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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II.. Search the whole document.

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Richmond (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
t Mr. Lincoln's initial Proclamation aforesaid had hardly been diffused throughout the Confederacy, when measures of deadly retaliation and vengeance were loudly pressed on every hand. That a Government struggling against a Rebellion founded on Slavery, should threaten to fight the consequence through the cause, was esteemed an immeasurable stretch of presumption. The following dispatch aptly embodies the prevailing sentiment:-- Charleston, S. C., Oct. 13, 1862. Hon. Wm. P. Miles, Richmond, Va.: Has the bill for the execution of Abolition prisoners, after January next, been passed?Do it; and England will be stirred into action. It is high time to proclaim the black flag after that period. Let the execution be with the garrote. (Signed) G. T. Beauregard. Prior to the issue Jan. 1, 1863. of President Lincoln's later, unconditional edict of emancipation, Jefferson Davis had, in proclaiming Dec. 23, 1862. the outlawry of Gen. Butler and his officers, See p. 10
Tennessee (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
We learn that 150 able-bodied free colored men, of Charleston, yesterday offered their services gratuitously to the Governor, to hasten forward tile important work of throwing up redoubts wherever needed along our coast. The Legislature of Tennessee, that negotiated that State out of the Union, by secret treaty with the Confederate Executive, passed June 28, 1861. an act authorizing the Governor (Isham G. Harris)-- to receive into the military service of the State all male free perso seek protection within the Union lines, and should not be otherwise employed, into the National service. Next appeared Oct. 3. an order from the War Department, establishing recruiting stations for Black soldiers in Maryland, Missouri, and Tennessee, and directing the enlistment as volunteers of all able-bodied free negroes; also the slaves of disloyal persons [absolutely], and slaves of loyal persons with the consent of their owners, who were to be paid $300 for each slave so enlisted, up
Groton (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
hat day, as little disputed in New England as their other rights. They took their place, not in a separate corps, but in the ranks with the White man; and their names may be real on the pension-rolls of the country, side by side with those of other soldiers of the Revolution.--Bancroft's History of the United States vol. VII., p. 421. around Boston by the tidings of Lexington, Concord, and Bunker Hill, and were freely accepted in regiments mainly White ; though Maj. Samuel Lawrence, of Groton, Mass., is reported as having, at an early day, commanded a company of negroes in the Continental line. But Slavery was then cherished in nearly all the organized colonies; and its inconsistency with the embodiment of its victims in the armies of Freedom was felt to be so galling that the Committee of Safety judiciously resolved: May 20, 1775. That it is the opinion of this Committee, as the contest now between Great Britain and the Colonies respects the liberties and privileges of the
ecting those and other fugitives, contrary to the policy of the Government, which Gen. Butler was endeavoring, so far as possible, to conform to, Gen. Phelps, in his report June 16, 1862. to Gen. Butler's Adjutant, justifying his conduct in the premises — after setting forth the impossibility of putting down the Rebellion and at the same time upholding its parent, Slavery, and the absolute necessity of adopting a decided anti-Slavery policy — says: The enfranchisement of the people of Europe has been, and is still, going on, through the instrumentality of military service ; and by this means our slaves might be raised in the scale of civilization and prepared for freedom. Fifty regiments might be raised among them at once, which could be employed in this climate to preserve order, and thus prevent the necessity of retrenching our liberties, as we should do by a large army exclusively of Whites. For it is evident that a considerable army of Whites would give stringency to our G
Massachusetts (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
rollment, regardless of color Democratic denunciation thereof Gov. Andrew, of Mass., raises two Black regiments New York, by her loyal League, follows the exampleuished as the Boston Massacre; and Crispus Attucks, a mulatto fugitive from Massachusetts Slavery, was a leader of the patriot mob, and one of the four killed outrigsewhere; as many of those composing it had done prior to its organization. Massachusetts, New York, Act of March 20, 1781. and other States, followed the exampleackest negro in the district go as a substitute for him. Thus, Mr. Wilson, of Mass., having reported July 8, 1862. to the Senate a bill to amend the act of 1795 pay of the White soldiers was $13 per month, beside clothing. Gov. Andrew, of Mass., on his solicitation, was authorized Jan. 26, 1863. by Secretary Stanton to f three years men volunteer companies of artillery for duty in the forts of Massachusetts and elsewhere, and such companies of infantry for the volunteer military se
