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J. H. Wilson (search for this): chapter 12
Wilde's brigade of negro troops were landed at Wilson's wharf, on the north side of the river, and aor Warren. The right and rear were covered by Wilson's cavalry. This movement quickly developed Lehe right, extending to the Tolopatomoy Creek. Wilson's cavalry were on the right flank, and Sheridaed at the same time; and on the extreme right, Wilson's cavalry had a sharp fight with Hampton's, wihe Potomac moved. Warren's corps, preceded by Wilson's cavalry,. forced the passage of the Chickahoight thousand strong, under Generals Kautz and Wilson, had been sent out to operate upon the railwayhing southward along the latter, was joined by Wilson at Meherrin Station. June 24 the united forcestrength. In attempting to force their lines, Wilson and Kautz were defeated with heavy loss, and w besides the wounded, 13 guns, and 80 wagons. Wilson estimated his entire loss during the raid at b captured by the Confederates. Many of these, Wilson reported, were slaughtered without mercy, and
Jefferson Davis (search for this): chapter 12
leading into Richmond, and to dispute the passage of the Chickahominy. The only direct pathway to the Confederate capital, for the Army of the Potomac, was across the Chickahominy. Before its passage could be effected, Lee must be dislodged, and to that task Grant and Meade now addressed themselves. Reconnoissances to ascertain the strength and exact position of the Confederate army, were put in motion. Sheridan was sent out southward on the afternoon of the 28th, with the brigades of Davis, Gregg, and Custer. At Hawes's store, not far from the Tolopatomoy Creek, they encountered and vanquished cavalry under Hampton and Fitzhugh Lee. Both parties were dismounted and fought desperately. The Confederates lost nearly eight hundred men, and the Nationals about one half that number. This success inspirited the army, and it was followed by a reconnoissance in force, May 29. in which Wright moved on Hanover Court-House; Hancock marched from Hawes's store in the same direction; War
W. E. Jones (search for this): chapter 12
ddress to the Soldiers qf the Army of the James, October 11, 1864. The movement was a complete surprise to the Confederates, Operations in South eastern Virginia. and produced great consternation at Richmond. In the mean time the armed vessels had been busy in keeping the river open, and they now engaged in the perilous work of fishing up torpedoes, with which, in places, its channel had been sown. Notwithstanding the great precautions observed, one of the smaller gun-boats, named Commodore Jones, was totally destroyed by the explosion of one of these mines under it, These torpedoes were simply cases of tin, containing about seventy-five pounds of gunpowder, and were exploded by means of a string extending to the shore, which, when pulled, caused an apparatus like that of a gun to explode a percussion cap. by which twenty of its officers and crew were killed, and forty-eight were wounded. In the mean time Colonel West, with his cavalry, had made his way across the Chickahomi
John A. Rawlins (search for this): chapter 12
upon the beautiful Grant's Headquarters, City Point. this was the appearance of Grant's Headquarters when the writer visited City Point, at the close of 1864. the building seen in the center was the General's quarters. It was very neatly built of small hewn logs, excepting the front, which was of planed pine timber, the bark left on the edges, and the whole well chinked with cement. It had two wings, making the whole quite spacious. A building at the left of it, was occupied by General Rawlins, Grants' chief of staff; and one on the right was the quarters of General Barnard, the engineer-in-chief. Grant's house was presented by the Lieutenant-General, at the close of the war, to George H. Stuart, President of the U. S. Christian Commission, who caused it to be taken to Philadelphia. By permission of the City authorities he re-erected it in Fairmount Par, where it yet (1868) remains. elevated grounds of Dr. Eppes, near the junction of the Appomatox and the James, he establish
my of the Potomac was now in peril. Its two powerful wings were on one side of a stream, difficult at all times to cross, and liable to a sudden increase of volume, by rains, while the weaker center was on the other side. Its antagonist was disposed in a blunt wedge-form, with its chief strength at the point, for the purpose of severing the National force. Lee had thrown back the two wings of his Position on the North Anna. army, the left resting on Little River; and the right, covering Sexton's junction of the two railways running into Richmond, rested on the marshes of Hanover. The powerful center, at the point of the wedge, was near the river, and menaced Grant's center. And so it was, that when Burnside's, (Ninth) corps, of that center, attempted to cross between the two wings of the Army of the Potomac, his advance division (Crittenden's) was quickly met, and repulsed with heavy loss. And when Warren, on the right, attempted to connect with Burnside, by sending Crawford's
