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graphical corrections which are valuable, and they have proved to me that no squadron can operate effectively without a good corps of surveyors. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, David D. Porter, Acting Rear-Admiral, Commanding Mississippi Squadron. Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C. Congratulatory letter to Rear--Admiral Porter on the surrender of Vicksburg. Navy Department, July 13, 1863. Sir-Your dispatch of the 4th instant announcing the surrender of Vicksburg on the anniversary of the great historic day in our national annals, has been received. The fall of that place insures a severance of the rebel territory, and must give to the country the speedy uninterrupted navigation of the rivers which water and furnish the ocean outlet to the great central valley of the Union. For the past year the key to the Mississippi has been Vicksburg, and so satisfied of this was the rebel chief who pioneered the rebe
ng of casemate. A shot struck boat davit and bent it, etc. Half the number of these shots striking a wooden vessel would have destroyed her. The Benton was struck in her hull thirteen times; four times at the water line, etc. While this was going on, the Army assaulted in the rear of Vicksburg, but did not succeed in getting in. Pemberton had at this time 42,000 men to man his ramparts. The gun-boats kept up their attack until the 27th when there was a lull for a time. On the 29th, General W. T. Sherman signalled to the flag-ship, requesting that two gun-boats be sent down to clear out a battery of two guns that prevented him from extending his right flank. It being a rule with the Navy never to refuse a request from the Army, the Cincinnati was prepared for the adventure. Sherman was under the impression that the enemy had moved a battery of eleven heavy guns from a bluff commanding the Mississippi to the land side, but the guns had only been lowered from their ca
ad labored hard on these works, night and day, in hopes of having them ready by the time the vessels of the fleet returned. It was intended to mount eight 10-inch guns and some 100-pound rifles. The work was built of cotton-bales covered with logs — the logs to be covered with several layers of railroad iron and the whole to be covered with bags of earth — a fort, in fact, impervious to shot or shells. Lieutenant-Commander Wilson, in the Mound City, appeared below Warrenton about the 12th of May, and seeing these works and no persons about, sent a party on shore to reconnoitre. These mounted the parapets and discovered a number of artillerists inside the fort, who, to make themselves secure from observation,were crouching under the parapets. The Federal party emptied their revolvers into the enemy and then, jumping down, hailed the Mound City and told those on board to open fire on the works, which was done. A stray shell found its way into a cotton-bale — in ten minutes thi<
to a cotton-bale — in ten minutes this formidable work was in a blaze, and in less than an hour the whole fabric was consumed. This was the last work built by the Confederates on the Mississippi River. All the appliances of a fort and a quantity of stores were in the houses at Warrenton. which the Confederates set fire to and destroyed. And what houses were left in the town were destroyed by the Mound City's men. Warrenton had been a troublesome place and merited its fate. On the 15th of May, the admiral joined the fleet in the Yazoo, and on the 16th firing was heard in the rear of Vicksburg — a sign that General Grant's Army was not far off, and that he was driving Pemberton into the Lieut.-commanding (now captain) Byron Wilson, U. S. N. city. The flag-ship pushed up the river as near as she could get to the combatants, and it was soon discovered by the aid of glasses that General Sherman's division was coming in on the left of Snyder's Bluff, cutting off the enemy at tha
concealed in the bushes; but these were soon made to retreat. The vessels only lost one man killed and eight wounded--but the amount of destruction which they caused can hardly be realized. The Confederates now lost all hope of being able to build rams or any other vessels on the tributaries of the Mississippi, and though Yazoo City was for some time after the rendevous of the cowardly guerillas, yet it no longer formed a source of anxiety to the Union forces. On the evening of the 21st of May, Admiral Porter received a communication from General Grant to the effect that he intended to make a general attack upon the Confederate works at Vicksburg at 10 A. M. the next day. He had closely invested the enemy's works and was so near that he thought he could get inside. The Admiral was requested to attack on the water side, and shell all the batteries from 9.30 to 10.30 A. M., to annoy the garrison and draw off as many as possible from the trenches. In the meantime the Admiral w
