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and although I have seen the gentleman since I have never spoken to him on this subject. I made my report of the condition of affairs to the Secretary of War on the afternoon of the 7th. See Appendix No. 88. Gold did not go higher to any appreciable extent on the morning of election. The price increased toward night and it went for a spurt on Wednesday morning, after it was known that Lincoln was elected, to 260, but immediately receded and never went so high again. On Monday, the 7th, I received a letter from Hon. Simon Cameron from Pennsylvania, asking what time I could see him, and where we could meet. The only intimation of his business was the statement contained in his letter that Stanton, the Secretary of War, was going on the march, and that I should flank him. See Appendix No. 91. I replied the next day that I would be in New York City certainly until Wednesday, and would be glad to see him at my headquarters. See Appendix No. 92. I afterwards received
e; but in view of the gold conspiracy Stanton desired me personally to remain some days longer. See Appendix No. 96. November 10, General Grant telegraphed a very high compliment to Stanton, at the quiet way in which the elections in New York passed off, as follows:-- The elections have passed off quietly; no bloodshed or riot throughout the land; is a victory worth more to the country than a battle won. Rebeldom and Europe will construe it so. See Appendix No. 95. On Monday, the 14th, under the direction of a committee of the most distinguished citizens of New York, a reception was given me at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. The scene was brilliant beyond any possible conception of mine, and the reception ended with a banquet at which I was called upon to make a speech, giving to the assembly my opinion as to what should be done in the future, upon which topic, after properly acknowledging my grateful thanks for the reception, among other things I spoke as follows:-- What is
e right of the enemy's line in sufficient numbers so as to enable the Army of the Potomac to move upon the enemy's communication near Petersburg. The forces appropriated to this purpose are so much of the Army of the James as can be spared from the lines at Bermuda Hundred and the garrisoned posts on the river — the strength of which forces you know. the manner in which the movement is to be made. The acting chief of engineers will have caused by twelve (12) o'clock midnight of the 28th inst., a sufficient pontoon bridge, well covered to prevent noise, to be laid from the road on the south side of the James to a point near Varina or Aikens' Landing. The Eighteenth Army Corps, with the exception of the colored division at Deep Bottom, will move across that bridge and make an attack upon the enemy's line in the manner hereinafter to be detailed. At the same time the Tenth Corps will cross the pontoon bridge at Deep Bottom and make in like manner, and at the same time, demo
January 8th (search for this): chapter 18
ength and magnanimity, again to make such offers of peace and amity in the most beneficent terms and for the last time? By so doing shall we not in the eyes of the world have exhausted all the resources of statesmanship in an offer to restore peace to the country? Who shall hinder their returning, and if they will not come back who shall complain? Let us not permit the rebel after he has fought as long as he can then, if he chooses, to come back. Let us state some time, perhaps the 8th of January--for the association will be as good as any — for all to lay down their arms and submit to the laws; and when that hour is passed, and every man who shall reject the proffered amity of a great and powerful nation speaking in love, in charity, in kindness, in hope of peace and quiet forever to its rebel sons,--I say then let us meet him or them with sharp, quick, decisive war, which shall bring the Rebellion to an end forever, by the extinguishment of such men wherever they may be found.
