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Browsing named entities in Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler.

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ion, as we shall see as we go on, caused several direful results in the movements of both armies, more especially in the delay in the discharge of the mine at Petersburg, which caused the loss of some thousands of brave soldiers, and in the delays of Early, which lost him Washington in the summer of 1864. Within a few days preceding Sunday, the 5th day of May, I was called to Washington upon two occasions, each of which fortuitously resulted in a consultation with General Scott. On the first of these occasions I reached Washington quite early in the morning, and as I could not see General Scott until eleven o'clock, I called upon the Secretary of the Treasury, Mr. Chase, at his office in the department. I found him busily engaged in studying a map of Virginia in company with Major McDowell. Chase said to me :-- Look here, General, I want your attention to this matter, pointing to the map. Here is Manassas Junction, where there is the junction of the system of railroads whic
bjected to by Lee. I ought to state what the dangers were. It is well known that persons having had the yellow fever and thus becoming acclimated, are no more liable to a recurrence of the disease than in the case of that other scourge of armies, the smallpox. In the year 1853, beginning August 1, excluding those that were not liable to have the yellow fever and those who had gone out from New Orleans for the summer, the population open to the disease was thirty thousand only. On the first week in August there were 909 deaths from yellow fever; on the second week, 1,282; on the third week, 1,575; and on the fourth week, the deaths in one day, the 22d of August, were 239; so that, from the 28th of May, there were 7,439 certified deaths by yellow fever. Many hundreds died away from the city and up the river, and many died on the steamers, while attempting to get away. These figures do not include those who died in the suburbs, Algiers, Jefferson City, Aetna, and Carrollton. T
season. Capt. Martin. Lieut. Harrold. Capt. Clark. Capt. Davis. Col. Shoffer. Col. French. Capt. Haggerty. Lieut. Chark. Lieut.-Col. Kinsman. Major strong. General Butler. Major Bell. Gen. Benj. F. Butler and staff. Engraved from photograph in possession of Gen. Butler. To this letter I received the following reply:-- Washington, D. C., Sept. 14, 1862. Maj.-Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, New Orleans: General:--I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your report of the 1st instant. The rumor in regard to your removal from the command is a mere newspaper story, without foundation. Probably someone who wished the changes proposed made the publication as a feeler of public sentiment. . . . H. W. Halleck, General-in-Chief. About the time I received this information, the secessionists at their clubs in New Orleans were betting, a hundred dollars to ten, that I should be very shortly relieved and Banks sent in my place. The French inhabitants declared they knew
all-day or all-night march which had placed them in a position of advantage, failed to show a trace of that enthusiasm and élan which characterized the earlier days of the campaign. This result was not due to moral causes only. Physically the troops were dead-beat, from the exertions and privations of the preceding two months. [no. 82. see page 715.] [Private.] Headquarters of Tie Army, Washington, July 3, 1864. Lieut.-Gen. U. S. Grant, City Point, Va.: General:--Your note of the 1st instant in relation to General Butler is just received. I will, as you propose, await further advices from you before I submit the matter officially to the Secretary of War and the President. It was foreseen from the first that you would eventually find it necessary to relieve General B. on account of his total unfitness to command in the field, and his generally quarrelsome character. What shall be done with him, has therefore, already been, as I am informed, a matter of consultation. To sen
ew Orleans; if at New Orleans, a demonstration here. Respectfully, your obedient servant, T. Williams, Brigadier-General Volunteers. Capt. R. S. Davis, Assistant Adjutant-General. P. S. I shall send Mahan down by the first opportunity to headquarters. I hope the rebels have as many sick as I have. Perhaps (let us hope at least) that a battle may to our sick exert all the effects of the best tonic of the pharmacopoeia. T. W., Brigadier-General. I answered General Williams on the 3d; I received your note by the hand of John Mann [Mahan?], who was in my confidential service. While his information may be relied upon as correct, yet all the inferences which he draws may not be. I farther gave reasons which I had from the movement of the enemy at Camp Moore that the attack would be delayed. And while I would not have you relax your vigilance, I think you need fear no assault at present. When it does come I know you will be ready. On the evening of that day I sent a con
