, which required a vote of two-thirds.
So perished the last effort to compensate the loyal States for the Emancipation of their Slaves — the Democrats and all the Border-State members who were not friends of the Administration unanimously resisting it in every shape and to the extent of their power.
We have seen
Vol. I., p. 388. that the XXXVIth Congress, after it had become Republican through the withdrawal of the representatives of the Gulf States, organized the new Territories of Colorado, Nevada, and Dakotah, by acts which maintained a profound silence with regard to Slavery.
The hope of thus winning a portion of the slaveholding interest to active loyalty in the approaching struggle having been disappointed, Mr. Arnold, of. Ill., submitted
March 24, 1862. to the next House a bill abolishing and prohibiting Slavery in every Territory of the Union; which Mr. Lovejoy, of Ill., duly reported
May 1. and pressed to a vote; ultimately modifying the bill so as to read as fo
inst paying the masters), King, of N. Y., Wilson, of Mass., Harlan, of Iowa, Wilkinson, of Minn., Sumner, of Mass., Fessenden, of Maine, Browning, of Ill., and Morrill, of Maine, and further opposed by Messrs. Wright (Union), of Ind., Willey, of West Va. (who wished the question of Emancipation submitted to a popular vote of the District), Kennedy, of Md., McDougall, of Cal., and Bayard, of Del.--was passed :
April 3. Yeas 29 ; Nays 14-as follows:
Yeas--Messrs. Anthony, Browning, Chandler3; but the Senate refused: Yeas 17; Nays 22.
The bill, after being laid over one day to enable Mr. Davis, of Ky., to make a speech against it, was passed :
June 23, 1864. Yeas 27; Nays 12--Messrs. Cowan, of Pa., and Van Winkle and Willey, of West Va., voting with the Opposition.
The President's signature, five days there-after, made it a law of the land, abolishing for ever the least creditable and most disagreeable function of the marshals of our Federal Courts.
The District of Columbi
was further opposed by Messrs. H. B. Wright, of Pa., Wadsworth, Harding, Menzies, and Wickliffe, of Ky., and supported by Messrs. Hickman, of Pa., Train, of Mass., Lovejoy, of Ill., Dunn, of Ind., C the people to the subject.
Mr. Stevens, of Pa., having moved and carried a reference of this Mhardson, of Ill., Voorhees, of Ind., Biddle, of Pa., for the latter.
All the Republicans who spokeosition; though Messrs. Stevens and Hickman, of Pa., characterized it as timid, temporizing, and ofessrs. Bingham, of Ohio, Stevens and Kelley, of Pa., R. Conkling and Diven, of N. Y., Arnold and Lod against
March 20, 1862. by Mr. Hickman, of Pa., its Chairman--because the President has all pon, of Ohio, Wm. Kellogg, of Ill., Killinger, of Pa., Mitchell, of Ind., Nixon, of N. J., Norton, ofMaine, Eliot, of Mass., McKnight and Kelley, of Pa., and Maynard, of Tenn., in favor, and Messrs. Dsey.
That report killed it. But Mr. Wilmot, of Pa., soon revived
May 23. the proposition, by a
, and supported by Messrs. Wilson, of Mass., Howard, of Michigan, Sherman, of Ohio, McDougall, of Cal., and Anthony, of R. I., and passed:
Marcy 10. Yeas 29; Nays 9--a party vote, save that Mr. McDougall, of Cal., voted Yea. The bill thus enacted was approved by the President, March 13th, 1862.
Gen. Wilson, upon evidence that the above act was inadequate to restrain the negro-catching propention of Emancipation submitted to a popular vote of the District), Kennedy, of Md., McDougall, of Cal., and Bayard, of Del.--was passed :
April 3. Yeas 29 ; Nays 14-as follows:
Yeas--Messrs. Anry, of Delaware, and more temperately opposed by Messrs. Willey, of Va., McDougall and Latham, of Cal., and Powell, of Ky. Mr. Henderson, of Mo., supported it, and thenceforward acted as an emancipati., Kennedy, of Md., Carlile, of Va., Powell, of Ky., Wilson, of Mo., Wright, of N. J., Latham, of Cal., Nesmith and Stark, of Oregon.
It is noteworthy that a majority of these Nays were the votes of
d further opposed by Messrs. Wright (Union), of Ind., Willey, of West Va. (who wished the question oa., Train, of Mass., Lovejoy, of Ill., Dunn, of Ind., Cox and Vallandigham, of Ohio; and passed undermer; Messrs. Richardson, of Ill., Voorhees, of Ind., Biddle, of Pa., for the latter.
All the Repubn not go back ward.
Said Mr. John Law, of Indiana:
The man who dreams of closing the presenand Delano, of Mass., Diven, of N. Y., Dunn, of Ind., Fisher, of Del., Horton, of Ohio, Wm. Kellogg, of Ill., Killinger, of Pa., Mitchell, of Ind., Nixon, of N. J., Norton, of Ill., Porter, of Ind., AInd., A. H. Rice, of Mass., Stratton, of N. J., and Train, of Mass.
Mr. Porter, of Ind., now moved
MaInd., now moved
May 27. a reconsideration; which narrowly escaped defeat, on a motion by Mr. Holman that it do lie on f 1793. Messrs. Ashley, of Ohio, and Julian, of Ind., introduced bills of like tenor.
Mr. Julian fution; but this was, on motion of Mr. Holman, of Ind., laid on the table: Yeas 82; Nays 73.