ces wherever our army marched, dividing the lands in the rebel States among our soldiers to be theirs and their heirs forever. A harsh measure, it may be said, but is it not quite as just as to tax ourselves, and thus raise the price of the necessaries of life for the purpose of giving bounty to support the soldier in fighting those rebellious men, whom we have three times over solemnly called to come and enjoy with us the blessings of our liberties and be friends,--saying in 1862, come in June; in 1863, come in December; in 1864, come by the 8th of January, 1865. When the clock strikes the last knell of that parting day, then all hope to those who have not made progress to return should be put off forever and ever. No longer should they be permitted to live on the land or even within the boundaries of the United States. Let them go to Mexico, to the islands of the sea, or some place that I do not care to name,--because I know no land bad enough to be cursed with their presence —
ped to do two things which had not been done before — to surprise the enemy and at least gain and hold the outer line of their fortifications, and perhaps, if I had good luck, take Chaffin's farm and get into Richmond. I further told him that I had another thing in view. The affair of the mine at Petersburg, which had been discussed between us, had convinced me that in the Army of the Potomac negro troops were thought of no value, and with the exception of an attack under Smith on the 15th of June, where they were prevented from entering Petersburg by the sloth, inaction, or I believe worse, of Smith, the negro troops had had no chance to show their valor or staying qualities in action. I told him that I meant to take a large part of my negro force, and under my personal command make an attack upon Newmarket Heights, the redoubt to the extreme left of the enemy's line. If I could take that and turn it, then I was certain that I could gain the first line of the enemy's intrenchmen
w England fashion, was at twelve o'clock. He did so, and between twelve and one left for a ride of about seven miles to the bridge at Deep Bottom. The attack was made quite late in the day, and was not successful. It was renewed the next day, and was in part successful, a minor fortification and four guns being captured. Then, deeming the position of the enemy to be too strong to be taken, Hancock withdrew his troops back to the lines at Petersburg, and Birney came home. About the 25th of July General Grant had made a formal demonstration with Hancock's Second Corps and Birney's Corps from Bermuda Hundred across the James River by the pontoon bridge at Deep Bottom, which, for reasons that need not be discussed, was not successful, and he renewed the attempt on the 13th of August, as has been hereinbefore described. The enemy having repulsed the two corps of our army, I supposed would become careless, not thinking the attack would be renewed. Gen. Birney, Commanding Tent
courage of colored troops demonstrated Medals for bravery Dutch Gap Canal: dug and blown out to let the fleet up the River, and then the Navy is afraid to go sent to New York in November to insure a fair election suppressing a militia commander troops in ferry-boats all about the City August Belmont wants to bet the gold conspiracy how Butler kept the price down Butler offered post of Secretary of War banquet to Butler Beecher names him for President an unfortunate affair In August we had a small holding on the north side of the James River at a point known as Deep Bottom. General Grant wanted to get north of the James still further up so that if it became convenient or necessary the united armies of the Potomac and the James,--leaving enough men in the trenches before Petersburg to hold our position there, and in our front, to hold the position of the Army of the James at Bermuda Hundred,--could be thrown across the river by pontoon bridges, and make a full attack upo
August 13th (search for this): chapter 18
tifications around Richmond, Newmarket Heights, Dutch Gap Canal, elections in New York and gold conspiracy. Across the James River the demonstration of August 13 Butler's plan for attack on Newmarket Heights an order: respectfully submitted to critics gallant and brilliant charge of the colored division on Fort Newmarkvement should be made on the north side of Richmond against the fortifications at Chaffin's farm. To extend his lines on the north side he detailed, on the 13th of August, Hancock with the Second Corps, to be transported from City Point by the river to Deep Bottom. At the same time I ordered General Birney to go with the Tenthoss the James River by the pontoon bridge at Deep Bottom, which, for reasons that need not be discussed, was not successful, and he renewed the attempt on the 13th of August, as has been hereinbefore described. The enemy having repulsed the two corps of our army, I supposed would become careless, not thinking the attack would
September 20th (search for this): chapter 18
service men to make a most thorough investigation. As I have stated, I had an exceedingly accurate map, drawn by the rebels themselves, of all their fortifications, and I instructed my secret service men to find out exactly how many men were holding each fortification, including the works at Chaffin's farm and Fort Harrison, and the connecting lines of forts between them I got such reports that upon reinvestigation I was satisfied they were correct. This took some time, but about the 20th of September I went to General Grant and explained to him my preparation, and asked his leave to make an attack in that quarter with such men as I could spare from the Army of the James. I felt satisfied that I could leave comparatively few men in my intrenchments, for while I was attacking Richmond on one side of the James I was quite sure the enemy would not find itself sufficiently at leisure to make an attack upon my lines on the other side of the river. I drew out my plan carefully in the
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