told that all Maryland had arisen as one man to oppose my march. But I have never believed much in camp rumors, If Lefferts did not co-operate, I still determined to march in the morning with my own regiment, seize the ferry-boat Maryland, and go to Annapolis, and hold the town with such aid as I could get from the Naval Academy, which could probably furnish me with provisions. The premises of the academy were surrounded on three sides by a heavy wall, and overlooked the water on the fourth, so that they could easily be protected with their guns. I believed I could hold Annapolis until reinforced by troops coming from the North by water, and I thought that to be, under the circumstances, the best plan to get relief to Washington. Mr. Felton enthusiastically seconded me in both propositions. He said that he would put the Maryland at my disposal, and that he would have her provided with water and coal, if the enemy had not taken possession of her. She should take me to Annap
ch he did not render until the 30th of September, he makes every attempt to belittle his force, although he denominates the battle a victory. The War Records show that he had forty-six different organizations of some sort present. Van Dorn had ordered him to attack on the 5th of August at daybreak, supported by the ram Arkansas, which had been sent down there. He says he intended a surprise. General Williams, in command of the department, learned when the attack would be made. On the 4th he called together his several commanding officers and selected the position of his forces to meet the attack. General Weitzel reported that this position was an admirable one. Then Williams awaited Breckinridge. The attack was made under cover of an almost impenetrable fog, but it was fully met by Williams and his command. Breckinridge made one mistake: He knew our centre was held by the Indiana regiment, and he had also learned that at dress parade on the night of the 4th only one hun
and place C. F. Smith in command. You are at liberty to regard this as a positive order, if it will smooth your way. I appreciate the difficulties you have to encounter, and will be glad to relieve you from trouble as far as possible. On the 4th Halleck telegraphed me :-- A rumor has just reached me that since the taking of Fort Donelson Grant has resumed his former bad habits. If so, it will account for his repeated neglect of my often-repeated orders. I do not deem it advisable to rders [from Halleck] dated March 1 to move my command back to Fort Henry, leaving only a small garrison at Donelson. From Fort Henry expeditions were to be sent against Eastport, Mississippi, and Paris, Tennessee. We started from Donelson on the 4th, and the same day I was back on the Tennessee River. On March 4, I also received the following despatch from General Halleck:-- Maj.-Gen. U. S. Grant, Fort Henry: You will place Maj.-Gen. C. F. Smith in command of expedition, and remain you
nto the prisoner's eyes. The man, without a will, was compelled to obey, by every constitution of his infirm mind. Guilty, he faltered, and sunk down into his seat, crushed with a sense of shame. Now, gentlemen, said the counsel for the prisoner, have I, or have I not, performed my part of the compact? You have. Then perform yours. This was done. A nol pros. was duly entered upon the three indictments. The counsel for the prosecution immediately moved for sentence on the fourth, to which the prisoner had pleaded guilty. General Butler then rose, with that indictment in his hand, and pointed out a flaw in it, manifest and fatal. The error was in designating the place where the crime was committed. Your honor perceives, said the General, that this court has no jurisdiction in the matter. I move that the prisoner be discharged from custody. Ten minutes from that time, the astounded man was walking out of the court-room free. The flaw in the indictment,
Court-House, Va., April 28, 1864. Major-General Butler, Commanding Department of Virginia and North Carolina: General:--If no unforeseen accident prevents, I will move from here on Wednesday, the 4th of May. Start your forces the night of the 4th, so as to be as far up James River as you can get by daylight on the morning of the 5th, and push from that time with all your might for the accomplishment of the object before you. Should anything transpire to delay my movement, I will telegraph General. Fortress Monroe, Va., May 3, 1864. Lieutenant-General Grant, Commanding armies U. S.: Your telegram is received this morning. General Gillmore has just arrived, but has not yet landed. We understand the order to be on Wednesday, the 4th, at 8 o'clock P. M., and it will be obeyed. Benj. F. Butler, Major-General Commanding. [no. 26. Seepage 639.] By Telegraph from Yorktown, Midnight, May 4, 1864. Major-General Butler: Two divisions have started. The miserable conveniences f
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