneously on Nashville and Richmond. He developed his plan for operations by the Army of the Potomac against Richmond by way of Chesapeake Bay, already mentioned, the base being Urbana, on the lower Rappahannock, and presented a long array of arguments in its favor.
Poquosin River (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 15
ose to sustain him, so far as in his most anxious judgment he consistently could. His last words were--But you must act. McClellan did not heed the closing injunction. Almost a month longer he hesitated in front of Magruder's feebly manned lines, digging parallels, forming batteries and redoubts, and preparing for an assault upon Yorktown with as much caution as did the American and French armies on the same field in 1781 ; He established a depot of supplies at Ship Point, on the Poquosin River, an arm of Chesapeake Bay, near the mouth of the York River. His first parallel was opened at about a mile from Yorktown, and under its protection batteries were established along a curved line extending from the York River on the right to the head of the Warwick River on the left, with a cord about a mile in length. He constructed 14 batteries and 3 redoubts, and fully armed them with heavy siege-guns, some of them 100-pounders and 200-pounders. and at the close of April, when his pre
Hampton (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 15
ing the siege of Yorktown in 1781. a position, experts say, to perform the best service in such co-operation, while it would serve the other purpose of covering Washington, for it was to occupy a position to prevent Johnston turning back from the Rappahannock to sack the National Capital, and also to keep Confederate troops in that region and over the Blue Ridge from joining those at Richmond. At this time General J. B. Magruder, whom we have already met at Big Bethel and the burning of Hampton, was in command of eleven thousand men on the Virginia Peninsula, between the James and York rivers, with his Headquarters at Yorktown, which he had fortified. Magruder had intended to make his line of defense as far down the Peninsula as Big Bethel, at positions in front of Howard's and Young's Mills, and at Ship Point, on the York River. But when he perceived the strong force gathered at Fortress Monroe, he felt too weak to make a stand on his proposed line, and he prepared to receive M
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