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June 12th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 16
's men as prisoners. So overwhelming was the number of Jackson's troops that Tyler was compelled to retreat. This was done in good order, save the stampede of those who ran before the fight was fairly opened. Tyler's Report to Shields, June 12, 1862. He was pursued about five miles, gallantly covered by Carroll and his cavalry. Upon him I relied, said Tyler, and was not disappointed. Report of General Tyler to General Shields, June 12, 1862. The National troops employed in third strJune 12, 1862. The National troops employed in third struggle were the Seventh Indiana; Fifth, Seventh, and Twenty-ninth Ohio; and the First Virginia, with sections of Captains Clarke and Huntington's batteries, on the right; and the Eighty-fourth and One Hundred and Tenth Pennsylvania; Sixty-sixth Ohio, and sections of Captains Clarke, Huntington, and Robinson's batteries, and a company each of the Fifth and Sixty-sixth Ohio, as skirmishers, on the left, which was the key of the position. In the engagement and retreat the Confederates captured four
the same purpose, and with the hope that he and the troops from McDowell might join at Strasburg in time to head off Jackson. McDowell obeyed, but with a heavy heart, for, he said, it is a crushing blow to us all. Fremont's army made as rapid a march as possible over the mountain region, through drenching rains, and with five days rations of hard bread. He took a more northerly road to the Valley than the one from Franklin to Harrisonburg, and reached Strasburg on the evening of the 1st of June, a little too late to intercept Jackson, for the latter had passed through that town a few hours before. Next morning Shields's vanguard of cavalry, under General Bayard, reached Strasburg, too late likewise for the intended service of interception. And now began a race up the Valley as exciting as the one down it ten days before. Shields marched vigorously up the South fork of the Shenandoah, between the Massanutten Mountains and the Blue, Ridge, along the lateral Luray Valley, hoping
June 9th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 16
at Port Republic. His troops slept on their arms, and just as day was breaking they silently moved toward the Shenandoah, carrying with them all of their wounded comrades excepting those who were mortally hurt. Fremont followed them closely June 9, 1862. in battle order, with Milroy on the right, Blenker on the left, and Schenck in the center. The brigades of Stahl and Bayard formed the reserve. In the mean time there had been stirring events at Port Republic. Jackson had crossed the Sheto be forded anywhere, and his enemy beyond his immediate grasp. Here ended the pursuit — here ended the famous race of Fremont, Shields, and Jackson up the Shenandoah Valley, which was skillfully won by the latter. On the following morning June 9, 1862. the National army began to retrace its steps, and, in the midst of a drenching rain, it reached Harrisonburg toward evening. Fremont fell back to Mount Jackson and Shields to New Market, when both commanders were called to Washington. Jacks
August 4th, 1863 AD (search for this): chapter 16
Battle of Williamsburg. in this plan, a and b indicate the two redoubts on the extreme left of the Confederates, taken by Hancock, and c the point to which Stoneman fell back to wait for re-enforcements. already won, for Hancock held the key of the position. McClellan reported the entire National loss in this battle at two thousand two hundred and twenty-eight, of whom four hundred and fifty-six were killed and fourteen hundred wounded. McClellan's report to the Secretary of War, August 4, 1863; reports of his division and brigade commanders engaged in the battle; reports of General Johnston and his subordinate officers, and oral and written statements to the author by actors in the struggle. That of the Confederates was, according to careful estimates, about one thousand. This battle, in which so much of the precious blood of the young men of the country was shed, No army in the world had ever exhibited an equal proportionate number of so many educated and highly respect
of his so-called cabinet, and Generals Johnston, Lee, and Magruder, held a council at the Nelson House, This was a large brick house in Yorktown, which belonged to Governor Nelson, of Virginia, and was occupied by Cornwallis as Headquarters during a part of the period of the siege of that post in 1781, when, at the instance of the owner, who was in command of Virginia militia engaged in the siege, it was bombarded and the British General was driven out. When the writer visited Yorktown in 1848, the walls of that house exhibited scars made by the American shells and round shot on that occasion. When he was there in 1866 the house, which had survived two sieges more than eighty years apart, was still well preserved, and the scars made in the old War for Independence were yet visible. At his first visit he found the grave-yard attached to the old Parish Church in Yorktown, and not far from the Nelson House (in which two or three generations of the Nelson family were buried), in exce
