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Charleston (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
s, celerity, distance, and secrecy, was never before equalled, in any particular, in the history of war. On the 30th of April I received from General Grant my final orders, See Appendix No. 23. to start my forces on the night of the 4th of May so as to get up James River as far as possible by daylight the next morning, and to push on with the greatest energy from that time for the accomplishment of the object designated in the plan of campaign. General Gillmore did not arrive from Charleston until the 3d of May, so that I was deprived of the full opportunity of organizing the Tenth Corps, and did not have so much consultation with him upon the plans of the movement as was desirable. His reasons for the delay were substantially set forth in a letter which I addressed to General Grant on the 20th of April. See Appendix No. 24. The iron-clads had not come up, and both these causes of delay were sources of great anxiety as well to the lieutenant-general as to the general com
Harrison's Landing (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
of the enemy handsomely met and repulsed. When I had reported for duty to Mr. Stanton in obedience to his order to take command, he informed me of the probable importance of my department in the campaign of the coming spring and summer, in which would be a movement upon Richmond. Whereupon in all my spare moments I examined particularly the topography of Virginia and North Carolina and that, too, in connection with the campaigns of McClellan around Richmond and his final retreat to Harrison's Landing. I was a good deal impressed with the peculiar topographical formation of the country below Richmond on the south side of the James down as far as its junction with the Appomattox. In their windings the rivers approach each other within two miles and a half, at a point on the James about eight miles in direct line from Richmond, and on the Appomattox about the same distance from Petersburg. A glance at the map will show these two places, the Point of Rocks near Port Walthall five
Fredericksburg, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
cClellan's army in 1862, Halleck reports that On the first of August I ordered General Burnside to immediately embark his troops at Newport News [on the James River], transfer them to Acquia Creek [near Washington], and take position opposite Fredericksburg. This officer moved with great promptness, and reached Acquia Creek on the night of the third. It also happened that I was proven right, for in the summer Lee did send Early to make an attack on Washington with his corps, it being known giving information of the movements of General Grant. The first stated that on Friday night Lee's army was in full retreat for Richmond, Grant pursuing; that Hancock had passed Spottsylvania Court-House, on the morning of the 8th; and that Fredericksburg was occupied by Federal forces. See Appendix No. 35. This was followed by the information that another despatch from Grant had just been received at the War Department; that he was marching with his whole army to make a junction with me,
Hampton (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
was the highest point ever reached by the navy until after the surrender of Richmond. The admiral also doubted whether it was possible to make the movement a surprise, and argued strenuously against an attempt by the joint expedition to go above City Point,--Osborn, the point proposed by me, being almost twenty miles beyond by the river. To divert the enemy's attention, all the white troops were concentrated at Yorktown and Gloucester Point, and all the colored infantry and artillery at Hampton, the colored cavalry at Williamsburg, and all the white cavalry at the line beyond Norfolk in the direction of Suffolk. About the 1st of May West Point, at the head of York River, was seized, preparations were made for building wharves and landings, and fortifications were begun, as if with the intention of making this the base of operations for a junction with Grant's army. General Meigs, quartermaster-general, was of opinion that it would be nearly, if not quite impossible to gather
Mobile, Ala. (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
on secretly. He pressed upon me over and over again that my objective point must be Richmond, and that I must be there on the south side within ten days after his march began, as he would be there on the north side of the James to join me. General Grant further informed me that General Banks was moving up Red River, and had been ordered to get through within a limited time, so that if I needed additional force, a part of his army would be ordered to reinforce me instead of moving against Mobile. He said that it was particularly desirable that I should have the Weldon Railroad cut at Hicksford, as that would prevent reinforcements coming from the South and supplies from reaching Richmond, so that we should be able the more easily to starve Lee out. He remained some three days examining into the details of the proposed campaign, studying with care the topography of the country around Richmond, with which he seemed to have no acquaintance, and discussing matters of the exchange
