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John Ellis Wool (search for this): chapter 19
extent. The roads were in a rough condition, the cars were wretched in accommodations, and the passengers were few. The latter were chiefly Northern business men. We arrived at Augusta early in the morning, and after breakfast took seats in a very comfortable car for Atlanta. It was a warm, pleasant day, and the passengers were many. Among them the writer had the pleasure of discovering two highly-esteemed friends, Mr. and Mrs. I. B. Hart, of Troy, New York, who were then members of General Wool's family. traveling for the purpose of seeing the country; and he enjoyed their most agreeable companionship many days, until parting at New Orleans. We had just reached the beginning of the more picturesque hill-country of Georgia, which seemed to be peculiarly charming in the region of Crawfordsville, the home of Stephens, the Vice-President of the Confederacy, whose house we saw on an eminence to the right. As we approached Atlanta, we noticed many evidences of the devastating hand o
John A. Winslow (search for this): chapter 19
nto the Selma and its defenses. fight with such vigor, that the Confederates were routed, and fled in confusion toward Selma, leaving behind them two guns and two hundred prisoners in the hands of Alexander, and one gun as a trophy for Long. Winslow's brigade followed them as far as Plantersville, nineteen miles from Selma, where the chase ceased, and the victors bivouacked. Forrest had been driven on that day April 1, twenty-four miles. Selma was now the grand objective of pursued anss in the capture of Selma was about 500 men. His gains were the important post, 32 guns (all field-pieces, except a 30-pounder Parrott), 2,700 prisoners, including 150 officers, several flags, and a large amount of stores of every kind. General Winslow was assigned to the command of the city, with orders to destroy every thing that might benefit the Confederate cause. Selma soon presented the spectacle of a ghastly ruin. Ten thousand bales of cotton, not consumed, were fired and burnt; a
J. H. Wilson (search for this): chapter 19
co-operating movement was intrusted to General J. H. Wilson, the eminent cavalry leader, under the he 7th he met a negro with dispatches from General Wilson to General Canby, carefully sewed up in thTuscaloosa. Hearing of this, March 27, 1865. Wilson put his forces in rapid motion, with ample sups best, and did so. After a reconnoissance, Wilson directed Long to attack the Confederate works ousand bales of cotton in that city, he fled. Wilson entered it, unopposed, on the morning of the 1 safety Montgomery was formally surrendered to Wilson, by the city authorities with five guns, and a's marched the next day. Minty, accompanied by Wilson, arrived at Macon on the 20th, when the Confedrces there surrendered without resistance; and Wilson was informed by Howell Cobb, of the surrender n, but Croxton's brigade was still absent, and Wilson felt some uneasiness concerning its safety. Aname has been mentioned, as the entertainer of Wilson and Forrest. See page 518. Our voyage to Mo[25 more...]
Joseph W. White (search for this): chapter 19
usand men behind a strong barricade and abatis. Forrest was straining every nerve to reach and defend Selma, which was one of the most important places in the Confederacy, on account of its immense founderies of cannon and projectiles. Wilson advanced to the attack at once. Long's division, on the right, struck the first blow. Dismounting most of his men,he made a charge so heavy and irresistible, that it broke Forrest's line. Four mounted companies of the Seventeenth Indiana, under Lieutenant White, being ordered forward, dashed over the guns of the foe, into their midst, and cut their way out with a loss of seventeen men. General Alexander, then leading Upton's division, on hearing the sounds of battle, pressed forward, came up in fine order, dismounted and deployed his own brigade, and dashed into the Selma and its defenses. fight with such vigor, that the Confederates were routed, and fled in confusion toward Selma, leaving behind them two guns and two hundred prisoners in t
in length, which Hubbard had thrown across the river, Wilson's army did not make the passage of the stream until the 10th. April, 1865. McCook had rejoined him on the 5th, and now the whole army, excepting Croxton's brigade, on detached service, moved upon Montgomery, where General Wirt Adams was in command. Adams did not wait for Wilson's arrival; but, setting fire to ninety thousand bales of cotton in that city, he fled. Wilson entered it, unopposed, on the morning of the 12th, when Major Weston, marching rapidly northward toward Wetumpka, on the Coosa, captured and destroyed five heavily laden Union Prison at Cahawba. sketched from a steamboat, in April, 1866. steamboats, which had fled up that stream for safety Montgomery was formally surrendered to Wilson, by the city authorities with five guns, and a large quantity of small-arms, which were destroyed. So it was that the original Capital of the Confederacy of Rebels was repossessed by the Government without hinderance a
