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Vernon River, Ga. (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
arine brigade under General R. W. Ellet. Grant pressed the siege with vigor as June wore away. Johnston was beyond the Big Black, chafing with impatience to do something to save the beleaguered garrison, but in vain, for he could not. collect troops sufficient for the purpose, while Pemberton, still hoping for succor, fought on, and suffered with the heart-sickness of hope deferred. Finally, on the 21st June, 1863., he sent a messenger to Johnston, who had moved out from Canton as far as Vernon, near the Big Black, recommending him to move north of the railroad toward Vicksburg, to keep the attention of the Nationals attracted to that side, while the garrison should move down the Warrenton read at the proper time, break through the investing line, and, crossing the Big Black at Hankinson's Ferry, escape. Evidently doubting the success of his proposed movement, Pemberton suggested to Johnston, the next day, the propriety of abandoning Vicksburg, and proposing to Grant the passing o
Fort Hill (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
son road, the one on the right, in approaching the town, known as Fort Hill, and the one on the left as Fort Beauregard. The attack was direrhouse's, Spoor's, and Hart's) were concentrating their fire upon Fort Hill, or the northeast bastion of the works at the designated point ofng at the Grave-Yard Bastion, half a mile farther to the right of Fort Hill, as desperately, and without gaining any visible advantage. It heir parapets. Mining and counter-mining McPherson's sappers at Fort Hill. this little picture illustrates the manner of approach to the Bowen and Colonel Montgomery. They met on the southern slope of Fort Hill, to the left of the old Jackson road; and after introductions andthe morning of the 4th, July, 1863. General Legget, quartered at Fort Hill, received Pemberton's reply to Grant, and immediately forwarded if Vicksburg. His house was on the old Jackson road, not far from Fort Hill, and was occupied by General Logan as his Headquarters. Being on
Alabama (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
ey's we rode to the Headquarters of General Grant, in the cane-brake, and then over the rough Walnut Hills to Chickasaw Bayou, passing on the way the house of Dr. Smith, who acted as guide to General S. D. Lee, in the fight with Sherman. He accompanied us to the theater of strife, and pointed out the various localities of interest connected with that conflict. After making a drawing of the battle-ground on the bayou, delineated on page 579, in the presence of the doctor, we left him and passed on to the Valley road, along the bottom, between the hills and the bayou, sketching the Indian Mound (see page 577) on the way, and rode into Vicksburg from the north through the deep cuts in the hills, just as a thunder-storm, which had been gathering for some time, fell upon the city. On the following morning the writer departed by railway for Jackson, and the region of Sherman's destructive march toward Alabama as far as Meridian, the stirring events of which will be considered presently.
ch they fought here, and at Port Hudson a few days before, satisfied the loyal public, and the Confederates, that the negro henceforth would be a power in military operations. The writer met Colonel Lieb at Vicksburg in April, 1866, who informed him that his experience at Milliken's Bend at the time we are considering, and ever afterward, with negro troops, satisfied him that there is no better material for soldiers than they. Colonel Lieb had held distinguished rank in military service in Europe, and had much experience in the discipline of troops. Combatants were found after the struggle close together, mutually transfixed, the white and the black face — the master and the slave-close together and equal in death. The Confederates drove the Nationals from their works to the levee, where a sharp contest was kept up until noon. Fortunately for the Nationals, Porter had received word the night before of the investment of Milliken's Bend, and had ordered the gun-boats Choctaw and Lexin
Land's End, South-carolina (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
se tree, in the edge of a wood on the farm of E. B. Willis, about three miles northeast from Vicksburg, and there he issued his orders for assault. Grant ordered the attack to be commenced at two o'clock in the afternoon of the 19th. May, 1863. It was begun by Sherman's corps, which was nearest the works on the northeastern side of the city, which lay on both sides of the old Jackson road, the one on the right, in approaching the town, known as Fort Hill, and the one on the left as Fort Beauregard. The attack was directed upon the former. Blair's division took the lead, followed by Tuttle's as a support. As it moved, it occupied both side of the road. The ground was very rough, and was cleft by deep chasms, in which were trees standing and trees felled; and along the entire front of the Confederate works was such a tangle of hills and obstacles that the approach was excessively difficult and perilous. Grant's Headquarters at Vicksburg. this is a view of the place of Gra
