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that Grant was about to march by that route upon the Confederate capital. With this impression, he retired to the fortifications of that city, while Grant's army was making a rapid journey in another direction. Warren quickly followed the Nationals, and on the night of the 14th, June. a pontoon bridge, more than two thousand feet in length, was thrown across the James River, at Douthard's, This bridge was laid in the space of about fifteen hours, under the immediate supervision of General Benham. Its site was selected and the general directions for its construction were given by General Weitzel, chief engineer of Butler's Department of Virginia and North Carolina. a little below Wilcox's, over which the entire remainder of the army had passed before noon of the 16th, with very little molestation by the enemy, and was moving sin the direction of Petersburg. Grand meanwhile, had gone up to City Point, and there, upon the beautiful Grant's Headquarters, City Point. this was
George B. McClellan (search for this): chapter 12
e also sent the bulk of his army in that direction as far as the old lines of McClellan For an account of the operations of McClellan between Fortress Monroe and McClellan between Fortress Monroe and Williamsburg, see Chapters. XIV. and XV., volume II. The route from Hampton; the fortifications at Big Bethel, and in the vicinity of Yorktown and Williamsburg, asatisfied that Butler was about to move on Richmond in the pathway trodden by McClellan two years before, See chapters XIV., XV., and XVI., volume II. The map onto White House. The two armies were now upon the old battle-field of Lee and McClellan two years before. The Confederate line, which had just been re-enforced by t Mill, See page 423, volume II. two years before, and Lee had the place of McClellan on that occasion. At dawn on the morning of the 3d, the National army was egree lacked the buoyant spirit of the early Army of the Potomac, when led by McClellan and Hooker. It was now in front of a formidable line of redans, redoubts, an
of Grant's Headquarters when the writer visited City Point, at the close of 1864. the building seen in the center was the General's quarters. It was very neatly built of small hewn logs, excepting the front, which was of planed pine timber, the bark left on the edges, and the whole well chinked with cement. It had two wings, making the whole quite spacious. A building at the left of it, was occupied by General Rawlins, Grants' chief of staff; and one on the right was the quarters of General Barnard, the engineer-in-chief. Grant's house was presented by the Lieutenant-General, at the close of the war, to George H. Stuart, President of the U. S. Christian Commission, who caused it to be taken to Philadelphia. By permission of the City authorities he re-erected it in Fairmount Par, where it yet (1868) remains. elevated grounds of Dr. Eppes, near the junction of the Appomatox and the James, he established his Headquarters. When Grant determined to throw Meade's army to the south s
W. F. Smith (search for this): chapter 12
Heckman's brigade, of Weitzel's division, held Smith's right. After a gallant fight it was overwheted and then withdrew. Meanwhile the front of Smith's column and the right of Gillmore's (the formage 178. made their repulse an easy task. General Smith had caused the stretching of telegraph wirng this, Beauregard renewed his effort to turn Smith's right, and so far succeeded, with a heavier t, from Bethesda Church, so as to connect with Smith; and Burnside was withdrawn entirely from the atch Station road on the left, the Sixth next, Smith's command adjoining these, and Warren and Burnn barges to City Point, and the command of General Smith was re-embarked at the head of the York, aensive movements. It was for this reason that Smith was so quickly sent back to Bermuda hundred, ato risk all by attempting to gain more. General Smith, in his Report of operations before Peterst said, in speaking of these operations of General Smith: between the lines thus captured and Peter[26 more...]
ors, the iron-clad Atlanta, and ten gun-boats, commanded by Rear-Admiral S. P. Lee, whose flag-ship was the Malvern, formerly a blockade-runnethe Weldon road, as we have seen, he found these re-enforcements for Lee passing over it. A large portion of them were left south of that cut quickly from the Rapid Anna to the lines before Richmond, defeating Lee, or driving him within the intrenchments at the Confederate capital. might The Union Generals. to keep re-enforcements from reaching Lee from the south; and his first effort for that purpose was to destroyneral Grant will not be troubled with any further re-enforcements to Lee from Beauregard's forces. And, encouraged by the success that day, capture that place. But that evening news came from Washington that Lee, vanquished by Meade, was in full retreat on Richmond. If so, he min to the north side of the James, to assist the army contending with Lee in the vicinity of the Chickahominy. Butler complied The half-way
Quincy A. Gillmore (search for this): chapter 12
been ordered from South Carolina, led by General Gillmore, who arrived at Fortress Monroe on the 3dhen the movement of Butler and the arrival of Gillmore with troops from Charleston harbor was first of Weitzel and Wistar, of the Eighteenth. General Gillmore commanded the right of the column, and Ge page 402, volume II. and the left, under General Gillmore (who left General Ames to watch the Confeng was to move from the Richmond road, strike Gillmore heavily, and cut off the Union line of retrea the front of Smith's column and the right of Gillmore's (the former held by the divisions of Brooksne miles from Richmond, almost to the river. Gillmore was compelled by this movement to fall back, Point of Rocks, four miles above City Point. Gillmore marched up the turnpike, while Kautz made a l of the defenders of Petersburg were watching Gillmore, he dashed into the City at about the time whcross the Appomattox, and in conjunction with Gillmore and Kautz, make another attempt upon Petersbu[3 more...]
