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B. R. Curtis (search for this): chapter 22
my taking up time or space in giving the details of the case. They were all printed and can be found in the congressional reports in any respectable library. Upon the close of our case, the opening argument for the defence was presented by Judge Curtis, and it is due to the truth of history to say, as I once before remarked, that after he had presented the case of his client, in my judgment nothing more was said in his behalf, although in the five or six closing speeches presented by his othence for the defence. As to the method of its production, I objected to much of it as I would in any other court, and the report will show that most of my objections were sustained by the Senate. Then all the counsel for the defendant, except Mr. Curtis, made closing arguments in defence of their client; each of the managers on the part of the House, save myself, made an argument in closing the prosecution, and the question was submitted to the Senate. After some deliberation by the Senate
Wendell Phillips (search for this): chapter 22
he war broke out, America's commerce was the second largest in the world, and not far behind that of Great Britain. When the war closed, our flag had been substantially driven from the ocean. The ports of Great Britain and its colonies had been made depots from which arms, ammunition, and every manner of supplies were shipped to the Confederates. Not to any considerable extent was this the case with the ports of other nations, save, perhaps, of Cuba. It compelled us to establish, Wendell Phillips. at an enormous cost, and maintain for four years, blockading fleets whose business was simply to prevent the running in and out of Confederate ports of vessels loaded with arms, ammunition, provisions, and every class of smuggled goods. As I have stated before, Southern cotton had advanced from ten cents a pound at the beginning of the war to a dollar a pound. It must be had in England or the laborers of her cotton manufactories would starve. The steamship builders of Scotland and
beautiful women in the most gorgeous apparel. I came as near running away then as I ever did on any occasion in my life. But summoning up such courage as I could, I stuck to my post and addressed the Senate in a speech of two hours length, of which forty thousand copies were ordered by the House the next day for circulation throughout the country. The board of managers occupied the floor of the Senate chamber at the left of the chief justice. On the right sat Attorney-General Stanbury, Mr. Evarts of New York, Judge B. R. Curtis, of Massachusetts, Judge Nelson, of Tennessee, and other gentlemen, counsel for Andrew Johnson, President of the United States. I had brought it to the attention of the board of managers that we should have Mr. Johnson brought in and placed at the bar of the Senate to be tried according to the forms of the English law,--or as Judge Chase had been tried when Aaron Burr presided over the Senate,--and required by the presiding officer to stand until the Sena
Schuyler Colfax (search for this): chapter 22
l was made to the executive that the certificate of my election should be withheld. because I was not a resident of that district. That, I answered, was nobody's business but the electors', and upon that question nobody could decide but the House of Representatives. More than that, there was no constitutional inhibition upon any citizen of the State being elected to Congress to represent any part of the State. So I got my certificate in due form, and entered Congress in 1867. The Hon. Schuyler Colfax was elected speaker of the House. I was put upon the committee on appropriations, and devoted myself to the duties of that committee with great diligence during the Congress. I also gave attention to the current business of the House, receiving perhaps more attention from the House than is usually accorded to a new member. My attention was very early called to two great matters: First, whether the bonds of the United States should be paid in gold and silver in preference to the
Jack Downing (search for this): chapter 22
for many years to give that degree to the President who should visit Massachusetts during his term of office, and it was given to every one without question until it became a matter of discussion in the case of President Andrew Jackson; and while the degree was conferred upon him in due form, one of the students in the senior class addressed the President in behalf of the class in Latin, of which of course he understood not a word. The opposition made much of this and among the jokes, Major Jack Downing, the humorous letter writer who accompanied Jackson, describing the scene, asserts that at Downingville where the President was received and made a speech, some one called out: You must give us some Latin, Doctor, whereupon the President off with his hat again and said: Fellow-citizens, e pluribus unum, sina qua non. The college still continues its habit of conferring this degree upon the President. The whole performance is a cheap, convenient mode of advertising the college, and i
