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Southampton (United Kingdom) (search for this): chapter 47
paymaster of the Sumter was of little consequence one way or another, and whether he was a prisoner, or at large, made not much difference. Semmes tried in vain to procure the release of his officer, for the United States Government had considerable prestige, and was every day growing more powerful. Mr. Secretary Seward was assuming a determined tone to which foreign powers were forced to listen. After much correspondence the unlucky paymaster was released from confinement and placed on parole as a prisoner-of-war. As it was impossible to get to sea, the Sumter was finally laid up at Gibraltar in charge of a midshipman, while Semmes and some of his officers, on the 15th of April, 1862, embarked on board the mail steamer for Southampton, in search of a better vessel with which to renew their depredations on United States commerce. The Sumter became a blockade-runner, and, after the war, terminated her career on some dangerous shoals in the China Sea and all her crew were lost.
Dutch (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 47
ess her ill-doings. Had there been a fair-sized United States vessel-of-war at either of the ports the Sumter entered, the latter would have probably been refused a supply of coal. The Sumter, owing to strong head-winds and currents, soon expended the greater portion of her coal, and had then to resort to her sails; but on the 19th of August she made the harbor of Paramaribo and obtained a supply of coal and provisions, fraternizing with the officials of the town and with some French and Dutch officers, who seemed to recognize in the Sumter the germ of a Navy that was to supplant that of the United States. All this now seems like the merest mockery, and we can hardly realize how the representatives of old-established Governments could lend themselves to the schemes of the Confederates before they had the slightest evidence that the latter could maintain their position. It must have been a serious matter to admit the ships of long-established Governments into neutral ports for th
Venezuela (Venezuela) (search for this): chapter 47
sted his assistance to reinstate him in the presidential chair of Venezuela; but the Confederate officer declined to play the part of a Warwi4th of July. Curacoa lies but a short distance from the coast of Venezuela. and as both the ports of La Guayra and Puerto Cabello have consto try his hand with Castro's opponent, the de facto President of Venezuela. He thought surely some arrangement could be made with the South will be a convenience to all parties; as well to any citizens of Venezuela who may have an interest in the cargo as to the captors who have tice are of the essence of neutrality, I take it for granted that Venezuela will not adopt it. On the other hand, the rule admitting both in other words, to ascertain if the prize, in which a citizen of Venezuela was interested, would not be permitted to enter the harbor and reonfederacy to deliver the Maxwell over to him until the courts of Venezuela could determine whether or not she had been captured within the m
Massachusetts (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 47
inally reached their destination. On arriving off the harbor of Cienfuegos two more sail were descried from the Sumter, standing off the land. Two more American brigantines were captured — the Ben Dunning of Maine, and the Albert Adams of Massachusetts. They had left the port of Cienfuegos three hours before, and their cargoes of sugar were documented as Spanish property. Prize-crews were thrown on board, and the prize-masters directed to stand in for Cienfuegos light-house and lay — to uonfederate steamer and joined the others off Cienfuegos. When the sea-breeze set in, Semmes stood into the harbor, followed by his six prizes, much to the astonishment of those who had seen the West Wind of Rhode Island, the Louisa Killum of Massachusetts, and the Naiad of New York, sail but a few hours before on their legitimate business. Semmes was treated at Cienfuegos with all due courtesy, and hobnobbed with the Captain of the Port, who had at first fired upon him with musketry, not kn
Paramaribo (Surinam) (search for this): chapter 47
es' absolute authority. order of the Confederate secretary of war. the Sumter at Cayenne and Paramaribo. the Powhatan in close pursuit. the Sumter thoroughly equips at Maranham. the governor's er coal, and had then to resort to her sails; but on the 19th of August she made the harbor of Paramaribo and obtained a supply of coal and provisions, fraternizing with the officials of the town and y answer tile question, Why don't you send your Navy to repress the Sumter? The Sumter left Paramaribo on the 30th of August, the commanding officer giving the pilot to understand that he was bounds had satisfied himself that the display of the Sumter and the Confederate flag in Cayenne and Paramaribo had had a most excellent effect on the fortunes of his young republic! The Powhatan arrived in his journal: At Trinidad the Keystone State lost our trail, and, instead of pursuing us to Paramaribo and Maranham, turned back to the westward. We learn from the same papers that the enemy's ste