weight. Grant paused, and for more than two days he studied the position of his adversary, and came to the conclusion that Lee could be dislodged only by a flanking movement, which he proceeded to make. He secretly recrossed the river on the night of the 26th, May. and going well east-ward, so as to avoid a blow on his flank, resumed his march toward Richmond, his objective being the passage of the Pamunkey, one of the affluents of the York, formed by the junction of the North and South Anna rivers, which would force Lee to abandon the line of those streams, and give to the Army of the Potomac an admirable water base of supplies, at White House. The chief base of the army, while it was at Spottsylvania Court-House, was at Fredericksburg; while it was on the North Anna that base was Port Royal, on the Rappahannock. Sheridan, who, as we have seen, See page 313. had just returned May 25, 1864. to the army after his great raid toward Richmond and across the head of the Pen
L. A. Grant (search for this): chapter 12
for Richmond, 325. battle of the North Anna, 326. the armies across the Pamunkey, 327. the National troops at Cool Arbor, 328. battle of Cool Arbor, 329, 330. Grant resolves to cross the James River, 331. preparation for the crossing, 332. the passage of the James, 333. the defenses of Bermuda hundred, 334. attempts to capontemplated a vigorous movement against Richmond on the south side of the James River, the first objective being City Point, at the mouth of the Appomattox River. Grant issued April 2, 1864. orders accordingly, and directed General Butler to move simultaneously with Meade. Butler was well prepared for the execution of his party, where a sharp action ensued. The Confederates were driven across the stream; and that evening Butler sent a dispatch to the Secretary of War, saying, Lieutenant-General Grant will not be troubled with any further re-enforcements to Lee from Beauregard's forces. And, encouraged by the success that day, Butler determined to imp
W. H. C. Whiting (search for this): chapter 12
ckly took advantage of. Between that right and the river was a space of open country, for a mile, picketed by only about one hundred and fifty negro cavalry. To turn that flank was Beauregard's first care. At the same time a division under General Whiting was to move from the Richmond road, strike Gillmore heavily, and cut off the Union line of retreat. The plan, if fully carried out, would, it seemed, insure the capture or dispersion of Butler's army. General Heckman's brigade, of Weitzetching of telegraph wire from stump to stump, a short distance above the ground, ill front of his line, which tripped the assailants when they charged, in the dense fog, and they were shot or bayoneted before they could rise. They recoiled; and Whiting, failing to obey Beauregard's orders to seize the Union way of retreat on the left, the plans of the Confederate general entirely miscarried. Seeing this, Beauregard renewed his effort to turn Smith's right, and so far succeeded, with a heavier
Gordon N. Mott (search for this): chapter 12
folk and Weldon railways, it was met by a Confederate force, and pushed back to a position where it connected with the Fifth Corps. On the following morning June 22. both Corps (Second and Sixth) advanced together, and were maneuvering to turn the works, when a division of the command of A. P. Hill, who had been keenly watching the movements of the Nationals, suddenly projected itself between Wright and Birney's commands, and in rapid succession struck the flanks of the divisions of Barlow, Mott, and Gibbon, rolling them up and driving them back with heavy loss. Wright's Corps was considerably shocked by a blow, at the same time, by another of Hill's divisions. Both Corps soon recovered and re-formed, and a fierce attack on the brigade of the ever-gallant General miles, of the Second, was repulsed. Meade came up at about that time, and just at sunset he ordered both Corps to advance and retake what they had lost. Hill, unsupported, suddenly withdrew, carrying with him Twenty-five
A. V. Kautz (search for this): chapter 12
hmond, 321, 322. Union cavalry raid under General Kautz, 323. advance of the Army of the Potomac rly a blockade-runner. At the same time General A. V. Kautz, with three thousand cavalry, moved outand forage was destroyed at that place. but as Kautz could not hold the road nor advance toward Petain army was making movements toward Richmond, Kautz was out upon another raid on the railways leadr Gillmore, and fifteen hundred cavalry, under Kautz, against Petersburg. At the same time two gunoint. Gillmore marched up the turnpike, while Kautz made a little circuit, so as to strike the Cit relieved of danger from the column, fell upon Kautz in force, and drove him from the town and its pomattox, and in conjunction with Gillmore and Kautz, make another attempt upon Petersburg. He wasty. The troops had marched in three columns. Kautz had kept well to the left, and threatened the In attempting to force their lines, Wilson and Kautz were defeated with heavy loss, and with diffic[5 more...]
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