Port Royal (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
g you would send for me have advised very strongly against it. And as your strongest friend, I myself must advise against it, especially because I think they will throw every obstacle in the way of our having an early march. At this I gave it up. The only delay experienced in the movement up James River came from General Gillmore, who did not effect his embarkation with the celerity which his orders and place in line required, and I telegraphed him that having waited for his corps from Port Royal, I was not a little surprised at the necessity for waiting for him at Fortress Monroe, and instructed him to push forward. See Appendix No. 27. During the 6th the remainder of the troops were landed. A march of about seven miles brought us to the proposed line, which was at once occupied, and intrenching begun. It was discovered that on the opposite side of the Appomattox, at Springhill, the ground overlooked the Bermuda side. We occupied this point by General Hincks with his color
Fortress Monroe (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
and North Carolina, with headquarters at Fortress Monroe. The Union forces were then in occupatiog he would certainly have taken a ride to Fortress Monroe to greet an old friend of his who would h day of April, General Grant came down to Fortress Monroe to consult with me as to the campaign agathirty thousand troops from Washington to Fortress Monroe, and the whole country was ransacked for rt my army from Yorktown, Gloucester, and Fortress Monroe in twenty-four hours, so as to be up the lmore will be ordered to report to you at Fortress Monroe, with all the troops on transports, by thn Mr. Lincoln's confidence, came to me at Fortress Monroe. This was after a high position in the ch co-operative movement before he came to Fortress Monroe, and that Smith himself was quite impressd of Brig.-Gen. E. W. Hincks, embarked at Fortress Monroe. At sunrise of the 5th, General Kautz, wd at the necessity for waiting for him at Fortress Monroe, and instructed him to push forward. S[8 more...]
Gloucester, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
hours after I was notified of the march of his army across the Rapidan. By besieging West Point, at the head of York River, and beginning to fortify it, erecting store-houses, as if I was making a base of supplies for my army when it landed to meet the army of the enemy, I could so far hoodwink Lee and his officers that they would believe I was there fifty miles away from Richmond for the purpose of joining Grant's army. I could gather the water craft to transport my army from Yorktown, Gloucester, and Fortress Monroe in twenty-four hours, so as to be up the James River at City Point and Bermuda before the enemy knew that I was moving in that direction. I explained to him in great detail every step that I proposed to take to do this, and thus showed him every one by which I afterwards did that very thing. He at first said it was impossible, but I so far convinced him that he agreed that the enterprise should be undertaken, and that he himself would move upon the quartermaster-ge
South Carolina (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
hat can be spared from garrison duty,--I should say not less than twenty thousand men — to operate on the south side of James River, Richmond being your objective point. To the force you already have will be added about ten thousand men from South Carolina, under Major-General Gillmore, who will command them in person. Maj.-Gen. W. F. Smith is ordered to report to you, to command the troops sent into the field from your own department. General Gillmore will be ordered to report to you at Fome time I received a despatch which showed that the enemy had withdrawn from North Carolina, and might be concentrating upon Richmond to form a junction with Lee. See Appendix No. 39. The enemy had already withdrawn all their troops from South Carolina. While meditating upon all this information, the correctness of which I could not doubt, for it had been sent from General Grant for my guidance, I was roused by a communication from both of my corps commanders, in the handwriting of General
Plymouth, N. C. (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 16
the line of railroad from New Berne, and the cities of New Berne, Plymouth, and Washington, and as much land as was fairly within the pickets these several posts it appeared to me that holding Washington and Plymouth was useless, because, while Washington was distant from New Berne only about twenty miles, and Plymouth perhaps a less distance from Washington by land, the enemy held the intervening territory, and the only hes came from General Peck that the enemy were preparing to attack Plymouth. General Wessels, in command there, however, whose gallant defeven out of the Roanoke; the rebel gunboats commanded the town, and Plymouth, after a brave defence, was captured with some sixteen hundred mento the War Department upon taking command of this department, that Plymouth and Washington were worse than useless to us, was unhappily verifirandum of instructions. See Appendix No. 20. Before his arrival Plymouth, which General Grant desired should be held at all hazards, had fa
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