Hilton Head (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
ugh not very profound enthusiasm, and military organization and arming became the order of the day, a number of Blacks quietly hired a public hall and commenced drilling therein, in view of the possibility of a call to active service, they were promptly notified by the Chief of Police that they must desist from these military exercises, or he could not protect them from popular indignation and assault. They had no choice but to do as they were bidden. Gen. Hunter, while in command at Hilton Head, was the first to direct the organization of colored men as soldiers, soon after issuing his order of general Emancipation throughout his department, already recorded. See page 246. This movement elicited June 5, 1862. from Mr. Wickliffe, of Ky., in the House, the following resolution of inquiry: Resolved, That the Secretary of War be directed to inform this House if Gen. Hunter, of the Department of South Carolina, has organized a regiment of South Carolina volunteers for the d
Minnesota (Minnesota, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
e vehemently opposed by Messrs. Saulsbury, of Del., G. Davis, of Ky., Carlile, of Va., and others of the Opposition. Mr. G. Davis endeavored to strike out the words last above quoted; but failed: Yeas, 11; Nays, 27. After much debate, the Senate decided, by close votes, to free, as a reward for services in the Union armies, the slaves of Rebels only, and not to free the wives and children even of these. In this shape, the bill passed July 15. the Senate: Yeas 28 (including Mr. Rice, of Minn.); Nays 9 (all the Opposition present and voting but Mr. Rice aforesaid). And the bill going thence to the House, Mr. Stevens, of Pa., at once demanded and obtained the Previous Question thereon; and an attempt to lay it on the table having failed (Yeas 30; Nays 77), it was passed, July 16. and signed next day by the President. By another act of like date and similar history, Congress prescribed that the enrollment of the Militia shall in all cases include all able-bodied male citizens be
South Carolina (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
s. In the Continental Congress, Mr. Edward Rutledge, of S. C., moved Sept. 26, 1775. that all negroes be dismissed froages for past injury in withholding and denying it. South Carolina John Adams, in his Diary, gives, under date of Sept. give a melancholy account of the States of Georgia and South Carolina. They say that, if 1,000 regular troops should land iable and willing slaves was urged by Hon. Henry Laurens, of S. C., by his son Col. John Laurens, by Col. Alexander Hamilton, ipped and armed, the only loyal regiment yet raised in South Carolina. I must say, in vindication of my own conduct, that Hunter's original recruiting and organizing Blacks in South Carolina having been without express authority, there was no wa cadet graduates of the present year should be sent to South Carolina and this point, to organize and discipline our African ready, in May, 1863, to proceed to the seat of war in South Carolina, application was made in their behalf to the Chief of
Lake Providence (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
. Davis on Federal arming of Blacks the Confederate Congress punishes it with death President Lincoln threatens retaliation Garrett Davis, S. S. Cox & co. Denounce the arming of Blacks Adjt.-Gen. Thomas engages in the work his speech at Lake Providence Gen. Banks's order negro recruiting goes ahead efficiency of Black soldiers. the first fatal collision March 5, 1770. between British soldiers and American patriots was popularly distinguished as the Boston Massacre; and Crispus Attis, Helena, and other points, where Blacks were congregated, addressing them in exposition of the Emancipation policy, and urging them to respond to it by rallying to the flag of their country. To our officers and soldiers, in a speech at Lake Providence, La., April 8. he forcibly said: You know full well — for you have been over this country — that the Rebels have sent into the field all their available fighting men — every man capable of bearing arms; and you know they have kept at hom<
Paris, Ky. (Kentucky, United States) (search for this): chapter 22
ng negroes among their troops ; and thereupon offering to pay for all negroes taken in arms, and guaranteeing, to every one who should desert the Rebel standard, full security to follow within these lines any occupation which he shall think proper. Lord Cornwallis, during his Southern campaign, proclaimed freedom to all slaves who would join him; and his subordinates — Tarleton especially — took away all who could be induced to accompany them. Jefferson, in a letter to Dr. Gordon, Dated Paris, July 16, 1788. estimates that this policy cost Virginia no less than 30,000 slaves in one year; most of them dying soon of small-pox and camp-fever. Thirty were carried off by Tarleton from Jefferson's own homestead; and Jefferson characteristically says: Letter to Gordon aforesaid. Had this been to give them freedom, he would have done right. The War of 1812 with Great Britain was much shorter than that of the Revolution, and was not, like that, a struggle for life or death. Yet,
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