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from the Fayetteville road. General Hunter arrived at Headquarters at midnight, and Fremont, after informing him of the position of affairs, laid before him all his plans. The order for battle was countermanded, Price seems not to have moved his army from Pineville, but his scouts penetrated to the front of the National troops, and thus caused the alarm. and nine days afterward Major-General H. W. Halleck was appointed to the command of the Missouri Department. On the morning of the 4th, Fremont and his Staff left the army for St. Louis. The parting with his devoted soldiers was very touching, and his reception in St. Louis Nov. 8 1861. was an ovation like that given to a victor. Crowds of citizens greeted him at the railway station and escorted him to his Headquarters. An immense torch-light procession passed through the streets that night in honor of his arrival; The General was to have been at home by nine in the morning; but the management of the train being in o
an now anxiously looked for expected re-enforcements, while his men worked night and day in strengthening the fortifications. He was disappointed. His courier, sent with supplications for aid to Jefferson City, was captured on the way. On the 10th he sent Lieutenant Rains, of his Irish brigade, with 12 men, on the steamer Sunshine, on this errand. The distance to Jefferson City from Lexington is 160 miles. Forty miles below Lexington the steamer was captured, and those on board were made phful and discreet to be caught in the trap laid for him by Nelson. Seeing his danger, he fled to the fastnesses of the mountains at Pound Gap, carrying with him a large amount of cattle and other spoils. General Nelson entered Pikeville on the 10th, where he found Colonel Sill and his division, who, after fighting on the way, had arrived the previous evening, and given Williams's troops a few shot and shell when they departed. On the same day Nelson had the pleasure of saying to his troops,
ssouri River, in the direction of Lexington, in a curve that bent far toward the eastern frontier of Kansas, from which Unionists were advancing under General James H. Lane. With these he had some skirmishing on the 7th of September, at Drywood Creek, about fifteen miles east of the border. He drove them across the line, and pursued them to Fort Scott, which he found abandoned. Leaving a small force there, he resumed his September. march, and reached Warrensburg, in Johnson County, on the 11th. September. In the mean time, he had issued a proclamation to inhabitants of Missouri, Aug. 28. dated at Jefferson City, the capital of the State, in which he spoke of a great victory at Wilson's Creek, and gave the peaceable citizens assurance of full protection in person and property. Lexington, Capital of Lafayette County, Missouri, and then containing about five thousand inhabitants. a town on the southern bank of the Missouri River, three hundred miles, by its course, above St. L
some of Pillow's men, under Colonel Marks, who had endeavored to cut him off from his boats. He finally reached his landing-place, and embarked, after suffering severely. The fight had been gallant on both sides. In a general order, Nov. 8th, General Grant said: It has been my fortune to have been in all the battles fought in Mexico by Generals Scott and Taylor, save Buena Vista, and I never saw one more hotly contested, or where troops behaved with more gallantry. In his report on the 12th, he spoke in highest terms of General McClernand, as being in the midst of danger throughout the engagement, displaying coolness and judgment and having had his horse shot three times. Grant's horse was also shot under him. Colonel Dougherty, of the Twenty-second Illinois, was three times wounded, and finally taken prisoner. Major McClurken, of the Thirtieth Illinois, and Colonel Lauman, of the Seventh Iowa, were badly wounded. Among the killed were Colonel Wentz, of the Seventh Iowa, Capt
ght bravely with inferior arms against superior numbers. More than half of their fire-arms were old flint-lock squirrel guns. Of the dead, wrote an eye-witness, not a single one that I saw was dressed in any kind of uniform, the cloth being generally home-made, and butter-nut colored. We have observed that General Fremont had anticipated an interference with his plans when he heard that the Secretary of War and the Adjutant-General were in pursuit of him. They had overtaken him on the 13th, Oct., 1861. at Tipton, the then Western terminus of the Pacific Railway, about thirty miles south of Jefferson City. The interview of the officials was courteous and honorable. The Secretary frankly told him that their errand was to make personal observations of his army, and of affairs in his Department. Complaints concerning his administration of those affairs had filled the mind of the President with painful apprehensions, and the Secretary of War bore with him an order, relieving hi