The next authority adduced by the gentleman in support of his contract to pay gold for the five-twenties bonds is Secretary McCulloch. Well, if this House proposes to be bound by the financial theories of Secretary McCulloch I should hardly wish tSecretary McCulloch I should hardly wish to argue this question further. But even Secretary McCulloch does not undertake to say that there is a contract to pay gold for these bonds. When asked by a foreign banker, What is the contract as to the payment of the principal of the five-twentieSecretary McCulloch does not undertake to say that there is a contract to pay gold for these bonds. When asked by a foreign banker, What is the contract as to the payment of the principal of the five-twenties? what does the secretary reply? Does he say that the contract is to pay in gold? Oh, no; he says that all the government obligations that have fallen due have been paid in gold (he forgot that temporary loan), and that it is the policy of the gnything else, so that we could relieve the people from taxation. You will find running all through this letter of Secretary McCulloch an evasion of this question. What is the contract by law? When the $900,000,000 loan, commonly known as the te
Christopher Gore (search for this): chapter 22
f the earlier proclamations, and after examining them found one that just suited me. It was the proclamation of Governor Christopher Gore in 1810. I knew something of his history. He was a very learned and pious man, a graduate of Harvard College,ed appropriate to my condition, and its tone was admirable. It covered every point except one, and that I inserted. Governor Gore asked the people to abstain from all secular labors, but went no further because the clergymen of that day did not used against that learned and pious man and not against me. I was glad that I made the selection of the proclamation of Governor Gore, because I could throw all the blame for want of piety or proper religious sentiment that might appear in that document upon him, and I claim no credit about the matter except for the selection of the proclamation of Governor Gore, which seemed to me to be the best of those I examined. I heard that after the publication of my statement in the newspapers pretty
Crittenden (search for this): chapter 22
Chapter 20: Congressman and Governor. Living in a tent on the beach, he is elected to Congress takes part in financial questions greenbacks are money, and hence good enough for bondholders congressional election: running against R. H. Dana, Jr. sample stump speeches E. Rockwood Hoar and Harvard College trying to Impeach President Johnson presenting the case did Johnson know of Booth's plans: a private investigation Crittenden's challenge and Butler's answer greenbacks declared legal tender by Supreme Court proposition for an interchangeable bond plea for governmental system of terminal Annuities position on reconstruction United States should have had Canada for the Alabama claims you shall never be Governor of Massachusetts I will be Governor of Massachusetts and he becomes Governor that council Tewksbury the Fast-day proclamation Appointees Harvard College running for President in 1884 Cleveland's election fraudulent In 1863 I provided myself
, I combatted and resisted. But there were more bondholders in Congress than a majority of each House, and they naturally had their way. I urged that the greenbacks were constitutional currency ot of his contract to pay gold for the five-twenties bonds is Secretary McCulloch. Well, if this House proposes to be bound by the financial theories of Secretary McCulloch I should hardly wish to aronstrue this law differently from any other law I will be obliged to him. If he will inform this House why the people of this country should tax themselves to the amount of many millions ($400,000,00itable of all businesses, and has the largest returns without any risks. Every member of this House can argue these propositions for himself better than I can argue them for him. It is my part onlent. of the indorser's notes for their redemption; and I desire some of the able bankers in this House to. explain to me what good result is hoped for from this smothering of a portion of the nationa
men in that party that had always opposed me in the Republican party made a bolt from the convention and ran a candidate against me, so that I was not elected, although I received a very large number of votes. In 1879, I was again candidate for governor, having the nomination of the Democratic party. The Hunker Democrats ran a bolting candidate, and I was again defeated, but held substantially the same vote that I had received the year before. In 1880 I supported the nomination of General Hancock for President, the first Democratic candidate I had supported for President since the war began. In 1882 I came to the conclusion to try the question of my being governor of Massachusetts directly and fully against the Republican party, although they had the prestige of just electing a president and had the administration. The hunkers of the Democratic party, having found their utter inability to carry any votes worth counting, did not run a bolting candidate, and I received my nomi
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