se; and so sacred was it held to be, that the suffering sick soldiers, who greatly needed the shelter (of its roof, were not allowed even to rest upon the dry ground around it. The false story of its history was soon exposed, and it was left to the fate that overtook the property of other rebellious Virginians. at the head of the navigation of the Pamunkey, and about eighteen miles from Richmond, until the 16th. He arrived at Tunstall's Station, on the Richmond and York River railway, on the 18th, and on the 22d he made his Headquarters at Cool Arbor, Cool Arbor derived its name from a tavern, at a delightful place of summer resort in the woods for the Richmond people, even so early as the time of the Revolution. The derivation of the name determines its orthography. It has been erroneously spelled Coal Harbor and Cold Harbor. The picture on the next page is a view of the house known as New Cool Arbor, not far from the site of the old one. It was yet standing when the writer vi
May 28th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 16
in the James River fled toward Richmond, and the navigation of that stream was opened to the National vessels. Reports of Colonel T. J. Cram and Flag-officer Goldsborough; Narrative of Henry J. Raymond; Letter of General Wool to the author, May 28, 1862. The Confederates destroyed all they could by fire before they departed, but left about two hundred cannon in fair condition, to become spoils of victory. Two unfinished armored vessels were among those destroyed. While the stirring eventscut off Banks's retreat in that direction, if he should attempt to join McDowell by way of the Manassas Gap railroad. Ashby's cavalry so perfectly masked this movement that Banks was not aware of it, and almost without a warning Ewell fell May 28, 1862. with crushing force on the little garrison of Front Royal, of about a thousand men, under Colonel Kenly. These were composed of two companies each of the Twenty-seve Pennsylvania and Fifth New York cavalry, one company of Captain Mapes's P
October, 1866 AD (search for this): chapter 16
loss. The brunt of the battle fell upon him and Stahl, and upon Trimble on the part of the Confederates. Stahl's troops Union Church at Cross Keys. this little picture shows the appearance of the Church when the writer sketched it, in October, 1866. it was built of brick, and stood in a grove of oaks, a short distance from the Port Republic road from Harrison. Burg. Its interior was a ruin, and its walls showed many scars of heavy shot and shell. In front of it was a cemetery, in a sthe 17th he was summoned, with a greater portion of his army, to assist in the defense of Richmond. The writer, accompanied by two friends ( S. M. Buckingham and H. L. Young), visited the theater of events recorded in this chapter early in October, 1866. Having explored places made famous by the exploits of Sheridan and others at a later period of the war, from Harper's Ferry to Winchester, and at Kernstown, Middletown, Cedar Creek, and Fisher's Hill, we left Strasburg for Harrisonburg at n
May 25th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 16
ll. was on the alert, and at daylight his troops were in battle order. Colonel Gordon, commanding the right, was strongly posted on a ridge, a little south of the city, and Colonel Donnelly was in charge of the left. Near the center, the troops were well sheltered from their foes by stone walls. General Hatch (who was cut off at Middletown), with Tompkins's cavalry, had rejoined the army just in time to participate in the battle. The battle opened furiously in front of Winchester. May 25, 1862. Ewell had placed a heavy body of troops on the Berryville road, to prevent re-enforcements reaching Banks from Harper's Ferry, and regiments were heavily massed on the National right, with the evident intention of turning it. This danger was so boldly and bravely met, that the Confederates were kept in check for five hours by a steady and most destructive fire. , One regiment, says Banks in his report, is represented, by persons present during the action, and after the field was evacu
May 24th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 16
and Trimble, the Maryland line, consisting of the First Maryland and Brockenborough's battery, under General George H. Stewart, and the Second and Sixth Virginia cavalry, under Colonel Flournoy. was rapidly making his way toward Winchester. It was Jackson's intention to cut Banks off from re-enforcements and capture or disperse his troops. Banks had perceived his danger too soon, and with his usual energy and skill he resumed his flight down the valley at nine o'clock the next morning, May 24, 1862. his train in front, escorted by cavalry and infantry, and with a rear-guard or covering force of cavalry and six pieces of artillery, under the command of General John P. Hatch. The vanguard was led by Colonel Dudley Donnelly, and the center by Colonel George H. Gordon. Just as the column had passed Cedar Creek, three miles from Strasburg, word came that the train had been attacked at Middletown, two miles farther on. The news was instantly followed by a host of frightened fugitives,
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