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New Kent (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
from the site of the old one. It was yet standing when the writer visited the spot in June, 1866. It was on a level plain, and near it was a National cemetery into which the remains of the slain Union soldiers buried in the surrounding fields were then being collected and reinterred. not far from the Chickahomminy, and between eight and nine miles from Richmond. His advanced light troops had reached Bottom's The modern White House. bridge, on the Chickahominy, at the crossing of the New Kent road, two days before. The Confederates had destroyed the bridge, but left the point uncovered. Casey's division of Keyes's corps was thrown across, May 20. and occupied the heights on the Richmond side of the stream, supported by Heintzelman. In the mean time a most important movement had been made in McClellan's rear by the Confederates at Norfolk, and by General Wool at Fortress Monroe. Wool, who saw the eminent advantage of the James River as a highway for the supplies of an army
Maryland (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
ver. Banks was at Strasburg, about fifteen miles distant, unsuspicious of great danger being so near, when, at evening, he was startled by intelligence of Kenly's disaster, and the more astounding news that Jackson, at the head of about twenty thousand men, His force consisted of Ashby's cavalry, the brigades of Winder, Campbell, and Fulkerston, the command of General E. S. Johnson, and the division of General Ewell, composed of the brigades of Generals Elzy, Taylor, and Trimble, the Maryland line, consisting of the First Maryland and Brockenborough's battery, under General George H. Stewart, and the Second and Sixth Virginia cavalry, under Colonel Flournoy. was rapidly making his way toward Winchester. It was Jackson's intention to cut Banks off from re-enforcements and capture or disperse his troops. Banks had perceived his danger too soon, and with his usual energy and skill he resumed his flight down the valley at nine o'clock the next morning, May 24, 1862. his train in
North Carolina (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
n the flank and rear of the Confederate line of defense, and seriously menaced its integrity. He directed General Hill to send a sufficient force to drive back the Nationals, and to this duty General Jubal Early, with a force of Virginia and North Carolina troops, was assigned. Hancock had earnestly called for re-enforcements, but they did not come. Twice General Smith had been ordered to send them, and each time the order was countermanded just as they were about to move, for Sumner was ung Banks closely, with orders to hold him, while General Lee, with a strong column, should push beyond the Rappahannock to cut off the communication between Winchester and Alexandria, On the 5th of May Lee wrote to Ewell that he had ordered North Carolina troops to report to him at Gordonsville, and said: I desire that those troops shall not be drawn to Swift Run Gap unless your necessities require it, the object being to form a strong column for the purpose of moving beyond the Rappahannock,
Washington (United States) (search for this): chapter 16
others were redoubts, similar to those cast up around Washington City. At these works the retreating Confederates left a stTyphoid fever supervened, and he died a month later at Washington city. It would be a delightful task to record the names of note:-- Northern soldiers, who profess to revere Washington, forbear to desecrate the home of his first married life was not in existence until more than thirty years after Washington's death, had the effect, for a while, to have it guardedain body from the Rapid Anna to the defense of Richmond, Washington was relieved, and McDowell's corps was ordered forward tcipated, and which might have resulted in the capture of Washington, had not the corps of McDowell been left for its defensecountermanded a few hours later, for, on their return to Washington, the President and his War Minister were met by startlinields to New Market, when both commanders were called to Washington. Jackson re-crossed the Shenandoah and encamped at Weye
Monterey (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
orm a strong column for the purpose of moving beyond the Rappahannock, to cut off the enemy's communication between Winchester and Alexandria. --Autograph letter of Robert E. Lee. This was precisely such a movement as the Government anticipated, and which might have resulted in the capture of Washington, had not the corps of McDowell been left for its defense. when he was startled by the information that one of Fremont's brigades, under General Milroy, was approaching from the direction of Monterey, either to join Banks or to fall upon Staunton. He perceived that such a junction, or the occupation of Staunton, might give to the, Nationals the possession of the, Shenandoah Valley, and he took immediate measures to prevent the catastrophe. Leaving Ewell to watch Banks, he moved rapidly upon Staunton, and from that point sent Johnson, with five brigades, to attack Milroy. The latter, greatly outnumbered, fell back to the Bull Pasture Mountains and took post at McDowell, thirty-six mil
