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Dismal Swamp Canal (United States) (search for this): chapter 11
an inland town in a pine region. But to my horror and astonishment in the latter part of July yellow fever struck Newbern, and as my recollection is now,--and it will be of little consequence whether I am right or wrong,--one half of the people, white and black, died or were afflicted with this fell disease. The troops had to be called away from there and we lost many soldiers with the scourge. I gave orders to have extra care taken that nobody should come up on the boats through Dismal Swamp canal from Newbern until proper means of fumigation and cleansing had been taken, and I was fortunate enough to have no case at Norfolk. I was extremely solicitous to know what was the condition of things which caused the yellow fever in Newbern, and after the frosts came I went down there. When I got within two miles of the place I met an awful stench, as of the unclean and uncovered filth of camps. I rode around the town, a circle of three miles and better, and I found the whole town en
Gulf of Mexico (search for this): chapter 11
many years. There were three canals or bayous which ran from the river through the city into Lake Pontchartrain, a shallow lake, four or five miles away, into which the salt water flowed through the rigolets or straits leading in from the Gulf of Mexico. There were numerous fresh water streams running into the lake which very considerably freshened the water. I learned from an old engineer that the lake had another peculiarity. The difference in the tide in the Gulf of Mexico rarely excGulf of Mexico rarely exceeded eighteen inches. The blowing of the winds into the Gulf and out of the Gulf overcame the difference of tides. So with the lake; a good, strong, north wind, called a norther, would blow the waters of the lake out into the Gulf so as to lower the lake two and one half feet. Again, the south wind would bring a quantity of salt water back into the lake. All the drainage of the city flowed into the lake through the drains from the houses, and all the water pumped from the Mississippi River
Nassau River (Florida, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
tunately for my theory, I had a confirmation of it. A little tug came over from Nassau, a port which was interdicted because the yellow fever prevailed there. The ca was loaded with barrelled provisions from New York and that she had stopped at Nassau only to take on coal. It was sworn to, also, that she took on nothing else, especially no passengers, and no part of the crew came from Nassau. They all came from New York, and the tug stopped nowhere, and they all seemed to have been afraid to go on shore at Nassau on account of the fever. As I did not believe that yellow fever could be brought in soft coal, and as the tug had provisions which were neede come from? There were two passengers on board the little tug that came from Nassau. You must be mistaken, doctor. It was sworn expressly that there were no passengers on board, and certainly none from Nassau, and I called for the report, which was at hand. I found that I was right, but the oath had been false. Well,
New England (United States) (search for this): chapter 11
has ever heard of since the days of the great Roman conspirator. By means of a secret organization emanating from that fecund source of every political infamy, New England, and named Know-Nothingism or Sammyism, --from the boasted exclusive devotion of the fraternity to the United States,--our city, from being the abode of decencys know how. Good-morning, sir. I had learned that the rebels were actually relying largely upon the yellow fever to clear out the Northern troops, the men of New England and the Northwest, with their fresh lips and clear complexions, whom they had learned from experience were usually the first victims of that scourge. I had headrawn out was allowed to stand for months in the area, exposed to the sun. That was the condition in part of this high-toned woman's back yard, as we call it in New England. My inspector called upon her. Did you receive an order? Yes. Well, marm, --he was a full-toned Yankee--why didn't you clean up your back yard? My
Louisiana (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
in thus taking possession of the city of New Orleans and the State of Louisiana, and the rules and regulations by which the laws of the Unitee now representing, to honest planters and good people of the State of Louisiana that the United States Government by its force has come here vernment or of an insane wretch, one Thomas O. Moore, governor of Louisiana and commander-in-chief of its militia, who issued some crazy orde J. Durant, leading Unionist and formerly the attorney-general of Louisiana: General, you will understand to what we are reduced when I tell perty, leaving children penniless and old age hopeless. Men of Louisiana, workingmen, property-holders, merchants, and citizens of the Unid not believe it true, that General Lee relied for the defence of Louisiana and the recapture of New Orleans, upon the depletion of our troopayou Teche, which is a little gut extending from the Gulf up into Louisiana, of course entirely filled in the summer with decaying vegetable