Louisiana (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
rced services of Porter's fleet, 621. life in the besieged City, 622. Confederate troops in Louisiana, 623. battle at Milliken's Bend bravery of colored troops, 624. mining the Confederate workat General Taylor (whom Banks, as we have seen, See page 600. had, driven from the heart of Louisiana, and who was gathering forces there again) would endeavor, with eight thousand men from Richmoeen concentrating in his rear, while General Taylor was gathering a new army in the regions of Louisiana, which the National troops had almost abandoned for the purpose of completing the task of open, who gave his life to his country not long afterward, when his body was buried in the soil of Louisiana. It was afterward removed to his native State. His men, accustomed to his courage and skillch Fort Adams stood, a little north of the boundary-line between the States of Mississippi and Louisiana. To the writer, who was. a voyager on the Mississippi for the first time, the scenery was m
Pea Ridge, Ark. (Arkansas, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
he railroad (nearer Johnston's communications); and he then informed him that General Taylor (whom Banks, as we have seen, See page 600. had, driven from the heart of Louisiana, and who was gathering forces there again) would endeavor, with eight thousand men from Richmond, in that State, to open communication with him from the west side of the river. Already that commander had sent between two and three thousand troops, under General Henry McCulloch (brother of Ben., who was killed at Pea Ridge), to strike — a blow. It was leveled at a little force, chiefly of colored troops, called the African brigade, stationed at Milliken's Bend, under General Elias S. Dennis, composed of about fourteen hundred These were the Twenty-third Iowa, white; and Ninth and Eleventh Louisiana and First Mississippi, colored. effective men, of whom all but one hundred and sixty (the Twenty-third Iowa) were negroes. McCulloch's blow fell first, though lightly, on the Ninth Louisiana (colored), comm
Baton Rouge (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
r help, May 21. and telling his chief that National troops were about to cross the Mississippi at Bayou Sara, above him, and that the whole of Banks's force at Baton Rouge was on his front. Johnston could only repeat his orders for the evacuation, and say, You cannot be re-enforced. Do not allow yourself to be invested. At evere observed. See page 620. The troops with which Banks cross-ed the river at Bayou Sara formed a junction on the 23d May, 1863. with those which came up from Baton Rouge under Auger and Sherman, and the National line on that day occupied the Bayou The defenses of Port Hudson. Sara road, about five miles from Port Hudson. r a moment in taking measures to keep out the water, the prisoner sprang into the black night, and, being well acquainted with the region, escaped. We passed Baton Rouge early in the evening, and just afterward we glided by the roaring mouth of an immense crevasse, or breach in the levee, out of which a flood was pouring into th
Port Gibson (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 24
heir way rejoicing to Johnston at Jackson. The spoils of the great victory were more important in character and number than any that had yet been won during the war. General Grant thus stated the result of the operations of his army from Port Gibson to Vicksburg :--The result of this campaign has been the defeat of the enemy in five battles outside of Vicksburg; the occupation of Jackson, the capital of the State of Mississippi, and the capture of Vicksburg and its garrison, and munitionsto our hands, besides a large amount of other public property, consisting of railroads, locomotives, cars, steamboats, cotton, &c., and much was destroyed to prevent our capturing it. He summed up his loss, in the series of battles known as Port Gibson, Fourteen Mile Creek (skirmish), Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hills, Big Black railroad bridge, and Vicksburg, at 9,855, of whom 1,223 were killed, 7,095 wounded, and 537 missing. Of the wounded, he said, many were but slightly wounded, and cont
Balaklava (Ukraine) (search for this): chapter 24
ntly at the idea of negroes fighting, or being disciplined into efficient troops, that the intelligence of these tests was received by the loyal people with the most generous enthusiasm. “Niggers won't fight,” ah, ha! “Niggers won't fight,” ah, ha! “They are no good for war, One in a hundred.” Let Mississippi's shore, Flooded with negro gore, Echo back evermore-- “See our six hundred!” said a writer in the Albany Evening Journal, in imitation of Tennyson's Charge of the six hundred at Balaklava; and George H. Boker, of Philadelphia, wrote that noble tribute to the valor of the Second Louisiana, which closes with:--Hundreds on hundreds fell; But they are resting well. Scourges and shackles strong Never shall do them wrong. O, to the living few, Soldiers, be just and true! Hail them as comrades tried, Fight with them side by side; Never, in field or tent, Scorn the black regiment. The Nationals gained ground continually, as hour after hour wore away. They crossed Big Sand
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