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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II.. Search the whole document.

Found 916 total hits in 196 results.

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Army officers, educated at West Point in a faith that identified devotion to Slavery with loyalty to the Federal Constitution and Government, were of course imbued with a like spirit. Gen. Me-Dowell, in his General Order June 20. See Vol. I., pp. 531-5. governing the first advance from the Potomac into Virginia, was as profoundly silent respecting Slavery and slaves as if the latter had no modem existence; while Gen. McClellan, on making a like advance into Western Virginia, issued May 26 an address to the people thereof, wherein he said: I have ordered troops to cross the river. They come as your friends and your brothers — as enemies only to armed Rebels who are preying upon you. Your homes, your families, and your property, are safe under our protection. All your rights shall be religiously respected. Notwithstanding all that has been said by the traitors to induce you to believe that our advent among you will be signalized by interference with your slaves, under
November 13th, 1861 AD (search for this): chapter 11
an $4 per monthly; and that all ablebodied colored persons, not employed as aforesaid, will be immediately put to work in the Engineer's or the Quartermaster's Department. By a subsequent order, Nov. 1, 1861. he directed that the compensation of contrabands working for the Government should be $5 to $10 per month, with soldiers' rations. Maj.-Gen. Dix, being about to take possession of the counties of Accomac and Northampton, Va., on the eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay, issued Nov. 13, 1861. a Proclamation, which says: The military forces of the United States are about to enter your counties as a part of the Union. They will go among you as friends, and with the earnest hope that they may not, by your own acts, be forced to become your enemies. They will invade no rights of person or property. On the contrary, your laws, your institutions, your usages, will be scrupulously respected. There need be no fear that the quietude of any fireside will be disturbed, unless t
August 4th, 1861 AD (search for this): chapter 11
9th day of May, in the year of our Lord 1862, and of the independence of the United States the eighty-sixth. (Signed) Abraham Lincoln. By the President: W. H. Seward, Secretary of State. Contrary to a very general impression, Gen. McClellan was among the first not only to perceive, but to assert, that the Rebellion was essentially a slaveholders' enterprise, and that it might be effectively assailed through Slavery. Thus, in his Memorandum privately addressed to the President, Aug. 4th, 1861, when lie had but just taken command of the Army of the Potomac, he says: In this contest, it has become necessary to crush a population sufficiently numerous, intelligent, and warlike, to constitute a nation. We have not only to defeat their armed and organized forces in the field, but to display such an overwhelming strength as will convince all our antagonists, especially those of the governing aristocratic class, of the utter impossibility of resistance. Our late reverses make
t you to render a hearty and unequivocal obedience to the law of the land. Yours, Horace Greeley. The President — very unexpectedly — replied to this appeal by telegraph: in order, doubtless, to place before the public matter deemed by him important, and which had probably been prepared for issue before the receipt of the letter to which lie thus obliquely responded: Executive Mansion, Washington, Aug. 22, 1862. Hon. Horace Greeley: dear Sir: I have just read yours of the 19th instant, addressed to myself through The New York Tribune. If there be in it any statements or assumptions of fact which I may know to be erroneous, I do not now and here controvert them. If there be any inferences which I may believe to be falsely drawn, I do not now and here argue against them. If there be perceptible in it an impatient and dictatorial tone, I waive it in deference to an old friend whose heart I have always supposed to be right. As to the policy I seem to be pursuin
April 6th, 1862 AD (search for this): chapter 11
eets, over the pavements, and down the lanes and alleys, of that city; cutting and slashing them with cowhide and cat, while their screams of fright and agony made merry music for traitors of every degree. Many were lashed unmercifully; but with no obvious advantage to the national cause, nor even to the improvement of the dubious loyalty of those whom the exhibition most delighted and edified. Gen. Abner Doubleday, being placed in command of the defenses of Washington, answered, April 6, 1862. through his Adjutant, to an inquiry on the subject, as follows: Sir:--I am directed by Gen. Doubleday to say, in answer to your letter of the 2d instant, that all negroes coming into the lines of any of the camps or forts under his command are to be treated as persons, and not as chattels. Under no circumstances, has the commander of a fort or camp the power of surrendering persons claimed as fugitive slaves; as it can not be (done without determining their character. The addi