unication with General Grant in the Rear of Vicksburg, and occupies Haines' Bluff. midnight attack on Vicksburg by the Army and Navy. attack on Yazoo City by the gun-boats and destruction of three iron-clad rams. attack on the Vicksburg works, May 22, by the Army and Navy. loss of the Cincinnati before Vicksburg. her guns transferred to the Rear of the City. destruction of nine Confederate steamers up the Yazoo, by Lieutenant-Commander Walker. attack on Vicksburg, June 19, by the Army and Lieutenant-Commander Shirk. Carondelet, Acting Lieutenant Murphy, and the Sterling Price, Commander Woodworth, have been almost constantly under fire of the batteries at Vicksburg since the forty-five days siege commenced. The attack of the 22d of May, by the Benton, Mound City, Carondelet and Tuscumbia on all the water batteries, in which three were silenced and four guns injured or dismounted, was one of the best contested engagements of the kind during the war. On the next attack of th
Vicksburg works, May 22, by the Army and Navy. loss of the Cincinnati before Vicksburg. her guns transferred to the Rear of the City. destruction of nine Confederate steamers up the Yazoo, by Lieutenant-Commander Walker. attack on Vicksburg, June 19, by the Army and Navy. all the enemy's guns silenced. General Price's Army repulsed by General Mower and the marine brigade. energy shown by the Confederates in Vicksburg. short summary of the work accomplished before Vicksburg by the Navy. ined possession of the Yazoo River and district as far as the rear of Vicksburg but for the delay at Helena. It also assured the success of the Steele's Bayou expedition, which was undertaken soon after the expedition to Yazoo Pass. On the 19th of June, Admiral Porter received a notification from General Grant that he intended to open a general bombardment on the city at 4 A. M. and continue it until 10 o'clock. At the appointed time the bombardment commenced all along the army line and was
ral Mower, a very brave officer, had about 8,000 men at Young's Point, and uniting the marine brigade with his troops he marched out to hunt up General Price's army,--found it and scattered it after a short and decisive battle. Price's army now left this district and troubled it no more. This was the last hope of the besieged, if they had ever hoped anything from so forlorn a scheme, and they sat in their trenches waiting for the time when the last ration should be served out. On the 26th of June, this was the condition of affairs in the city. The gun-boats were by turns throwing shells day and night; the mortars kept up an incessant bombardment. which if it damaged no works demoralized the enemy's troops; a constant fire from the Army and Navy guns in the rear was kept up, day and night, and a 6-inch rifle battery taken from the gun-boats was served with great skill by General McArthur on the left flank. General Mc-Pherson had blown up what was called the citadel of the Confed
ether was broken, and the commerce of the nation went rejoicing on its way to the great ocean, once more to barter with the people of the outside world. That 4th of July was a happy day to all those who had joined in the herculean efforts to bring about the desired end. At a certain hour the American flag was to be hoisted on thy 4, 1863. Dear Admiral — No event in my life could have given me more personal pride or pleasure than to have met you to-day on the wharf at Vicksburg — a Fourth of July so eloquent in events as to need no words or stimulants to elevate its importance. I can appreciate the intense satisfaction you must feel at lying before -Volunteer-Lieutenant J. Goudy, commanding Queen City. There are others who deserve commendation, but these seem to be the most prominent. The action of the 4th of July, at Helena, wherein the Taylor participated so largely, has already been reported to the Department. There is no doubt left in the minds of any, but that the
May 22nd, 1863 AD (search for this): chapter 29
vant, I. Mcarthur, Brig.-Gen. Com'ding 6th Division, 17th Corps. Had Gen. McArthur been let alone, and not been prevented from occupying the works from which the Navy had driven the Confederates, he would have kept possession of every fort on the ridge of hills which overlooked Vicksburg, and decided the fate of the city. To show that these attacks of the gunboats were not child's play, the reports of some of the injuries received by them are herewith mentioned: Mound City, May 22d, 1863. A shot struck and lodged in starboard bow near the stern, and five feet under water. . . . . A shot went through the forecastle on port side into the coal bunkers; a shot on starboard side went through the hammock netting and starboard chimney at the lower band, tearing the chimney half off, then through the galley and overboard. A shot in front passed through two heavy thicknesses of boiler iron, the iron of the the pilot-house near the deck, and through the deck, cutting away
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