word and deed that he would do his duty as a soldier, within his sphere, whatever political policy the Administration might adopt or whatever political aspects the war might assume.
This was all the Administration had a right to ask. That he had the confidence and affection of his army is beyond question.
His removal was due to a fact stated affirmatively — though put in the form of a question to General McDowell--by a member of the Congressional Committee on the Conduct of the War, December 26, 1861,--that there is a political element connected with this war which must not be overlooked.
There has indeed been such an element from the beginning in the conduct of this war; it never has, been overlooked, but has always been prominent, and set in the front of the battle, and has been the fruitful source of mistakes and disasters to our cause.
In the present instance it led to the dangerous experiment of changing commanders in front of an enemy; and the bitter experience of Frederic