ovement of even a small body of troops could only be effected by the impressment of teams and wagons from the adjacent country, if leading away from the railway lines, and these last were neither numerous nor very efficient in the South at that period.
Yet, in spite of the many incongruities and deficiencies already indicated, the Southern volunteer was perhaps more prompt to acquire the ways of war than was his Northern opponent.
The latter indisputably outclassed him in point of
South Carolina soldiers in 1861
A group of Charleston Zouave Cadets—militia organized before the war, hence among the few that had swords and guns to start with in 1861.
The Zouave Cadets, under command of Captain C. E. Chichester, formed part of the First Regiment of Rifles, Fourth Brigade, South Carolina, at the outset of the war. The Fourth Brigade was the largest organized body of State militia.
It was commanded by Brigadier-General James Simons, was well-organized, well-drilled and armed, and
The Confederate of 1861
Bugler in a Confederate camp—1861
The Confederate of 1861 Allen C. Redwood, Fifty-fifth Virginia Regiment, Confederate States Army
The ill-fated attempt of John Brown at Harper's Ferry was significant in more directions than the one voiced in the popular lyric in the Southern States.
The militia system had fallen into a condition little less than farcical, but the effect of Brown's undertaking was to awaken the public sense to an appreciation of the defenseless condition of the community, in the event of better planned and more comprehensive demonstrations of the kind in the future.
Rural populations do not tend readily to organization, and the Southerner was essentially rural, but under the impetus above indicated, and with no immediate thought of ulterior service, the people, of the border States especially, began to form military companies in almost every county, and to uniform, arm, and drill them.
The habit and temper of the men,