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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II.. Search the whole document.

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November 13th, 1861 AD (search for this): chapter 11
an $4 per monthly; and that all ablebodied colored persons, not employed as aforesaid, will be immediately put to work in the Engineer's or the Quartermaster's Department. By a subsequent order, Nov. 1, 1861. he directed that the compensation of contrabands working for the Government should be $5 to $10 per month, with soldiers' rations. Maj.-Gen. Dix, being about to take possession of the counties of Accomac and Northampton, Va., on the eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay, issued Nov. 13, 1861. a Proclamation, which says: The military forces of the United States are about to enter your counties as a part of the Union. They will go among you as friends, and with the earnest hope that they may not, by your own acts, be forced to become your enemies. They will invade no rights of person or property. On the contrary, your laws, your institutions, your usages, will be scrupulously respected. There need be no fear that the quietude of any fireside will be disturbed, unless t
December 1st, 1861 AD (search for this): chapter 11
gitive slaves ? Plainly, by the color of their skins, and that only. The sole end of this regulation was the remanding of all slaves to their masters--seven-eighths of whom were most envenomed, implacable Rebels--by depriving them of refuge within our lines from those masters' power. Gen. Camera, the Secretary of War, had already become an ardent and open convert to the policy of recognizing Slavery as the Union's real assailant, and fighting her accordingly. In his Annual Report Dec. 1, 1861. to the President of the operations of his Department, he said: It has become a grave question for determination what shall be done with the slaves abandoned by their owners on the advance of our troops into Southern territory, as in the Beanfort district of South Carolina. The whole White population therein is six thousand, while the number of negroes exceeds thirty-two thousand. The panic which drove their masters in wild confusion from their homes leaves them in undisputed posses
December 4th, 1861 AD (search for this): chapter 11
els, after the close of the war, can be safely left to the wisdom and patriotism of Congress. The Representatives of the people will unquestionably secure to the loyal slaveholders every right to which they are entitled under the Constitution of the country. Simon Cameron, Secretary of War. The abuse of negroes who had escaped from Rebel masters in Virginia and taken shelter within the lines of the Army of the Potomac, elicited the following: Department of State, Washington, Dec. 4, 1861. To Maj.-Gen. Geo. B. Mcclellan: General: I am directed by the President to call your attention to the following subject: Persons claimed to be held to service or labor under the laws of the State of Virginia, and actually employed in hosthe service against the Government of the United States, frequently escape from the lines of the enemy's forces, and are received within the lines of the Army of the Potomac. This Department understands that such persons, afterward coming into th
city of Washington this 19th day of May, in the year of our Lord 1862, and of the independence of the United Scond day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, and of the independenmmed up in the following table: 1860--President. 1862--Gov. Or Congress. States. Lincoln. All others. A1,192,896 1,228,677 1860--Lincoln's maj--208,066. 1862--Opp. maj.--35,781. The Representatives in Cong were politically classified as follows:   1860. 1862.   Repub. Dem. Admin. Opp. New York 23 10 14 1al, 10 States 78 37 57 67 1860--Lincoln maj.--41. 1862--Opposition maj., 10. note.--A new apportionme Census of 1860 changed materially, between 1860 and 1862, the number of Representatives from several of the S the larger share of the Douglas vote of 1860 was in 1862 cast for the Union tickets; but it was clear, at the Whereas, on the 22d day of September, in the year of our Lord 1862, a proclamation was issued I)v the Presi
February 18th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 11
; and their arrest as fugitives from service or labor should be immediately followed by the military arrest of the parties making the seizure. Copies of this communication will be sent to the Major of the City of Washington and to the Marshal of the District of Columbia, that any collision between the civil and military authorities may be avoided. I am, General, your very obedient, William H. Seward. Maj.-Gen. Burnside, having established himself on Roanoke Island, issued, Feb. 18, 1862. conjointly with Com. Golds-borough, a Proclamation, in which he said: The Government asks only that its authority may be recognized; and we repeat, in no manner or way does it desire to interfere with your laws, constitutionally established, your institutions of any kind whatever, your property of any sort, or your usages in any respect. Maj.-Gen. Buell, soon after establishing himself at Nashville, Tenn., thus demonstrated his undoubted devotion to the constitutional guaranties