Martinique (search for this): chapter 47
scourtesy shown to the officers of the u. S. Steamer Powhatan. the Joseph Parke captured and burned. capture of the schooner Daniel Trowbridge. the Sumter at Martinique. U. S. Steamer Iroquois Blockades the Sumter. the Sumter escapes. capture of the Arcadia, vigilant, and Ebenezer Dodge. the Sumter crosses the atlantic. arph Parke near the equator. Commander Semmes heard of the presence of the Iroquois, Commander James S. Palmer, in the Caribbean Sea, soon after his arrival at Martinique, and made haste to get away from that place before he should be blockaded by the Federal steamer. The Iroquois was superior in every respect to the Sumter, andeared off the harbor, and sent a boat ashore to the United States consul, after which she steamed outside and kept up a steady blockade until the authorities at Martinique called Captain Palmer's attention to the fact that he was violating the sanctity of neutral waters, and requested him to retire beyond the marine league. The m
Louisiana (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 47
vessel in New Orleans. The Sumter was simply a coasting steamer, cumbered with upper cabins, and with apparently none of the attributes of a ship-of-war. Who would imagine that so much harm lurked in that frail vessel? though her graceful lines and jaunty air pleased her commander, who seemed to have had a vivid idea of the destruction he could accomplish with this little craft. Frenchmen are popularly supposed to be prone to revolution, and the enthusiasm of the French population of Louisiana had been early excited at the idea of the secession of the Southern States. Almost immediately, preparations were made by unauthorized persons to prey upon United States commerce, and several vessels were captured and taken to New Orleans. The Federal Government became alarmed at the probable consequences of a wholesale system of privateering, and President Lincoln at once issued his Proclamation. As soon as it became evident that hostilities had broken out between the United States a
New England (United States) (search for this): chapter 47
concern, depositing the proceeds with a suitable prize agent until the decision of the court can be known. With regard to the vessel, I request that she may remain in the custody of the same agent until condemned and sold. Although his Excellency of Puerto Cabello probably knew very little of international law, the American consul at the port was sufficiently well posted, and he at once advised the Governor what course to pursue. The inhabitants were dependent upon their trade with New England and New York for the supply of their necessities, and, of course, the Governor was naturally in favor of his friends rather than a doubtful-looking stranger. So he sent a reply, with God and liberty on the seal, simply informing the Confederate commander that he had not the necessary funcion to answer him diplomatically, but would lay his communication before the supreme Government; meanwhile he desired the Sumter to leave Puerto Cabello, and take the Abby Bradford with her. Had Comma
Capitol (Utah, United States) (search for this): chapter 47
Semmes has published what he doubtless considered a masterly argument in defence of his cause; but, although he speaks of Webster and Story with great contempt, he was hardly equal to either of them as a constitutional lawyer, and the secession fallacy has been so thoroughly exposed that we have no fears of another civil war based on State Rights theories. Commander Semmes resigned his commission in the United States Navy on the 15th of February, 1861, and made the best of his way to the capitol of the Southern Confederacy, temporarily fixed at Montgomery, Alabama. On his arrival he put himself in communication with Mr. Conrad, Chairman of the Confederate States Naval Committee, and when President Davis reached the city, a few days afterwards, offered his services to the Confederate Government. They were at once accepted, and Semmes proceeded to Washington. after a visit to Richmond and Harper's Ferry, to ascertain the character of certain machinery at the latter place, in antic
Mexico (Mexico, Mexico) (search for this): chapter 47
hat was, then, the astonishment of his old companions to find that Semmes was pursuing a course that required the greatest skill and vigor; for there never was a naval commander who in so short a time committed such depredations on an enemy's commerce, or who so successfully eluded the vessels sent in pursuit of him, up to the time of the sinking of the Alabama. Semmes was the last man to have embarked in the business of destroying Northern commerce, for during his service in the war with Mexico he wrote an interesting book, giving an insight into the character of the Mexican people. At the time of his writing this book, the Mexican Government was discussing the project of issuing letters of marque to vessels, authorizing them to prey upon the commerce of the United States. Lieutenant Semmes took the ground that all such cruisers should be treated as pirates, since they had no ports into which they could take captured vessels, but must destroy them on the high seas. The events of
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