h of August. would co-operate with the forces of General Lane on the frontier of Kansas, over two thousand strong, and those of Davis at Jefferson City, in giving all needed relief to Mulligan. General Pope telegraphed to General Fremont on the 16th, saying: The troops I sent to Lexington will be there the day after to-morrow [the day when the assault on Mulligan commenced], and consist of two full regiments of infantry, four pieces of artillery, and 150 regular horse. These, with two Ohio rns, the latter being Major Zagonyi and Lieutenant Majthenyi. The Guard was mounted on well-equipped blooded bay horses. Each man was armed with two of Colt's six-barrel navy revolvers, one five-barrel rifle, and a saber. had arrived there on the 16th, October. after encountering a severe rain storm. General Sigel, who led the advance, had already crossed his force over the rapidly swelling stream by means of a single flatboat and the swimming of his horses; but its banks were now filled to t
de prisoners. Hour after hour and day after day went by, and no relief appeared. Yet bravely and hopefully his little band worked on, until, on the morning of the 17th, General Price, who had been re-enforced, and now had in hand over twenty-five thousand troops, including a large number of recruits who had come with their rifles000 men. They were effectually broken up by General Pope. In this work a severe fight occurred at Blue Mills, on the Missouri, thirty miles above Lexington, on the 17th, Sept., 1861. in which the insurgents, commanded by General David R. Atchinson, Atchinson was at one time a member of the United States Senate, and was conspicnd with his army were transferred to the Confederate service. So early as the middle of May, organizations for the purpose had been commenced in Kentucky. On the 17th of that month, William Preston Johnston, a son of General A. Sidney Johnston, of the Confederate Army, in a letter to Governor Harris, from Louisville, said: Many
: The troops I sent to Lexington will be there the day after to-morrow [the day when the assault on Mulligan commenced], and consist of two full regiments of infantry, four pieces of artillery, and 150 regular horse. These, with two Ohio regiments, which will reach there on Thursday [19th], will make a re-enforcement of 4,000 men and four pieces of artillery. So confident was he that Price would be driven from Lexington by these combined forces, that he telegraphed to; General Davis on the 18th, directing him to send five thousand men to the South Fork of La Mine River, in Cooper County, where it is crossed by the Pacific Railway, there to intercept the expected retreat of the Confederates to the Osage River. In these reasonable calculations Fremont was disappointed. Whilst expecting tidings of success, he received from Pope Sept. 22. the sad news of Mulligan's surrender. The active and vigilant Price, with a force of more than twenty-five thousand men, had been enabled to bea
h 8,000 men. They were effectually broken up by General Pope. In this work a severe fight occurred at Blue Mills, on the Missouri, thirty miles above Lexington, on the 17th, Sept., 1861. in which the insurgents, commanded by General David R. Atchinson, Atchinson was at one time a member of the United States Senate, and was conspicuous as a leader of the Missourians called Border Ruffians, who played a prominent part in the politics of Kansas a <*> years before. were victorious; and on the 19th, General Sturgis, with a large body of cavalry, appeared opposite Lexington, but finding no boats for transportation, and being confronted by two thousand men under General Parsons, he was compelled to make a hasty retreat northward. The fall of Lexington was a discouraging blow to the Union cause in Missouri. Fremont was violently assailed with charges of incapacity, extravagance in expenditure, and a score of faults calculated to weaken his hold upon the confidence of the people, and th
igan was seen at all points where danger was most imminent; and there were deeds of courage and skill performed on the part of the besieged that baffle the imagination of the romancer to conceive. At length, at two o'clock in the afternoon of the 20th, September, 1861. the Confederates, who had constructed movable breastworks of bales of hemp, two deep, wetted so as to, resist hot shot, pressed up to within ten rods of the works, along a line forty yards in length. Further resistance would hakilled), now, for the second time and without authority, raised a white flag from the center of the fortifications, and the siege of Lexington ceased. The Home Guards seem to have become discouraged early in the siege, and on the morning of the 20th, after Mulligan had replied to Price's summons to surrender, by saying, If you want us, you must take us, Major Becker, their commander, raised a white flag. Mulligan sent the Jackson Guard, of Detroit, Captain McDermott, to take it down. After
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