February 23rd, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 11
sks of dissimulation, falsehood, and treachery, are presumed to be far overbalanced by the chance of thus obtaining valuable information and aid. That the Whites of Missouri were far more likely than the Blacks to be traitors at heart, and infinitely more apt to steal away to the Rebels with important information, was as palpable as noonday; yet Gen. Halleck's No. 3 repelled Blacks only. Gen. Halleck's order No. 13 sheds no further light on this subject; but. in a subsequent order, Feb. 23, 1862. he says: It does not belong to the military to decide upon the relation of master and slave. Such questions must be settled by the civil courts. No fugitive slaves will, therefore, be admitted within our lines or camps, except when specially ordered by the General commanding. Never was a therefore more misplaced. How were the persons presenting themselves adjudged to be or known as fugitive slaves ? Plainly, by the color of their skins, and that only. The sole end of this re
March 6th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 11
hority may be recognized; and we repeat, in no manner or way does it desire to interfere with your laws, constitutionally established, your institutions of any kind whatever, your property of any sort, or your usages in any respect. Maj.-Gen. Buell, soon after establishing himself at Nashville, Tenn., thus demonstrated his undoubted devotion to the constitutional guaranties; making no distinction between Rebels and loyal citizens: headquarters Department of the Ohio. Nashville, March 6, 1862. dear Sir: I have had the honor to receive your communication of the 1st instant, on the subject of fugitive slaves in the camps of the army. It has come to my knowledge that slaves sometimes make their way improperly into our lines; and in some instances they may be enticed there; but I think the number has been magnified by report. Several applications have been made to me by persons whose servants have been found in our camps; and, in every instance that I know of, the master h
March 13th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 11
y be in good faith represented in the Congress of the United States, by members chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such State shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence that such State, and the people thereof, are not then in rebellion against the United States. That attention is hereby called to an act of Congress entitled An act to make an additional Article of War, approved March 13th, 1862; and which act is in the words and figures following: Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That hereafter the following shall be promulgated as an additional article of war for the government of the Army of the United States, and shall be obeyed and observed as such: section 1. All officers or persons in the military or naval service of the United States are prohibited from employing any of the forces und
March 26th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 11
d you that there will always be found some lawless and mischievous persons in every army; but I assure you that the mass of this army is lawabiding, and that it is neither its disposition nor its policy to violate law or the rights of individuals in any particular. With great respect, your obedient servant, D. C. Buell, Brig.-Gen. Commanding Department. Hon. J. R. Underwood, Chairman Military Committee, Frankfort, Ky. Gen. Joseph Hooker, commanding on the Upper Potomac, issued March 26, 1862. the following order: To brigade and regimental commanders of this division: Messrs. Nally, Gray, Dunnington, Dent, Adams, Speake, Price, Posey, and Cobey, citizens of Maryland, have negroes supposed to be with some of the regiments of this division: the Brigadier-General commanding directs that they be permitted to visit all the camps of his command, in search of their property; and, if found, that they be allowed to take possession of the same, without any interference whate
April 6th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 11
eets, over the pavements, and down the lanes and alleys, of that city; cutting and slashing them with cowhide and cat, while their screams of fright and agony made merry music for traitors of every degree. Many were lashed unmercifully; but with no obvious advantage to the national cause, nor even to the improvement of the dubious loyalty of those whom the exhibition most delighted and edified. Gen. Abner Doubleday, being placed in command of the defenses of Washington, answered, April 6, 1862. through his Adjutant, to an inquiry on the subject, as follows: Sir:--I am directed by Gen. Doubleday to say, in answer to your letter of the 2d instant, that all negroes coming into the lines of any of the camps or forts under his command are to be treated as persons, and not as chattels. Under no circumstances, has the commander of a fort or camp the power of surrendering persons claimed as fugitive slaves; as it can not be (done without determining their character. The addi
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