New Market (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
ned back to McDowell, recrossed the Shenandoah mountains to Lebanon Sulphur Springs, rested a little, and then pressed forward to fall upon Banks. The latter had fled to Strasburg pursued by Ewell, and Jackson pushed on,, joining the latter at New Market. Then he led the united forces into the Luray Valley, between the Massanutten Mountain and the Blue Ridge, and hastened toward Front Royal, to cut off Banks's retreat in that direction, if he should attempt to join McDowell by way of the Manasillfully won by the latter. On the following morning June 9, 1862. the National army began to retrace its steps, and, in the midst of a drenching rain, it reached Harrisonburg toward evening. Fremont fell back to Mount Jackson and Shields to New Market, when both commanders were called to Washington. Jackson re-crossed the Shenandoah and encamped at Weyer's Cave, June 12. two miles from Port Republic, and on the 17th he was summoned, with a greater portion of his army, to assist in the defe
Mulberry Island (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
ield) was about 100,000. The commanding General seems to have been singularly uninformed or misinformed concerning the country before him, during this campaign. He refused to receive information from the loyal negroes, preferring to take the testimony of Confederate prisoners. He officially declared that information concerning the forces and position of the enemy was vague and untrustworthy, and when he commenced his march up the Peninsula, he did not know, he says, whether so-called Mulberry Island was a real island, or which was the true course of the Warwick River across the Peninsula, or that the Confederates had fortifications along that stream. See McClellan's Report, page 74. Experts on both sides (among them several of McClellan's Generals) declared their belief that,. had the fugitives been promptly and vigorously pursued the next morning, the National army might easily have followed them right into Richmond; See Report of the Committee on the Conduct of the War, i. 20
Cross Keys (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
the battle fell upon him and Stahl, and upon Trimble on the part of the Confederates. Stahl's troops Union Church at Cross Keys. this little picture shows the appearance of the Church when the writer sketched it, in October, 1866. it was built Port Republic. Jackson had crossed the Shenandoah, and was occupying the town when Fremont and Ewell were fighting at Cross Keys. The vanguard of Shields's force, under acting Brigadier-general Carroll, had been pressing up the eastern side of thet breakfast in Harrisonburg the next morning at eight o'clock. An hour later we were on our way to the battle-fields of Cross Keys and Port Republic, in a well-worn and rusty pleasure-carriage belonging to a colored man, the proprietor of a livery-std to the right was a beautiful hill country, bordered by distant mountain ranges. We soon came to the battle-ground of Cross Keys, sketched the Union Church (see page 396), that was in the midst of the storm of conflict, and rode on to Port Republic
Sewell's Point (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
le) was preparing to evacuate that post, orders were given for an immediate attempt to seize Sewell's Point, and march on Norfolk. Arrangements were made with Commodore Goldsborough to co-operate; anand five thousand troops at a summer watering-place called Ocean View, by which the works on Sewell's Point could be taken in reverse, and a direct route to Norfolk be opened. The troops were again embarked, and a bombardment was opened on Sewell's Point from Fort Wool, in the Rip Raps, An unfinished fortification that commanded the entrance to Hampton Roads, in front of Fortress Monroe, It wain the surrender of Norfolk, and the evacuation of strong batteries erected by the rebels on Sewell's Point and Craney Island, and the destruction of the rebel iron-clad steamer Merrimack, are regardestroy his ship and fly, for with his best efforts he could not get her into the James River. Sewell's Point and Craney Island, both strongly fortified, were abandoned. Craney Island was much more s
Rockingham (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
town, again commenced offensive operations. Jackson remained a few days at Mount Jackson, after his flight from Winchester, and then took a position between the South Fork of the Shenandoah and Swift Run Gap, eastward of Harrisonburg, in Rockingham County. There he was joined April 30, 1862. by the division of General R. S. Ewell, from Gordonsville, and also two brigades under Edward S. Johnson, who had an independent command in Southwestern Virginia. Jackson's entire force was now about d fifty prisoners, and eight hundred muskets. So ended the battle of Port Republic; Port Republic is a small village on the eastern bank of the south fork of the Shenandoah River, pleasantly situated on a plain. It is a post village of Rockingham County. and Jackson telegraphed to Richmond, saying--Through God's blessing the enemy near Port Republic was this day routed, with the loss of six pieces of his artillery. The battle was disastrous in its results, but glorious for the officers an
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