G. T. Beauregard (search for this): chapter 12
first known to the Confederates at Richmond, Beauregard was ordered to hasten from Charleston to thewith 8,000 troops, had passed northward, and Beauregard, with 5,000, was south of Stony Creek Statiotersburg was seriously threatened by Butler, Beauregard's troops were there in strong force. It wt, for, on the previous night, nearly all of Beauregard's troops had reached Petersburg. Heavy skirwith any further re-enforcements to Lee from Beauregard's forces. And, encouraged by the success thed for a similar movement at the same time. Beauregard was in command of them in per. son. The evefifty negro cavalry. To turn that flank was Beauregard's first care. At the same time a division uers, of whom thirteen were officers. When Beauregard had perfected his batteries in front of Butl following day, with no better success, when Beauregard ceased all attempts to dislodge Butler. Twory on the same day, June 16, 1864. to force Beauregard's lines, and destroy and hold, if possible, [6 more...]
Franz Sigel (search for this): chapter 12
hich reached the North Anna on the morning of the 23d, at three fords, known respectively as Island, Jericho, and Chesterfield, or Taylor's Bridge — the latter near where the Richmond and Fredericksburg railway crosses that river. Lee, marching by the shorter route, had outstripped his antagonist in the race, and was found strongly posted and intrenched on the opposite side of the North Anna, in close communication with the Virginia Central railway, over which Breckinridge, who had beaten Sigel in the Shenandoah Valley, See page 314. was hastening with re-enforcements. There Lee had evidently determined to make a stand. Grant took immediate measures to dislodge him. His left, under Hancock, was at the Chesterfield bridge, a mile above the railway crossing. Warren was at Jericho Ford, four miles above, where no formidable opposition appeared, for Lee was engaged in holding the more important passage in front of Hancock. So Warren prepared to cross and take the Confederates in
A. T. A. Torbert (search for this): chapter 12
ices that the Army of the Potomac began another flank and forward movement on the night of the 20th and 21st of May. 1864. It was begun by Hancock's corps, which, at midnight, moved eastward to Mattaponax Church, and then turned southward, with Torbert's cavalry in advance. Lee, anticipating the movement, was very vigilant, and Longstreet's corps was put in motion southward immediately after Hancock's started. Warren followed the latter on the morning of the 2 1st, when Ewell marched in the low, when it was attacked by Hill's. The assailants were easily repulsed, and that night the works at Spottsylvania Court-House were abandoned by both parties, and the entire army of each was moving as rapidly as possible toward the North Anna. Torbert had captured Guiney's Station, on the Richmond and Fredericksburg railway, on the night of the 20th and 21st, without very serious opposition, and opened the way for the army, which reached the North Anna on the morning of the 23d, at three ford
George A. Custer (search for this): chapter 12
mond, and to dispute the passage of the Chickahominy. The only direct pathway to the Confederate capital, for the Army of the Potomac, was across the Chickahominy. Before its passage could be effected, Lee must be dislodged, and to that task Grant and Meade now addressed themselves. Reconnoissances to ascertain the strength and exact position of the Confederate army, were put in motion. Sheridan was sent out southward on the afternoon of the 28th, with the brigades of Davis, Gregg, and Custer. At Hawes's store, not far from the Tolopatomoy Creek, they encountered and vanquished cavalry under Hampton and Fitzhugh Lee. Both parties were dismounted and fought desperately. The Confederates lost nearly eight hundred men, and the Nationals about one half that number. This success inspirited the army, and it was followed by a reconnoissance in force, May 29. in which Wright moved on Hanover Court-House; Hancock marched from Hawes's store in the same direction; Warren pushed out towa
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