April 22nd, 1861 AD (search for this): chapter 11
o a successful issue without seriously disturbing the foundations and buttresses of Slavery. Mr. Lincoln's solicitude on this head, as evinced in his Inaugural Address, Vol I., pp. 422-6. was deepened by the dubious, vacillating attitude of the Border Slave States, especially of his native Kentucky, which lie was particularly anxious to attach firmly to the cause of the Union, while she seemed frantically wedded to Slavery. Gov. Seward, in his elaborate initial dispatch Dated April 22, 1861. to Mr. Dayton, our new Minister to the Court of France, approaching the topic of Slavery with unfeigned reluctance, in a paper designed to modify the ideas and influence the action of a foreign Government — indeed, of, all foreign governments — argued that the Rebellion had no pretext that did not grow out of Slavery, and that it was causeless, objectless, irrational, even in view of Slavery, because of the incontestable fact set forth by him, as follows: Moral and physical causes h
August 6th, 1861 AD (search for this): chapter 11
proclamation be so modified, held, and construed, as to conform with, and not to transcend, the provisions on the same subject contained in the Act of Congress entitled An act to confiscate property used for insurrectionary purposes, approved August 6, 1861; and that the said act be published at length with this order. Your obedient servant, A. Lincoln. In view of the sailing from Fortress Monroe of the Port Royal expedition against the Sea Islands and coast of South Carolina, General Instersons, afterward coming into the city of Washington, are liable to be arrested by the city police, upon the presumption, arising from color, that they are fugitives from service or labor. By the 4th section of the Act of Congress approved August 6, 1861, entitled An act to confiscate proeprty used for insurrectionary purposes, such hostile employment is made a full and sufficient answer to any further claim to service or labor. Persons thus employed and escaping are received into the milita
November 1st, 1861 AD (search for this): chapter 11
Butler in command at Fortress Monroe, issued oct. 14, 1861. an order directing that all colored persons called contrabands employed by officers or others within his command, must be furnished with subsistence by their employers, and paid, if males, not less than $8 ; if females, not less than $4 per monthly; and that all ablebodied colored persons, not employed as aforesaid, will be immediately put to work in the Engineer's or the Quartermaster's Department. By a subsequent order, Nov. 1, 1861. he directed that the compensation of contrabands working for the Government should be $5 to $10 per month, with soldiers' rations. Maj.-Gen. Dix, being about to take possession of the counties of Accomac and Northampton, Va., on the eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay, issued Nov. 13, 1861. a Proclamation, which says: The military forces of the United States are about to enter your counties as a part of the Union. They will go among you as friends, and with the earnest hope that
:: Sir:--Yours of the 8th, in answer to nine of the 2d inst., is just received. Assured that you, upon the ground, could better judge of the necessities of your position than I could at this distance, on seeing your proclamation of August 30, I perceived no general objection to it; the particular clause, however, in relation to the confiscation of property and the liberation of slaves, appeared to me to be objectionable in its non-conformity to the Act of Congress, passed the 6th of last August, upon the same subjects; and hence I wrote you expressing my wish that that clause should be modified accordingly. Your answer, just received, expresses the preference on your part that I should make an open order for the modification; which I very cheerfully do. It is, therefore, ordered that the said clause of said proclamation be so modified, held, and construed, as to conform with, and not to transcend, the provisions on the same subject contained in the Act of Congress entitled An act
ere with your laws, constitutionally established, your institutions of any kind whatever, your property of any sort, or your usages in any respect. Maj.-Gen. Buell, soon after establishing himself at Nashville, Tenn., thus demonstrated his undoubted devotion to the constitutional guaranties; making no distinction between Rebels and loyal citizens: headquarters Department of the Ohio. Nashville, March 6, 1862. dear Sir: I have had the honor to receive your communication of the 1st instant, on the subject of fugitive slaves in the camps of the army. It has come to my knowledge that slaves sometimes make their way improperly into our lines; and in some instances they may be enticed there; but I think the number has been magnified by report. Several applications have been made to me by persons whose servants have been found in our camps; and, in every instance that I know of, the master has recovered his servant and taken him away. I need hardly remind you that there w
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