Norfolk (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
onsideration of yellow fever subject how it was fought at Norfolk and New Berne two years later one thing West Point needs rds, I applied exactly the same method in the city of Norfolk, Virginia, a port which the yellow fever never before shunned wk, which was down the river some distance from the city of Norfolk. On visiting them I found they had nothing on earth to do hard labor of that. I set them to work in the streets of Norfolk, in the Massachusetts House of Correction uniform with scaey were never allowed to get up beyond the quarantine. At Norfolk, however, military necessity required me to run two steamers a week backward and forward between Norfolk and the fever-stricken town of Newbern, North Carolina, a small country town o been taken, and I was fortunate enough to have no case at Norfolk. I was extremely solicitous to know what was the conditioction with the yellow fever, but quite as much was done in Norfolk for which I never got any credit at all. But whether I des
Massachusetts (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
d one said: Jack, have you heard the news? No, Tom, what is it? Got the yellow fever prime down in Frenchtown; two Yanks dead already. It will sweep them all off. No surgeon in my army ever saw a case of yellow fever or had any instruction in meeting this hideous foe. A panic seized many of my officers. There were still other reasons for them to pine for home. New troops were being raised, and as the Army of the Gulf had acquired some reputation, the governors of all States, save Massachusetts, were glad to get officers from my army to promote into these new regiments. So, if they could but get home, they would find safety, promotion, and happiness. They were becoming downcast, and I feared the effect of this very despondency in increasing the liability to the disease. I asked one old New Orleans physician if there were any means of keeping the fever away from the city. He told me there was none. I asked him if there were no means of preventing its spreading over the ci
West Point (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
clean just two cases of fever that summer further consideration of yellow fever subject how it was fought at Norfolk and New Berne two years later one thing West Point needs On the morning of the first day of May, having determined to disembark my troops, or as many of them as had then arrived, and take possession of the ciy three years by the Union and rebel troops alternately, commanded by officers who had been taught nothing of sanitary science. This science is not taught at West Point. The want of its proper application to the troops in the field kills more men than are killed by bullets, for it takes nearly a man's weight in lead to be shothe hope that military men and physicians will examine the question. Perhaps if they find that yellow fever can be controlled, someone may get an appointment to West Point as an instructor in a new branch of military science, which instruction may save a great many lives. In aid of this I will give another instance of the break
Jeff Davis (Texas, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
beef by the provision boats. It may be well to say in passing, that the gold thus sent away all the banks very much wanted to get back again, and applied to the rebel government for leave to have it sent, and applied to me for permission to have it returned and delivered to them. Memminger, the secretary of the rebel treasury, refused that permission, and the Confederate government took possession of the gold as a sacred trust. But that gold afterwards was carried off from Richmond when Jeff Davis escaped, and at his capture was plundered by those having it in charge. Of course these modes of bringing provisions to the city had to be stopped on account of the abuses made of the privileges granted. This, of course, brought the city again almost to the verge of starvation. The city government had not voted a single dollar for the relief of the poor. There were one hundred and fifty thousand inhabitants. There were more paroled rebel soldiers in the city than the general had tro
Moore, La. (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 11
t come as a divine interposition on behalf of the brethren. Every means was taken to harass my naturally homesick officers and soldiers with dire accounts of the scourge of yellow fever. I had also heard, but did not believe it true, that General Lee relied for the defence of Louisiana and the recapture of New Orleans, upon the depletion of our troops by yellow fever; but, alas! it was true, as shown by the following correspondence:-- headquarters Department No. 1, C. S. A., camp Moore, La., May 12, 1862. Governor Thomas O. Moore: Sir:--. . . With reference to your want of knowledge of my plans, it has probably escaped your mind that I read to you yesterday that part of my letter to General Lee which related to my future course of action, and it seemed to meet the approval of Judge Moise and yourself. It was simply to organize a central force of 5,000 men, which, in connection with corps of Partisan Rangers, might succeed in confining the enemy to New Orleans, and thus su
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