A. S. Webb (search for this): chapter 19
rious fact that a very large proportion of the most powerful iron-clad vessels constructed by the Confederates, were destroyed by their own hands. Only a few days after the evacuation of Mobile the Confederate ram Webb, from the Red River, freighted with cotton, rosin, and other merchandise, went down the Mississippi, passing New Orleans on the 20th of April, so unexpectedly that she received but two shots as she went by, from batteries there, the vessels of war being yet in Mobile Bay. The Webb was pursued by gun-boats from above, and was hurrying toward the Gulf, when she encountered the corvette Richmond, coming up the river. The commander of the ram, seeing no chance for escape, ran her ashore and blew her up. He and the crew took refuge in the swamps, but nearly all of them were captured. he fled up the Alabama River, with nine thousand men, on gun-boats and transports. General Veatch took Battery Gladden. possession of Batteries Gladden and McIntosh, in the harbor, and Bat
Weatherford (search for this): chapter 19
, on that soft April evening, while the sun was shining. The Alabama is a very crooked stream, everywhere fringed with trees. Bluffs were frequent, with corresponding lowlands and swamps, opposite. It is a classic region to the student of American history, for its. banks and its bosom, from Montgomery to Mobile, are clustered with the most stirring associations of the Creek War, in which General Jackson and his Tennesseeans, and Claiborne, Flournoy, and others, appear conspicuous, with Weatherford as the central figure in the group of Creek chieftains. We were moored at Selma, on the right bank of the stream, at about midnight, at the foot of the bluff on which the town stands, and whchi was then crowned with the ruins of the cotton warehouses and other buildings, fired by Forrest. See page 519. We spent a greater part of the next day there. It, too, must have been a beautiful city in its best estate before the war. It was growing rapidly, being the great coal and cotton dep
d, under General Gibson. From the beginning of the siege, the garrison had looked for assistance from General Forrest, then between Mobile and Montgomery, but Wilson was keeping him too thoroughly occupied in the interior to allow him to leave. The garrison displayed great courage and resolution. It made at least a dozen sorties during the siege. One of them, made on the 30th of March, was a brilliant success. At sunset the bombardment had ceased, when a party of the garrison, under Captain Watson, concealed by the smoke. rushed out over their works and captured Captain Stearns, of the Seventh Vermont, with twenty men, who were on the front skirmish line. The key to Mobile was now in the hands of the Nationals. Prisoners told the men of the navy where torpedoes were planted, when thirty-five of them were fished up, and the squadron moved in safety almost within shelling distance of the city. The army turned its face toward Blakely, on the east bank of the Appalachee, an ins
J. C. Veatch (search for this): chapter 19
ed supplies from General Canby, sent in seventy-five wagons in charge of General J. C. Veatch. On the 25th of March, the. Thirteenth and Sixteenth Corps advanced fsh Fort. Hawkins's dusky followers were on its right, the divisions of Generals J. C. Veatch and C. C. Andrews, of the Thirteenth Corps, formed the center, and Garr the storm from the Works more seriously than the left. Dennison's brigade, of Veatch's division, and those of Spicely and Moore, of Andrews's division, were nobly bup the Alabama River, with nine thousand men, on gun-boats and transports. General Veatch took Battery Gladden. possession of Batteries Gladden and McIntosh, in tace into their hands at Battery Missouri, below the town. On the following day Veatch's division entered the city, and the National flag was hoisted on the public buissary stores found in Mobile, alone, was estimated at $2,000,000. In that city Veatch found a thousand men, left behind, who became prisoners, and upon the works for
thousand men, composing the divisions of Long, Upton and McCook. Knipe's division, we have seen, the fugitives left behind them, would allow. Upton passed the Cahawba with his whole division, puevallo on the afternoon of the 31st of March. Upton was just ready to move forward. Just then thetheir appearance on the Selma road, driving in Upton's pickets. These consisted of the commands ofuted with a loss of fifty men made prisoners. Upton bivouacked fourteen miles south of Montevallord from Randolph with the brigades of Long and Upton, and at-Ebenezer Church, near Boyle's Creek, summerville road, on which he was posted, while Upton, with three hundred picked men, should turn th action at that time, and made disposition for Upton to immediately participate in the work begun bhe 16th, he found one of the bridges on fire. Upton's division, was at once arranged for an assauled from Columbus for the same destination, and Upton's marched the next day. Minty, accompanied by [6 more...]
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